Fundamental Modelling of Membrane Systems - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128134832

Fundamental Modelling of Membrane Systems

1st Edition

Membrane and Process Performance

Editors: Patricia Alconero
Paperback ISBN: 9780128134832
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st May 2018
Page Count: 412
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Description

Fundamental Modelling of Membrane Systems: Membrane and Process Performance summarizes the state-of-the-art modeling approaches for all significant membrane processes, from molecular transport, to process level, helping researchers and students who carry out experimental research save time and accurately interpret experimental data. The book provides an overview of the different membrane technologies, handling micro-, ultra-, and nanofiltration, reverse and forward osmosis, pervaporation, gas permeation, liquid membranes, membrane contractors, bioreactors and ion-exchange systems. Examples of membrane system modeling based on several simulation technologies are included.

Key Features

  • Presents an accessible reference on how to model membranes and membrane processes
  • Provides a clear, mathematical description of mass transfer in membrane systems
  • Written by well-known, prominent authors in the field of membrane science

Readership

PhD students, researchers in academia and industry working in chemical engineering, biochemistry and environmental engineering

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

1.1. General overview of technologies

1.2. Kind of membranes and the implications in modelling

1.3. Diffusion and convection

1.4. Fluidodynamics and boundary layer

1.5. Polarization phenomena

 

2. Microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis and forward osmosis (Bart Van der Bruggen)

2.1. Process description and operating mode: MF / UF / NF / RO / FO

2.2. General overview of applications

2.3. System configuration

2.4. Hydraulic resistance

2.5. Modelling of microfiltration (MF)

2.6. Modelling of ultrafiltration (UF)

2.7. Modelling of nanofiltration (NF)

2.8. Modelling of reverse osmosis (RO)

2.9. Modelling of forward osmosis (FO)

 

3. Pervaporation (Patricia Luis)

3.1. Process description

3.2. General overview of applications

3.3. Transmembrane flux and separation factor

3.4. Permeance, permeability and selectivity

3.5. Mc-Cabe Thiele diagram

3.6. Coupling effects

 

4. Gas permeation and supported liquid membranes (Patricia Luis)

4.1. Process description

4.2. General overview of applications

4.3. Transmembrane flux and separation factor

4.4. Permeance, permeability and selectivity

4.5. Robeson upperbound

 

5. Membrane contactors (Patricia Luis)

5.1. Process description

5.2. General overview of applications

5.3. Film theory and resistance-in-series model

5.4. Gas-liquid systems

Membrane-based absorption

5.5.        Liquid-liquid-(solid) systems

Liquid-liquid extraction

Membrane distillation

Membrane crystallization              

 

6. Membrane bioreactors (Joao Crespo)

6.1. Process description

6.2. General overview of applications

6.3. Design of membrane bioreactors

Enzymatic membrane bioreactors

Microbial membrane bioreactors

Animal and plant cell bioreactors

6.4. Monitoring and control of membrane bioreactors

Off-line monitoring

On-line, real-time monitoring of membrane bioreactors

6.5. Modelling of membrane bioreactors

Mechanistic modelling approaches

Multivariate statistical analysis methods

Hybrid modelling

6.6 Conclusions and outlook

 

7. Ion exchange membrane systems – Electrodialysis (Bart Van der Bruggen)

7.1. Process description

7.2. General overview of applications

7.3. Calculation of selectivity in electrodialysis

7.4. Ion transport through ion exchange membranes

7.5. Other configurations of electrodriven membrane processes

 

8. Modelling of membrane systems using simulation environment (Aspen Engineering Suite, ProSim, ChemCAD, Excel, Matlab) (Patricia Luis)

8.1. Example 1

8.2. Example 2

8.3. Example 3

8.4. Example 4

8.5. Example 5

  8.6. Example 6

Details

No. of pages:
412
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2018
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
Paperback ISBN:
9780128134832

About the Editor

Patricia Alconero

Professor Patricia Luis Alconero holds a PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of Cantabria in Spain. Since 2010 she is researcher with KU Leuven in Belgium. Her research interests are the application of membrane-based technology in processes of interest in the chemical industry, CO2 capture and recovery using membrane contactors, separation of challenging mixtures using pervaporation, the study of vapor-liquid equilibrium and its effect in chemical processes and membrane synthesis, and the development of novel low-cost technology and its application in developing countries. She is Member of the Editorial Board of the journal Separation and Purification Technology, Member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Member of the EFCE (European Federation of Chemical Engineering) Section on Membrane Engineering, Member of the European Membrane Society, and Academic Member of the Athens Institute for Education and Research, belonging to the Environment Research Unit and the Industrial Engineering Research Unit.

Affiliations and Expertise

Materials and Process Engineering (iMMC-IMAP), Universite catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium