Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science

1st Edition - December 5, 2012

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  • Editors: Kathleen Weathers, David Strayer, Gene Likens
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780120887743
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080916804

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Description

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science provides a compact and comprehensive introduction to modern ecosystem science. This book covers major concepts of ecosystem science, biogeochemistry, and energetics. It addresses, contrasts, and compares both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. It combines general lessons, concepts, frameworks, and challenges in highly accessible synthesis chapters. It presents firsthand case studies, written by leaders in the field, offering personal insights into how adopting an ecosystem approach led to innovations, new understanding, management changes, and policy solutions. This book is ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate students who have had a general biology course, but not further training in ecosystems as well as researchers and professionals in ecology and environmental sciences.

Key Features

  • Addresses, contrasts, and compares both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems
  • Combines general lessons, concepts, frameworks, and challenges in highly accessible synthesis chapters
  • Presents firsthand case studies, written by leaders in the field, offering personal insights into how adopting an ecosystem approach led to innovations, new understanding, management changes, and policy solutions

Readership

Advanced undergraduate and graduate students who have had a general biology course, but not further training in ecosystems. Researchers and professionals in ecology and environmental sciences

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Chapter 1. Introduction to Ecosystem Science

    What is an Ecosystem?

    What are the Properties of Ecosystems?

    Why Do Scientists Study Ecosystems?

    How Do Ecosystem Scientists Learn about Ecosystems?

    From There to Here: A Short History of the Ecosystem Concept in Theory and Practice

    References

    Section II. Ecological Energetics

    Introduction

    Units used in Studies of Ecological Energetics

    Chapter 2. Primary Production: The Foundation of Ecosystems

    Introduction

    Components of Primary Production

    Measuring Primary Production

    Regulation of Primary Production

    Rates and Patterns of Primary Production

    Fates of Primary Production

    A Tale of Scale

    Summary

    References

    References for Table 2.1

    Chapter 3. Secondary Production and Consumer Energetics

    Introduction

    Consumer Energetics

    Secondary Production

    Definition of Secondary Production

    Methods to Estimate Secondary Production

    Controls and Prediction of Secondary Production

    Production of an Individual Species of Consumer

    Production of a Guild of Consumers

    Production of the Entire Community of Consumers

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 4. Organic Matter Decomposition

    Introduction

    Decomposition of Plant-Derived Particulate Matter

    Organisms Responsible for Decomposition

    Controls on Decomposition

    Interactions with Other Element Cycles

    Summary

    References

    Chapter 5. Element Cycling

    What is an Element Cycle?

    The Importance of Chemical Properties

    Move, Stick, and Change: A Simple Framework for Elemental Cycling

    What Kinds of Questions are Associated with Element Cycles?

    Some Characteristics Important for Understanding an Element’s Role in Ecosystems

    References

    Chapter 6. The Carbon Cycle: With a Brief Introduction to Global Biogeochemistry

    Why Study the Carbon Cycle?

    Biogeochemistry of Carbon

    The Carbon Atom and Its Chemistry

    The Present-Day Global Carbon Cycle and the Greenhouse Effect

    The Holocene PreIndustrial Global Carbon Budget

    The Carbon Cycle in Selected Ecosystems

    Concluding Remarks

    References

    Chapter 7. The Nitrogen Cycle

    Introduction

    The Global Picture

    Nitrogen Cycle Processes

    Nitrogen Cycling in Terrestrial Ecosystems

    Nitrogen Cycling in Aquatic Ecosystems

    Nitrogen Balances: The Enigma of Missing Nitrogen

    References

    Chapter 8. The Phosphorus Cycle

    Introduction

    Background

    The Importance of Phosphorus in Terrestrial Ecosystems

    The Importance of Phosphorus in Agricultural Ecosystems

    The Importance of Phosphorus in Aquatic Ecosystems

    The Global Phosphorus Cycle

    Human Alteration of the Global Phosphorus Cycle

    The Phosphorus Cycle at the Watershed Scale

    The Phosphorus Cycle at the Local Scale

    Managing Human Interaction with the Phosphorus Cycle

    Summary

    References

    Section IV. Synthesis

    Chapter 9. Revisiting the Ecosystem Concept: Important Features That Promote Generality and Understanding

    Introduction

    Budgets and Boundaries

    Inclusiveness and Flexibility

    Generality and Prediction

    References

    Chapter 10. Ecosystems in a Heterogeneous World

    Introduction

    The Nature of Heterogeneity

    Toward A Framework for Space and Time Heterogeneity

    Internal and External Heterogeneity

    First Principles for Assessing Heterogeneity

    Conclusions: Ecosystems in Time and Space

    References

    Chapter 11. Controls on Ecosystem Structure and Function

    What Do We Mean by “Control”?

    Why Do We Care about Controls on Ecosystems?

    How Are Ecosystems Controlled?

    Complications

    References

    Section V. Case Studies

    Chapter 12. From Global Environmental Change to Sustainability Science: Ecosystem Studies in the Yaqui Valley, Mexico

    The Yaqui Valley Case Study

    Lessons from the Yaqui Valley Ecosystems Study

    References

    Chapter 13. Ecology of Lyme Disease

    Discovery

    It’s the Deer

    References

    Chapter 14. Understanding Ecosystem Effects of Dams

    References

    Chapter 15. Acid Rain

    References

    Chapter 16. Streams and Their Valleys

    References

    Chapter 17. Frontiers in Ecosystem Science

    Introduction

    Pressures and Pace of Environmental Change

    Conceptual Advances

    Technological Advances

    The Changing Culture of Science

    Conclusion

    References

    Appendix. A Primer on Biologically Mediated Redox Reactions in Ecosystems

    References

    Glossary

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 326
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2012
  • Published: December 5, 2012
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780120887743
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080916804

About the Editors

Kathleen Weathers

Kathleen Weathers
Dr. Kathleen C. Weathers is the G. Evelyn Hutchinson Chair in Ecology at the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies.

Affiliations and Expertise

Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY, USA

David Strayer

David Strayer
Dr. David L. Strayer is a Distinguished Senior Scientist Emeritus at the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies.

Affiliations and Expertise

Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY, USA

Gene Likens

Dr. Gene E. Likens is President Emeritus and Distinguished Senior Scientist at the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, and a Distinguished Research Professor at the University of Connecticut, Storrs

Affiliations and Expertise

Distinguished Senior Scientist, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY, USA

Ratings and Reviews

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  • Roswitha S. Mon Mar 12 2018

    Fundamentals in Ecosystem Science

    A great book for all students to get an overview and an understanding of element cycles and ecosystem structures. Easy to understand and so a perfect book for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.