Fundamental Physics of Radiology

Fundamental Physics of Radiology

1st Edition - January 1, 1968

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  • Authors: W. J. Meredith, J. B. Massey
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483281377

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Description

Fundamental Physics of Radiology focuses on how radiation is produced, how the rays interact and affect irradiated material, and the principles underlying the apparatus being used. The publication first takes a look at matter and energy, radiation, and spectra, atoms and nuclei, and radioactivity, including electromagnetic radiation, waves and photons, atomic and nuclear structures, and electromagnetic spectrum. The text also ponders on radioactive materials and the effects and production of X-rays. The text examines the measurement of X-ray quantity, roentgen and its measurement, and the Geiger-Müller and scintillation counters, as well as departmental chambers, instruments in practice, and ‘free-air‘ chamber. The manuscript also elaborates on properties of X-ray film, intensifying and fluorescent screens, effect of X-ray absorption on radiographic image, and effects and control of scattered radiation. The publication is a dependable reference for physicists and readers interested in radiology.

Table of Contents


  • Contents

    Preface

    Section I. General Physics

    I. Matter and Energy, Radiation and Spectra

    II. Atoms and Nuclei

    III. Radioactivity

    IV. Radioactivity Materials

    V. The Production of X-Rays

    VI. The Interaction of X-And Gamma Rays with Matter I

    VII. The Interaction of X-And Gamma Rays with Matter II

    VIII. The Effects of X-Rays

    IX. The Measurement of X-Ray Quantity

    X. The Roentgen and Its Measurement

    X. The Geiger-Müller and Scintillation Counters

    XII. Absorbed Dose and the Rad

    XIII. Filters and Filtration

    Section II. Diagnostic Radiology

    XIV. The Physical Basis of Diagnostic Radiology

    XV. The X-Ray Film and Its Processing

    XVI. The Properties of The X-Ray Film

    XVII. Intensifying and Fluorescent Screens

    XVIII. Geometric Factors Which Influence The Radiographic Image

    XIX. The Effect of X-Ray Absorption On The Radiographic Image

    XX. The Effects and Control of Scattered Radiation

    XXI. The Radiographic Exposure

    XXII. The Diagnostic X-Ray Tube and Shield

    XXIII. The Electrical Circuits of The X-Ray Unit

    XXIV. The Rating of The X-Ray Tube

    XXV. Fluoroscopy

    XXVI. Tomography

    Section III. Radiotherapy

    XXVII. The Physical Principles of Radiotherapy

    XXVIII. Teletherapy Dosage Data: General Considerations

    XXI. Teletherapy Dosage Data For Clinical Use

    XXX. Output Measurements and the Use of Isodose Charts

    XXXI. Patient Dosage

    XXXII. Beam Modification

    XXXIII. Collimators and 'Beam-Direction' Devices

    XXXIV. Some Special Techniques and Alternative Radiations

    XXX. Teletherapy Sources

    XXXVI. Acceptance Tests and Calibration

    XXXVII. Radium and Radon Sources For Plesiotherapy

    XXXVIII. Plesiotherapy Dosage Calculations and Some Alternative Gamma-Ray Sources

    XXXI. Radioactive Isotopes In Clinical Medicine

    Section IV. Radiation Protection

    XL. General Principles and Materials

    XLI. Departmental Protection

    XLII. Protection Instruments and Personnel Monitoring

    Appendix I

    Appendix II

    Index






Product details

  • No. of pages: 608
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1968
  • Published: January 1, 1968
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483281377

About the Authors

W. J. Meredith

J. B. Massey

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