Fundamentals of Chemistry Laboratory Studies

Fundamentals of Chemistry Laboratory Studies

1st Edition - January 1, 1966

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  • Author: Frank Brescia
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323155748

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Description

Fundamentals of Chemistry: Laboratory Studies focuses on the techniques involved in chemical laboratory operations. Divided into 13 parts, the manual gives information on weights and measures; the different states of matter; atomic and molecular weights; and electron charge. Giving support to these discussions are experiments that show the changes in weight and electron charge of metals, gases, and other materials when exposed to different conditions. The text also looks at experiments on the gravimetric and volumetric stoichiometry of chlorides, sulfates, acids, antimony, and oxalates. The manual also highlights studies conducted on potassium nitrate and chlorate, oxygen, hydrogen, and polymers. The guidebook ends with discussions on molecular geometry, kinetics, and chemical equilibrium. Experiments and illustrations of chemical reactions are presented. Taking into consideration the value of data presented, the manual is a great find for readers wanting to introduce an organized system in conducting laboratory experiments.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    To the Student

    Common Laboratory Equipment (Plates I-VII)

    Chemical Laboratory Methods

    Common Valences of Some Elements and Radicals

    General Information

    Experiments

    Manipulation, Weights, and Measures

    1 Glass Working

    2 Weight and Density Measurements

    3 Calibration of Weights, Balance, and Volumetric Ware

    States of Matter

    4 Pressure-Volume Relation in Gases at Constant Temperature

    5 Change of State; Accuracy of Thermometer

    6 Properties of the Colloidal State

    Atomic and Molecular Weights

    7 The Determination of the Density of Oxygen

    8 Atomic Weight of a Metal from Its Specific Heat

    9 Molecular Weight Determination (Dumas Method)

    10 Molecular Weight Determination from Freezing Point Data

    Electronic Charge and Radiochemistry

    11 Determination of the Charge of an Electron

    12 Radiochemistry

    Stoichiometry—Gravimetric

    13 Gravimetric Determination of a Chloride

    14 Gravimetric Determination of a Sulfate

    15 Reaction between Magnesium and an Acid

    16 The Conversion of a Carbonate to a Chloride

    17 Formula of a Hydrate

    18 Weight Composition of a Silver Halide

    Stoichiometry—Volumetric

    19 Titration Analysis of Acid Solutions

    20 Oxidation-Reduction Titration; Analysis of an Oxalate

    21 Iodometry

    22 Iodometry; Determination of Antimony

    23 Ion Exchange; Determination of the Concentration of an Anion

    24 Colorimetry; Determination of Manganese

    25 The Equivalent Weights of Phosphoric Acid

    26 Oxidation-Reduction Titration; Analysis of Commercial Hydrogen Peroxide and Fe2+ Solutions

    27 Oxidation-Reduction Titration; Analysis of a Commercial Bleaching Solution

    Thermochemistry

    28 Thermochemical Equations; Hess's Law

    Preparations and Syntheses

    29 Preparation of Potassium Nitrate

    30 Preparation of Potassium Chlorate

    31 Preparation and Structure of Coordination Complexes

    32 Preparation and Reactions of Oxygen

    33 Preparation and Ignition of Hydrogen

    34 Demonstration of the Presence of Nitrogen in Air

    35 Preparation and Reactions of Sodium Bicarbonate and Sodium Carbonate

    36 Preparation of Polymers

    37 Synthesis of Aspirin

    38 Preparation of Ethyl Alcohol

    Molecular Geometry

    39 Molecular Geometry; Structural Organic Chemistry

    40 Molecular Symmetry

    Kinetics

    41 Determination of the Rate Law for a Reaction; Catalysis

    42 Effect of Concentration, Surface Area, and Catalyst on Rate of Reaction

    43 Effect of Temperature on Rate of Reaction

    Chemical Equilibrium

    44 Chemical Equilibrium; Effects of Changing Composition

    45 Chemical Equilibrium; Determination of an Equilibrium Constant

    46 Determination of an Equilibrium Constant

    47 Chemical Equilibrium

    48 Solubility

    49 Properties of Electrolytic and Nonelectrolytic Solutions

    50 Conductance of Solutions

    51 pH, Indicators, and Hydrolysis

    52 Efficiency of Electrolytic Processes

    Qualitative Analysis

    53 Preliminary Experiments with Cations

    54 Qualitative Cation Analysis; Known and Unknown (6 Cations)

    55a Qualitative Analysis—Semimicro Methods; Apparatus and Use

    55b Experiments Preliminary to Experiment

    56 Qualitative Cation Analysis; Unknown (15 Cations)

    57 Design of a Scheme of Analysis

    58 Anion Analysis; Known and Unknown (10 Anions)

    59 Analysis of a Simple Substance

    Vapor Pressure of Water

    Five-Place Log Table

    Graph Paper

    International Atomic Weights

    Periodic Table

Product details

  • No. of pages: 328
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1966
  • Published: January 1, 1966
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323155748

About the Author

Frank Brescia

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