Fundamental Issues Critical to the Success of Nuclear Projects

Fundamental Issues Critical to the Success of Nuclear Projects

1st Edition - October 23, 2021

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  • Editor: Joseph Boucau
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081024737
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081024720

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Description

Fundamental Issues Critical to the Success of Nuclear Projects presents a complete analysis of the core considerations for those deploying nuclear power plants, managing existing plants, and also for those developing and building new plants. It includes critical considerations, such as cost-estimation, safety procedures, and regulatory compliance, manpower optimization and development, and the application of innovative technologies, such as the use of robotics. Those important issues have been addressed in a systematic way, and explanations have been provided on how the nuclear industry has continuously found solutions to mitigate and eventually solve them properly.

Key Features

  • Discusses innovative technologies being implemented in international nuclear plants to improve efficiency, safety, and cost-effectiveness in new, existing, and decommissioned nuclear power plants
  • Provides guidance on difficult cost estimation for nuclear projects, as well as safety procedures, legislation, and regulatory compliance both inside and outside of the United States
  • Considers the future of nuclear energy and analyses the challenges ahead for a sustainable nuclear energy future

Readership

Nuclear project managers, nuclear engineers, executives and researchers; engineering students in nuclear energy issues and project management; federal and state regulators; R&D managers; Quality Assurance inspectors; decommissioning and site clean-up managers

Table of Contents

  • Cover Image
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • In memory of Jas S. Devgun
  • Table of Contents
  • Contributors
  • Author biography
  • Preface
  • Part I Future of nuclear energy and challenges ahead
  • Chapter 1 Role of nuclear fission energy from past to future: Critical issues: Energy policy and market design, cost control, innovation and flexibility
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Nuclear fission energy: lessons from the past to feed the future
  • 1.3 A definition of social sustainability of energy encompassing the pillars of energy policy: environment protection, economics and affordability, security and reliability of supply
  • 1.4 The need to properly look at the costs - beyond LCOE: system costs and full costs
  • 1.5 What’s next: research and innovation is necessary: reducing costs and increasing flexibility for integration of nuclear with renewables, for the supply of power and heat
  • 1.6 Conclusion: necessary conditions for a sustainable nuclear energy future
  • References
  • Chapter 2 Overview of current status and future trends of nuclear power industry of the world
  • Abstract
  • Nomenclature
  • Subscripts
  • Abbreviations
  • 2.1 Statistics on electricity generation in the world and selected countries
  • 2.2 Modern nuclear-power reactors and nuclear power plants: advantages and issues
  • 2.3 Small modular reactors (SMRs)
  • 2.4 Economic and competitiveness issues for future nuclear power plants
  • 2.5 Conclusions
  • Appendix 2A
  • References
  • Part II Cost estimating for nuclear projects
  • Chapter 3 International guidance on decommissioning cost structure and its practical implementation
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Purpose and structure of ISDC
  • 3.3 Content of principal activities of ISDC
  • 3.4 ISDC cost categories
  • 3.5 Distribution of ISDC 01 to 11 items and the ISDC cost presentation format
  • 3.6 Practical implementation of the ISDC
  • 3.7 Outline of ISDC future
  • 3.8 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Part III Safety, procedures and regulatory compliance
  • Chapter 4 Procedures at nuclear sites
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Procedures for nuclear power projects and nuclear sites
  • 4.3 Other procedures
  • 4.4 Procedures for research facilities
  • 4.5 Procedures at decommissioning sites
  • 4.6 Document and data control
  • 4.7 Training program and procedures
  • 4.8 Challenges and lessons learned - Specific Examples
  • 4.9 Future trends
  • 4.10 Sources of further information
  • 4.11 Disclaimer
  • References
  • Chapter 5 Severe accidents and lessons learned: design and organizational factors perspective after Fukushima
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Overview of national post-Fukushima requirements in several countries
  • 5.3 Prevention of SSCs (Structures, systems and components) failures against external events (long-term evaluation)
  • 5.4 Measures to prevent CCFs (Common-Cause Failures)
  • 5.5 Prevention of severe accidents
  • 5.6 Mitigation of severe accidents and severe accidents management guidelines (SAMGs) and its integration with EDMGs and EOPs
  • 5.7 Emergency preparedness (EP) regulatory actions
  • 5.8 Use of probabilistic safety assessment (PSA)
  • 5.9 Decommissioning
  • 5.10 Conclusions
  • References
  • Part IV Technology applications in support of nuclear projects
  • Chapter 6 New build deployment challenges and resolution
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Nuclear power plant design evolution
  • 6.3 Reactor technology licensing and construction permitting
  • 6.4 Nuclear supply chain for the nuclear renaissance
  • 6.5 New plant construction
  • 6.6 New nuclear project development
  • 6.7 Challenges and resolution case study: Westinghouse’s AP1000 plant
  • 6.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 7 Technologies in support of reactor dismantling
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Reactor dismantling
  • 7.3 Segmentation techniques
  • 7.4 Preparation of segmentation work
  • 7.5 Comparison of cutting methods for decommissioning applications
  • 7.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Advanced methodologies in support of the development of innovative technologies in nuclear projects
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Complex systems and emergent behavior
  • 8.3 Human-Machine symbiosis
  • 8.4 Augmented intelligence in nuclear science
  • 8.5 Future trends
  • References
  • Part V Nuclear manpower deployment, optimized organization and development
  • Chapter 9 Managing uncertainty in civil nuclear projects
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Uncertainty in projects – a theoretical overview
  • 9.3 The research and the projects
  • 9.4 Identifying, analyzing and acting in the presence of project uncertainty – three conceptual approaches adopted by project management practitioners
  • 9.5 Comparing our findings with the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) – traits of a healthy nuclear safety culture
  • 9.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 10 Nuclear manpower issues for new and existing projects
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 The ecosystem towards a nuclear skills base
  • 10.3 The ecosystem
  • 10.4 Projected needs for expertise in the nearby future
  • 10.5 Ongoing initiatives regarding skilled manpower assurance and development
  • 10.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 11 Transition to decommissioning
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 General decommissioning planning
  • 11.3 Regulatory submittals
  • 11.4 Communications
  • 11.5 Human resource management
  • 11.6 Historical site assessment (HSA) and initial site characterization
  • 11.7 Full system chemical decontamination
  • 11.8 De-energizing and repowering
  • 11.9 Flammable material removal and transition to incipient fire brigade (IFB)
  • 11.10 Spent fuel management
  • 11.11 Hot spot removal/reduction
  • 11.12 Asbestos insulation removal
  • 11.13 Dismantling and/or release of non-radioactive systems and buildings
  • 11.14 Other transition activities
  • 11.15 Conclusions
  • References
  • Part VI Stakeholder role in nuclear projects
  • Chapter 12 Challenges to probabilistic risk assessment of nuclear power plants
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 International project on innovative nuclear reactors and fuel cycles (INPRO) methodology
  • 12.3 Challenges
  • 12.4 Reactor safety and accident analysis
  • 12.5 Traditional approach to probabilistic risk assessment
  • 12.6 Event tree and fault tree analysis overview
  • 12.7 ETA/FTA methods and probabilistic risk assessment
  • 12.8 Failure rate analysis
  • 12.9 Challenges and limitations of the fta and eta methods
  • 12.10 Future research and development
  • 12.12 Application of pra methods to future generations of nuclear reactor technologies
  • 12.12 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 13 Developing and maintaining organizational culture for nuclear sites
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Safety culture
  • 13.3 Security culture
  • 13.4 Synergies between safety and security culture
  • 13.5 Safeguards culture
  • 13.6 Organizational culture
  • 13.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 392
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2021
  • Published: October 23, 2021
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081024737
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081024720

About the Editor

Joseph Boucau

Joseph Boucau received an engineering master’s degree from the University of Mons (Belgium). He joined Westinghouse in 1981 in the nuclear safety engineering department with increased responsibilities. He then moved to marketing and customer project management with some large assignments and a wide spectrum of activities. He led a growth initiative for decommissioning and dismantling, which received some significant awards, and was recently appointed Vice President of Decommissioning and Dismantling Business Development with global oversight on decommissioning, decontamination, remediation, and waste management services.

Affiliations and Expertise

Vice President of Decommissioning and Dismantling Business Development at Westinghouse Electric Company

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