Description

Global demand for low cost, efficient and sustainable energy production is ever increasing. Driven by recent discoveries and innovation in the science and technology of materials, applications based on functional materials are becoming increasingly important. Functional materials for sustainable energy applications provides an essential guide to the development and application of these materials in sustainable energy production.

Part one reviews functional materials for solar power, including silicon-based, thin-film, and dye sensitized photovoltaic solar cells, thermophotovoltaic device modelling and photoelectrochemical cells. Part two focuses on functional materials for hydrogen production and storage. Functional materials for fuel cells are then explored in part three where developments in membranes, catalysts and membrane electrode assemblies for polymer electrolyte and direct methanol fuel cells are discussed, alongside electrolytes and ion conductors, novel cathodes, anodes, thin films and proton conductors for solid oxide fuel cells. Part four considers functional materials for demand reduction and energy storage, before the book concludes in part five with an investigation into computer simulation studies of functional materials.

With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Functional materials for sustainable energy applications is an indispensable tool for anyone involved in the research, development, manufacture and application of materials for sustainable energy production, including materials engineers, scientists and academics in the rapidly developing, interdisciplinary field of sustainable energy.

Key Features

  • An essential guide to the development and application of functional materials in sustainable energy production
  • Reviews functional materials for solar power
  • Focuses on functional materials for hydrogen production and storage, fuel cells, demand reduction and energy storage

Readership

Materials engineers, PV/H2/FC/thin fim/nanotechnology researchers, developers and manufacturers; researchers, scientists and academics in this field; anyone involved or interested in functional materials science or research and development

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

Preface

Part I: Functional materials for solar power

Chapter 1: Silicon-based photovoltaic solar cells

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Polysilicon production

1.3 Crystallisation and wafering

1.4 Solar cells: materials issues and cell architectures

1.5 Conclusions

Chapter 2: Photovoltaic (PV) thin-films for solar cells

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Amorphous silicon thin-film photovoltaic (PV)

2.3 Cadmium telluride thin-film PV

2.4 Copper indium diselenide thin-film PV

2.5 Materials sustainability

2.6 Future trends

2.7 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 3: Rapid, low-temperature processing of dye-sensitized solar cells

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction to dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs)

3.2 Manufacturing issues

3.3 Sensitization

3.4 Electrodes

3.5 Electrolyte

3.6 Quality control (QC)/lifetime testing

3.7 Conclusions and future trends

3.8 Acknowledgements

Chapter 4: Thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices: introduction and modelling

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction to thermophotovoltaics (TPVs)

4.2 Practical TPV cell performance

4.3 Modelling TPV cells

4.4 Tandem TPV cells

4.5 Conclusions

Chapter 5: Photoelectrochemical cells for hydrogen generation

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Photoelectrochemical cells: principles and energetics

5.3 Photoelectrochemical cell configurations and efficiency considerations

5.4 Semiconductor photoanodes: material challenges

5.5 Semiconductor photocathodes: material challenges

5.6 Advances in photochemical cell materials and design

5.7 Interfacial reaction kinetics

5.8 Future trends

5.9 Acknowledgement

Details

No. of pages:
708
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
Electronic ISBN:
9780857096371
Print ISBN:
9780857090591
Print ISBN:
9780081016213

About the editors

J A Kilner

John Kilner is B. C. H. Steele Professor of Energy Materials at Imperial College London, UK.

S J Skinner

Stephen Skinner is Reader in Materials Chemistry at Imperial College London, UK.

S J C Irvine

Stuart Irvine is Research Professor in Opto-electronic Materials for Solar Energy at Glyndwr University, UK.

P P Edwards

Peter Edwards is Professor and Head of Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Oxford, UK.