Functional Textiles for Improved Performance, Protection and Health - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781845697235, 9780857092878

Functional Textiles for Improved Performance, Protection and Health

1st Edition

Editors: N Pan G. Sun
eBook ISBN: 9780857092878
Hardcover ISBN: 9781845697235
Paperback ISBN: 9780081017067
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 21st June 2011
Page Count: 552
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Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles


Part I: Functional textiles and clothing for improved performance and protection

Chapter 1: Improved textile functionality through surface modifications


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Types of surface modification

1.3 Physical and chemical characterization of surface modifications

1.4 Applications for functional textiles

1.5 Future trends

Chapter 2: Antistatic and conductive textiles


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Principles of antistatic and conductive textiles

2.3 The role of antistatic and conductive textiles

2.4 Types of antistatic and conductive textiles

2.5 Evaluation of antistatic and conductive textiles

2.6 Future trends

2.7 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 3: Ultraviolet protection of clothing


3.1 Introduction

3.2 In vitro and in vivo testing of the UV protection factor

3.3 Standards for sun-protective clothing

3.4 Type and construction of fabric

3.5 Fabric color, dyes and UV absorbers

3.6 Effects of environment and fabric use on UV protection factor

3.7 Conclusions and outlook

Chapter 4: 3D body imaging and fit for functional textiles


4.1 Introduction

4.2 3D body imaging – stereovision

4.3 Surface modeling

4.4 Virtual dressing

4.5 Sewability and fit assessment

4.6 Future trends

4.7 Acknowledgement

Chapter 5: Flame retardant functional textiles


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Factors affecting flammability and thermal behavior of textile fibers and fabrics

5.3 Types, chemistry and mode of action of flame retardant additives

5.4 Flame retardation of textile materials

5.5 Environmental issues related to flame retardants

5.6 Test standards for flame retardant textiles

Chapter 6: Functional shape memory textiles


6.1 Introduction

6.2 Shape memory mechanisms of SMAs

6.3 Applications of SMAs in textiles

6.4 Shape memory mechanisms of SMPs

6.5 Applications of SMPs in textiles

6.6 Future trends

Chapter 7: Thermo-regulating textiles with phase-change materials


7.1 Introduction

7.2 Concept of thermal comfort and clothing for cold environments

7.3 How PCMs work

7.4 Thermo-physiological comfort for PCM incorporated textiles

7.5 Different types of PCMs

7.6 Incorporation of PCM in textile structure

7.7 Applications of PCM incorporated textiles

7.8 Challenges of PCM in textiles

7.9 Acknowledgement

Chapter 8: Infrared functional textiles


8.1 Introduction and overview

8.2 Principles of IR

8.3 FIR therapy

8.4 The role of FIR in relation to functional textiles

8.5 Applications

8.6 Benefits and limitations

8.7 Conclusions and future trends

8.9 Acknowledgements

Chapter 9: Functional smart textiles using stimuli-sensitive polymers


9.1 Introduction

9.2 Stimuli-sensitive polymers

9.3 Drawbacks and limitations of current SSP/hydrogels

9.4 Smart functional textiles

9.5 Conclusions

Chapter 10: Development and design of performance swimwear


10.1 Introduction

10.2 Development of performance swimwear

10.3 Biomechanics of swimming

10.4 Effect of innovative swimwear on swimming performance

10.5 Future trends in innovative performance swimwear

10.6 Sources of further information and advice

10.7 Acknowledgements

Chapter 11: Key elements of protection for military textiles


11.1 Introduction

11.2 Camouflage

11.3 Ballistics

11.4 Toxic chemicals

11.5 Conclusions

Chapter 12: Developments in clothing protection technology


12.1 Introduction

12.2 Key issues of protective clothing

12.3 Developments in clothing protection

12.4 Future trends

Part II: Functional textiles for improved medical and health purposes

Chapter 13: New developments in functional medical textiles and their mechanism of action


13.1 Introduction

13.2 Extracorporeals and implantables

13.3 Structure and composition: role of functionality in implantables

13.4 The role of biomolecules in conferring bioactive function

13.5 Non-implantables: wound dressings, pressure ulcers, hemorrhage control

Chapter 14: Improving superhydrophobic coatings for textiles through chemical modifications


14.1 Introduction

14.2 Key principles of superhydrophobic textiles

14.3 Chemical modifications for fabricating rough surfaces on textiles

14.4 Hydrophobization for lowering the surface energy of roughened textiles

14.5 Nanoscaled coating of materials with low surface energy

14.6 Applications

14.7 Future trends

Chapter 15: Improving superhydrophobic textile materials


15.1 Introduction

15.2 Physical modification for superhydrophobic textiles

15.3 Applications

15.4 Future trends

Chapter 16: Antibacterial textile materials for medical applications


16.1 Introduction

16.2 Principles of antimicrobial textiles

16.3 The development of antibacterial textiles

16.4 Performance of antibacterial textiles

16.5 New antimicrobial technologies

16.6 Applications of antimicrobial textiles

16.7 Future trends

16.8 Acknowledgments

Chapter 17: Antibacterial colorants for textiles


17.1 Introduction

17.2 Synthetic antibacterial colorants

17.3 Natural antimicrobial colorants

17.4 Antimicrobial colorants from micro-organisms

17.5 Photo-activated antimicrobial colorants

Chapter 18: Pyrethroid-laden textiles for protection from biting insects


18.1 Introduction

18.2 Key issues of insecticide-laden textiles

18.3 Factory-produced LLINs and textiles for protection from biting insects

18.4 In situ treatment of bednets and other textiles to enable protection from biting insects

18.5 Future trends

18.6 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 19: Improving the functionality of clothing through novel pesticide protection


19.1 Introduction to human exposure

19.2 Mechanisms for chemical protection

19.3 Development of novel pesticide-protective clothing

Chapter 20: Biomechanics in skin/clothing interactions


20.1 Introduction

20.2 An explicit finite element model of skin/sleeve interactions during arm rotation

20.3 Skin friction blistering: computer model

Chapter 21: Transdermal permeation of textile dyes and chemicals


21.1 Introduction

21.2 Key issues of textile dyes/chemicals and skin irritations

21.3 An in vitro study of transdermal drug permeation

21.4 Stochastic modeling for transdermal drug delivery

21.5 Conclusion



The textile industry is increasingly based on ongoing innovation and development of higher performance products, and the field of functional textiles is no exception. This book explores the development of textiles with a wide range of functions, with the aim of improving the performance of the product in terms of the protection and health benefits that it can offer.

The book is split into two parts. Part one focuses on functional textiles for improved performance and protection, with chapters reviewing antistatic, flame retardant and infrared functional textiles, among many others. Chapters in part two examine the uses of functional textiles in a medical context, including superhydrophobic materials, antibacterial textiles and insect-repellent materials.

With its distinguished editors and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, Functional textiles for improved performance, protection and health is invaluable for textile scientists, technologists and engineers as well as those designing and manufacturing textiles. It is also a suitable reference for the academic sector.

Key Features

  • Examines the use of functional textiles in a medical context, including superhydrophobic materials, antibacterial textiles and insect-repellent materials
  • Topics range from textile chemicals and their interaction with skin to novel pesticide protective clothing
  • Considers anti-ultraviolet protection of clothing and flame retardant textiles


Textile scientists, technologists and engineers as well as those designing and manufacturing textiles. It is also a suitable reference for the academic sector.


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© Woodhead Publishing 2011
Woodhead Publishing
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About the Editors

N Pan Editor

Dr Ning Pan is a Professor at the University of California, Davis, in the Division of Textiles and Clothing and the Department of Biological/Agricultural Engineering. He has published widely in the areas of mechanics and physics of fibrous materials, and is a Fellow of both ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) and the Textile Institute.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of California

G. Sun Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Aston, Birmingham, UK