Fundamentals of Brain Network Analysis - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124079083, 9780124081185

Fundamentals of Brain Network Analysis

1st Edition

Authors: Alex Fornito Andrew Zalesky Edward Bullmore
eBook ISBN: 9780124081185
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124079083
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 24th March 2016
Page Count: 494
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Description

Fundamentals of Brain Network Analysis is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to methods for unraveling the extraordinary complexity of neuronal connectivity. From the perspective of graph theory and network science, this book introduces, motivates and explains techniques for modeling brain networks as graphs of nodes connected by edges, and covers a diverse array of measures for quantifying their topological and spatial organization. It builds intuition for key concepts and methods by illustrating how they can be practically applied in diverse areas of neuroscience, ranging from the analysis of synaptic networks in the nematode worm to the characterization of large-scale human brain networks constructed with magnetic resonance imaging. This text is ideally suited to neuroscientists wanting to develop expertise in the rapidly developing field of neural connectomics, and to physical and computational scientists wanting to understand how these quantitative methods can be used to understand brain organization.

Key Features

  • Extensively illustrated throughout by graphical representations of key mathematical concepts and their practical applications to analyses of nervous systems
  • Comprehensively covers graph theoretical analyses of structural and functional brain networks, from microscopic to macroscopic scales, using examples based on a wide variety of experimental methods in neuroscience
  • Designed to inform and empower scientists at all levels of experience, and from any specialist background, wanting to use modern methods of network science to understand the organization of the brain

Readership

Students and researchers with an interest in neuroscience, or network science applied to the brain.

Table of Contents

  • Author Biographies
  • Foreword
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1: An Introduction to Brain Networks
    • Abstract
    • 1.1 Graphs as Models for Complex Systems
    • 1.2 Graph Theory and the Brain
    • 1.3 Are graph theory and connectomics useful?
    • 1.4 Summary
  • Chapter 2: Nodes and Edges
    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Microscale Connectomics
    • 2.2 Mesoscale Connectomics
    • 2.3 Macroscale Connectomics
    • 2.4 Summary
  • Chapter 3: Connectivity Matrices and Brain Graphs
    • Abstract
    • 3.1 The Connectivity Matrix
    • 3.2 The Adjacency Matrix
    • 3.3 Network Visualization
    • 3.4 What Type of Network Is a Connectome?
    • 3.5 Summary
  • Chapter 4: Node Degree and Strength
    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Measures of Node Connectivity
    • 4.2 Degree Distributions
    • 4.3 Weight Distributions
    • 4.4 Summary
  • Chapter 5: Centrality and Hubs
    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Centrality
    • 5.2 Identifying Hub Nodes
    • 5.3 Summary
  • Chapter 6: Components, Cores, and Clubs
    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Connected Components
    • 6.2 Core-Periphery Organization
    • 6.3 Rich Clubs
    • 6.4 Summary
  • Chapter 7: Paths, Diffusion, and Navigation
    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Walks, Trails, Paths, and Cycles
    • 7.2 Shortest Path Routing
    • 7.3 Diffusion Processes
    • 7.4 Navigation and Other Models of Neural Communication
    • 7.5 Summary
  • Chapter 8: Motifs, Small Worlds, and Network Economy
    • Abstract
    • 8.1 Network Motifs
    • 8.2 Clustering, Degeneracy, and Small Worlds
    • 8.3 Network Economy
    • 8.4 Summary
  • Chapter 9: Modularity
    • Abstract
    • 9.1 Defining Modules
    • 9.2 Node Roles
    • 9.3 Comparing and Aggregating Network Partitions
    • 9.4 Dynamic Modularity
    • 9.5 Summary
  • Chapter 10: Null Models
    • Abstract
    • 10.1 Generative Null Models
    • 10.2 Null Networks from Rewiring Connections
    • 10.3 Functional Connectivity Networks
    • 10.4 Summary
  • Chapter 11: Statistical Connectomics
    • Abstract
    • 11.1 Matrix Thresholding
    • 11.2 Statistical Inference on Brain Networks
    • 11.3 Multivariate Approaches
    • 11.4 Summary
  • Glossary
  • References
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
494
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2016
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780124081185
Hardcover ISBN:
9780124079083

About the Author

Alex Fornito

Alex Fornito completed a PhD in the Departments of Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Melbourne, Australia, followed by Post-Doctoral training at the University of Cambridge, UK. He is an associate professor, Australian Research Council Future Fellow, and Deputy Director of the Brain and Mental Health Laboratory in the Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neurosciences, Australia. Alex’s research uses cognitive neuroscience, network science, and graph theory to understand brain network organization in health and disease. He has published over 100 scientific articles, much of which are focused on the development and application of new methods to understand how brain networks dynamically adapt to changing task demands, how they are disrupted by disease, and how they are shaped by genetic influences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Brain and Mental Health Laboratory, Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neuroscience, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

Andrew Zalesky

Andrew Zalesky completed his PhD in the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at the University of Melbourne, Australia. He works with neuroscientists, utilizing his engineering expertise in networks to understand human brain organization in health and disease. He has developed widely used methods for modeling and performing statistical inference on brain imaging data. His methods are utilized to investigate brain connectivity abnormalities in disease. He identified some of the first evidence of connectome pathology in schizophrenia. Andrew currently holds a fellowship from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia. He is based at the University of Melbourne and holds a joint appointment between the Melbourne Neuropsychiatry Centre and the Melbourne School of Engineering. He leads the Systems Neuropsychiatry Group.

Affiliations and Expertise

Melbourne Neuropsychiatry Centre and the Melbourne School of Engineering, The University Melbourne, Australia

Edward Bullmore

Ed Bullmore trained in medicine at the University of Oxford and St Bartholomew’s Hospital, London, and then in psychiatry at the Bethlem Royal and Maudsley Hospital, London. In 1993, he was a Wellcome Trust (Advanced) Research Fellow at the Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London, where he completed a PhD in the statistical analysis of MRI data, before moving to Cambridge as Professor of Psychiatry in 1999. Currently, he is co-Chair of Cambridge Neuroscience, Scientific Director of the Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre, and Head of the Department of Psychiatry in the University of Cambridge. He is also an honorary Consultant Psychiatrist, and Director of R&D in Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Foundation NHS Trust. Since 2005, he has worked half-time for GlaxoSmithKline, currently focusing on immuno-psychiatry. He has been elected as a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, the Royal College of Psychiatrists, and the Academy of Medical Sciences. He has published about 500 scientific papers, and his work has been highly cited. He has played an internationally-leading role in understanding brain connectivity and networks by graph theoretical analysis of neuroimaging and other neuroscientific datasets.

Affiliations and Expertise

Brain Mapping Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, UK

Awards

2017 PROSE Award
Honorable Mention in Biomedicine and Neuroscience

2017 British Medical Association (BMA) Award
Highly Commended in Neurology

 

 

Reviews

"...this text promises to be an essential title on the bookshelf of the intellectually curious neuroscientist. And for those whose curiosity is never satiated, the book motivates new empirical work to address as yet unanswered questions…" --Brain

...a thorough and didactic presentation of the tools available to research scientists wishing to engage in the emgerging field of network neuroscience...this text promises to be an essential title on the bookshelf of the intellectually curious neuroscientist...as with any good book, one turns the final page wishing there were more. --Prof Danielle S Basset, University of Pennsylvania, BRAIN: A Journal of Neurology