Functional Materials for Sustainable Energy Applications

Functional Materials for Sustainable Energy Applications

1st Edition - September 28, 2012
This is the Latest Edition
  • Editors: J A Kilner, S J Skinner, S J C Irvine, P P Edwards
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081016213
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096371

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Description

Global demand for low cost, efficient and sustainable energy production is ever increasing. Driven by recent discoveries and innovation in the science and technology of materials, applications based on functional materials are becoming increasingly important. Functional materials for sustainable energy applications provides an essential guide to the development and application of these materials in sustainable energy production.Part one reviews functional materials for solar power, including silicon-based, thin-film, and dye sensitized photovoltaic solar cells, thermophotovoltaic device modelling and photoelectrochemical cells. Part two focuses on functional materials for hydrogen production and storage. Functional materials for fuel cells are then explored in part three where developments in membranes, catalysts and membrane electrode assemblies for polymer electrolyte and direct methanol fuel cells are discussed, alongside electrolytes and ion conductors, novel cathodes, anodes, thin films and proton conductors for solid oxide fuel cells. Part four considers functional materials for demand reduction and energy storage, before the book concludes in part five with an investigation into computer simulation studies of functional materials.With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Functional materials for sustainable energy applications is an indispensable tool for anyone involved in the research, development, manufacture and application of materials for sustainable energy production, including materials engineers, scientists and academics in the rapidly developing, interdisciplinary field of sustainable energy.

Key Features

  • An essential guide to the development and application of functional materials in sustainable energy production
  • Reviews functional materials for solar power
  • Focuses on functional materials for hydrogen production and storage, fuel cells, demand reduction and energy storage

Readership

Materials engineers, PV/H2/FC/thin fim/nanotechnology researchers, developers and manufacturers; researchers, scientists and academics in this field; anyone involved or interested in functional materials science or research and development

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

    Preface

    Part I: Functional materials for solar power

    Chapter 1: Silicon-based photovoltaic solar cells

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Polysilicon production

    1.3 Crystallisation and wafering

    1.4 Solar cells: materials issues and cell architectures

    1.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 2: Photovoltaic (PV) thin-films for solar cells

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Amorphous silicon thin-film photovoltaic (PV)

    2.3 Cadmium telluride thin-film PV

    2.4 Copper indium diselenide thin-film PV

    2.5 Materials sustainability

    2.6 Future trends

    2.7 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 3: Rapid, low-temperature processing of dye-sensitized solar cells

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction to dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs)

    3.2 Manufacturing issues

    3.3 Sensitization

    3.4 Electrodes

    3.5 Electrolyte

    3.6 Quality control (QC)/lifetime testing

    3.7 Conclusions and future trends

    3.8 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 4: Thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices: introduction and modelling

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction to thermophotovoltaics (TPVs)

    4.2 Practical TPV cell performance

    4.3 Modelling TPV cells

    4.4 Tandem TPV cells

    4.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 5: Photoelectrochemical cells for hydrogen generation

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Photoelectrochemical cells: principles and energetics

    5.3 Photoelectrochemical cell configurations and efficiency considerations

    5.4 Semiconductor photoanodes: material challenges

    5.5 Semiconductor photocathodes: material challenges

    5.6 Advances in photochemical cell materials and design

    5.7 Interfacial reaction kinetics

    5.8 Future trends

    5.9 Acknowledgements

    5.11 Appendix: abbreviations

    Part II: Functional materials for hydrogen production and storage

    Chapter 6: Reversible solid oxide electrolytic cells for large-scale energy storage: challenges and opportunities

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction to reversible solid oxide cells

    6.2 Operating principles and functional materials

    6.3 Degradation mechanisms in solid oxide electrolysis cells

    6.4 Research needs and opportunities

    6.5 Summary and conclusions

    Chapter 7: Membranes, adsorbent materials and solvent-based materials for syngas and hydrogen separation

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 H2-selective membrane materials

    7.3 CO2-selective membrane materials

    7.4 Adsorbent materials for H2/CO2 separation

    7.5 Solvent-based materials for H2/CO2 separation

    7.6 Future trends

    7.7 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 8: Functional materials for hydrogen storage

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Hydrogen storage with metal hydrides: an introduction

    8.3 Hydrogen storage with interstitial hydrides, AlH3 and MgH2

    8.4 Hydrogen storage with complex metal hydrides

    8.5 Hydrogen storage using other chemical systems

    8.6 Hydrogen storage with porous materials and nanoconfined materials

    8.7 Applications of hydrogen storage

    8.8 Conclusions

    Part III: Functional materials for fuel cells

    Chapter 9: The role of the fuel in the operation, performance and degradation of fuel cells

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Thermodynamics of fuel cell operation and the effect of fuel on performance

    9.3 Hydrocarbon fuels and fuel processing

    9.4 Methanol

    9.5 Other fuels

    9.6 Deleterious effects of fuels on fuel cell performance

    9.7 Conclusions

    9.8 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 10: Membrane electrode assemblies for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Requirements for membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs)

    10.3 Porous backing layer materials

    10.4 Membrane materials

    10.5 MEA electrode catalyst layer

    10.6 MEA performance

    10.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 11: Developments in membranes, catalysts and membrane electrode assemblies for direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs)

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Historica! development and technical challenges

    11.3 Methanol oxidation reaction catalysts

    11.4 Oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts

    11.5 Proton exchange membranes

    11.6 Membrane electrode assembly (MEA) fabrication and structure

    11.7 Conclusions and future trends

    11.8 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 12: Electrolytes and ion conductors for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs)

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Oxide ion conduction

    12.3 Electrolyte materials for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs)

    12.4 Preparation and characterization of electrolyte materials for SOFCs

    12.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 13: Novel cathodes for solid oxide fuel cells

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 The oxygen reduction reaction in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) and implications for cathode materials

    13.3 Conventional cathode materials: perovskitetype oxides

    13.4 Innovative cathode materials: structural aspects of 2D non-stoichiometric perovskite-related oxides

    13.5 Comparative transport properties and electrochemical performances of 2D non-stoichiometric oxides

    13.6 Ln2NiO4 + δ oxides: innovative and flexible materials for air electrodes of protonic ceramic fuel cells (PCFCs) and electrolyzers

    13.7 Prospective conclusions

    Chapter 14: Novel anode materials for solid oxide fuel cells

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Requirements for solid oxide fuel cell anode materials

    14.3 Cermet solid oxide fuel cell anode materials

    14.4 Perovskite-structured solid oxide fuel cell anode materials

    14.5 Other oxide anode materials

    14.6 Non-oxide anode materials

    14.7 Poisoning of solid oxide fuel cell anode materials

    14.8 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 15: Thin-film solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) materials

    Abstract:

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Electrolytes

    15.3 Anode materials

    15.4 Cathode materials

    15.5 Device structures

    15.6 Conclusions

    15.7 Acknowledgments

    15.9 Appendix: glossary

    Chapter 16: Proton conductors for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs)

    Abstract:

    16.1 The proton conduction mechanism in high-temperature proton conductor (HTPC) electrolytes

    16.2 Reaction processes at the electrode/electrolyte when using HTPC electrolytes

    16.3 HTPC: the state of the art and challenges

    16.4 Electrodes for HTPC electrolytes: the state of the art and challenges

    16.5 Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) based on HTPC electrolytes: current status and future perspectives

    16.6 Conclusions

    Part IV: Functional materials for demand reduction and energy storage

    Chapter 17: Materials and techniques for energy harvesting

    Abstract:

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Theory of motion energy harvesting

    17.3 Piezoelectric harvesting

    17.4 Electrostatic harvesting

    17.5 Thermoelectric harvesting

    17.6 Electromagnetic energy harvesting from motion

    17.7 Suspension materials for motion energy harvesting

    Chapter 18: Lithium batteries: current technologies and future trends

    Abstract:

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Lithium-ion batteries

    18.3 Safety of lithium-ion batteries

    18.4 Energy density of lithium-ion batteries

    18.5 Future trends

    18.6 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 19: Rare-earth magnets: properties, processing and applications

    Abstract:

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Properties of permanent magnetic materials

    19.3 Improving the properties of permanent magnetic materials

    19.4 Processing of permanent magnets

    19.5 Properties of commercially manufactured permanent magnets

    19.6 Applications of permanent magnet materials

    Part V: Appendix

    Atomic-scale computer simulation of functional materials: methodologies and applications

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 708
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: September 28, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081016213
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096371
  • About the Editors

    J A Kilner

    John Kilner is B. C. H. Steele Professor of Energy Materials at Imperial College London, UK.

    S J Skinner

    Stephen Skinner is Reader in Materials Chemistry at Imperial College London, UK.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Imperial College

    S J C Irvine

    Stuart Irvine is Research Professor in Opto-electronic Materials for Solar Energy at Glyndwr University, UK.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Glyndwr University

    P P Edwards

    Peter Edwards is Professor and Head of Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Oxford, UK.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    University of Oxford, UK