Fundamentals of Air Pollution 2e

Fundamentals of Air Pollution 2e

2nd Edition - May 28, 1984

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  • Editor: Arthur C. Stern
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323161589

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Description

Fundamentals of Air Pollution, Second Edition discusses the basic chemistry, physics, and engineering of air pollution. This edition explores the processes and equipment that produce less pollution in the atmosphere. This book is comprised of six parts encompassing 28 chapters. This text starts with an overview of the predominant air pollution problems during the Industrial Revolution, including smoke and ash produced by burning oil or coal in the boiler furnaces of power plants, marine vessels, and locomotives. This edition then explores the mathematical models of atmospheric transport and diffusion and discusses the air pollution control in communities. Other chapters deal with atmospheric chemistry, control technology, and visibility through the atmosphere. This book further examines the regulatory concepts that have become more significant, such as the bubble concept, air quality, emission standards, and the trading and banking of emission rights. Air pollution scientists, atmospheric scientists, ecologists, engineers, educators, researchers, and students will find this book extremely useful.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Part I The Elements of Air Pollution

    1 The History of Air Pollution

    I. Before the Industrial Revolution

    II. The Industrial Revolution

    III. The Twentieth Century

    IV. The 1980s

    V. The Future

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    2 The Natural versus the Polluted Atmosphere

    I. The Atmosphere

    II. Unpolluted Air

    III. Particulate Matter

    IV. Concepts

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    3 Scales of the Air Pollution Problem

    I. Local

    II. Urban

    III. Regional

    IV. Continental

    V. Global

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    4 Air Quality

    I. Averaging Time

    II. Cycles

    III. Primary and Secondary Pollutants

    IV. Measurement Systems

    V. Air Quality Levels

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    5 The Philosophy of Air Pollution Control

    I. Strategy and Tactics—The Air Pollution System

    II. Episode Control

    III. Air Quality Management Control Strategy

    IV. Alternate Control Strategies

    V. Economic Considerations

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    6 Sources of Air Pollution

    I. General

    II. Combustion

    III. Stationary Sources

    IV. Mobile Sources

    V. Emission Inventory

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    Part II The Effects of Air Pollution

    7 Effects on Human Health and Welfare

    I. Air-Water-Soil Interactions

    II. Total Body Burden

    III. The Human Respiratory System

    IV. Impact of Air Pollution on Humans

    V. Impact of Odor on Humans

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    8 Effects on Vegetation and Animals

    I. Injury versus Damage

    II. Effects on Vegetation and Crops

    III. Effects on Forests

    IV. Effects on Experimental Animals

    V. Effects on Large or Commercial Animals

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    9 Effects on Materials and Structures

    I. Effects on Metals

    II. Effects on Stone

    III. Effects on Fabrics and Dyes

    IV. Effects on Leather, Paper, and Paint

    V. Effects on Rubber

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    10 Effects on the Atmosphere, Soil, and Water Bodies

    I. The Physics of Visibility

    II. Formation of Atmospheric Haze

    III. Effects of Atmospheric Haze

    IV. Visibility

    V. Acidic Deposition

    VI. Effects of Acidic Deposition

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    Part III The Measurement and Monitoring of Air Pollution

    11 Atmospheric Chemistry

    I. Types of Atmospheric Chemical Transformations

    II. Role of Solar Radiation in Atmospheric Chemistry

    III. Gas Phase Chemical Reaction Pathways

    IV. Heterogeneous Reactions

    V. Scavenging and Removal from the Atmosphere

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    12 Ambient Air Sampling

    I. Elements of a Sampling System

    II. Sampling Systems for Gaseous Pollutants

    III. Sampling Systems for Particulate Pollutants

    IV. Static Sampling Systems

    V. Sampler Siting Requirements

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    13 Ambient Air Pollutant Analysis and Measurement

    I. Analysis and Measurement of Gaseous Pollutants

    II. Analysis and Measurement of Particulate Pollutants

    III. Analysis and Measurement of Odors

    IV. Analysis and Measurement of Visibility

    V. Analysis and Measurement of Acidic Deposition

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    14 Air Pollution Monitoring and Surveillance

    I. Stationary Monitoring Networks

    II. Mobile Monitoring and Surveillance

    III. Remote Sensing

    IV. Quality Assurance

    V. Data Analysis and Display

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    Part IV The Meteorology of Air Pollution

    15 The Physics of the Atmosphere

    I. Sun-Atmosphere System—Heat Balance

    II. Stability and Instability

    III. Laws of Motion

    IV. Local Wind Systems

    V. General Circulation

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    16 The Meteorological Bases of Atmospheric Pollution

    I. Ventilation

    II. Stagnation

    III. Meteorological Conditions during Historic Pollution Episodes

    IV. Effects of Pollution on the Atmosphere

    V. Removal Mechanisms

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    17 Transport and Dispersion of Air Pollutants

    I. Wind Velocity

    II. Turbulence

    III. Estimating Concentrations from Point Sources

    IV. Dispersion Instrumentation

    V. Atmospheric Tracers

    VI. Concentration Variation with Averaging Time

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    18 Air Pollution Modeling and Prediction

    I. Plume Rise

    II. Modeling Techniques

    III. Modeling Nonreactive Pollutants

    IV. Modeling Pollutant Transformations

    V. Model Performance, Accuracy, and Utilization

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    19 Air Pollution Climatology

    I. Sources of Data

    II. Representativeness

    III. Frequency of Atmospheric Stagnations

    IV. Ventilation Climatology

    V. Wind and Pollution Roses

    VI. Climate Modification

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    Part V The Regulatory Control of Air Pollution

    20 Air Quality Criteria and Standards

    I. Air Quality Criteria

    II. Conversion of Effects Data and Criteria to Standards

    III. Conversion of Physical Data and Criteria to Standards

    IV. Conversion of Biological Data and Criteria to Standards

    V. Air Quality Standards

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    21 Emission Standards

    I. Subjective Standards

    II. Objective Standards

    III. Types of Emission Standards

    IV. Variant Forms of Emission Standards

    V. Means for Implementing Emission Standards

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    22 The Elements of Regulatory Control

    I. Control of New Stationary Sources

    II. Control of Existing Stationary Sources

    III. Control of Mobile Sources

    IV. Air Quality Control Regions

    V. Tall Stacks, and Intermittent and Supplementary Control Systems

    Reference

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    23 Organization for Air Pollution Control

    I. Functions

    II. Organization

    III. Finance

    IV. Personnel

    V. Advisory Groups

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    Part VI The Engineering Control of Air Pollution

    24 Engineering Control Concepts

    I. Introduction

    II. Process Change

    III. Fuel Change

    IV. Pollution Removal

    V. Disposal of Pollutants

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    25 Control Devices and Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Removal of Dry Particulate Matter

    III. Removal of Liquid Droplets and Mists

    IV. Removal of Gaseous Pollutants

    V. Removal of Odors

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    26 Control of Stationary Sources

    I. Introduction

    II. Energy, Power, and Incineration

    III. Chemical and Metallurgical Industries

    IV. Agriculture and Forest Products Industries

    V. Other Industrial Processes

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    27 Control of Mobile Sources

    I. Introduction

    II. Gasoline-Powered Vehicles

    III. Diesel-Powered Vehicles

    IV. Gas Turbines and Jet Engines

    V. Alternatives to Existing Mobile Sources

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    28 Source Sampling and Monitoring

    I. Introduction

    II. Source Sampling

    III. Statistics of Sampling

    IV. The Source Test

    V. Source Monitoring

    References

    Suggested Reading

    Questions

    Conversion Table

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 548
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1984
  • Published: May 28, 1984
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323161589

About the Editor

Arthur C. Stern

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