Fuels, Furnaces and Refractories - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080204307, 9781483151977

Fuels, Furnaces and Refractories

1st Edition

International Series on Materials Science and Technology

Authors: J. D. Gilchrist
Editors: R. W. Douglas
eBook ISBN: 9781483151977
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1977
Page Count: 368
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Description

Fuels, Furnaces and Refractories focuses on the sources and efficient use of energy available to modern industry. This book begins with the classification, properties, tests, and different kinds of fuels, as well as trends in fuel utilization. This text also tackles the generation and distribution of electricity from both chemical and nuclear energy sources. Subsequent chapters focus on the thermodynamics, physics, chemistry, and kinetics of combustion of fuels; the burner design; the heat transfer and flow of gases through furnaces and flues; and ways of controlling energy supply rates and temperatures. The refractory materials, which are heat-resisting substances, are also described.

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

Part I: Fuels

Chapter 1: Classification of Fuels

Publisher Summary

Chapter 2: Properties and Tests

Publisher Summary

Chemical Composition

Calorific Value

Chapter 3: Coal

Publisher Summary

Origins

Classification

Preparation

Storage

Uses

Chapter 4: Carbonization

Publisher Summary

Types of Process

Products and Yields

Chapter 5: Coke

Publisher Summary

Classification

Properties and Tests

Chapter 6: Gaseous Fuels

Publisher Summary

Classification

Production

Properties and Uses

Chapter 7: Liquid Fuels

Publisher Summary

Classification

Production

Special Tests on Liquid Fuels

Properties and Uses

Oil Fuel for Transport

Chapter 8: Electrical Energy

Publisher Summary

Sources of Power

Nuclear Energy

Production

Distribution

Chapter 9: Trends in Fuel Utilization

Publisher Summary

Reserves

Part II: Furnaces

Chapter 10: The Evolution of Heat

Publisher Summary

Flame Temperature

Available Heat

The “Virtue” of Energy

Chapter 11: The Combustion of Fuel

Publisher Summary

Solid Fuel Beds

Pulverized Fuel

Oil

Gas

Reactions in the Flame

Controlled Atmospheres

Chapter 12: The Conversion of Electrical Energy to Heat

Publisher Summary

Chapter 13: Heat Transfer

Publisher Summary

Conduction

Natural Convection

Forced Convection

Radiation

Chapter 14: Thermal Efficiency

Publisher Summary

Waste Heat

Recuperators

Regenerators

Muffles

Heat Balances

Chapter 15: Furnace Aerodynamics

Publisher Summary

Chapter 16: Furnace Construction

Publisher Summary

Chapter 17: Classification of Furnaces

Publisher Summary

Class 1—Crucible Furnaces

Class 2—Hearth Furnaces

Class 3—Shaft Furnaces

Class 4—Retorts

Class 5—Converters

Class 6—Sintering Machines

Class 7—Some Miscellaneous Furnaces

Class 8—Boiler Plant

Chapter 18: Laboratory Furnaces

Publisher Summary

Part III: Refractories

Chapter 19: Classification of Refractories

Publisher Summary

Chapter 20: Properties and Testing

Publisher Summary

Chapter 21: Manufacture of Refractories

Publisher Summary

Chapter 22: Alumino-Silicate Refractories

Publisher Summary

The Alumina-silica System

Firebricks

Origins and Properties of Fireclays

Manufacture of Firebricks

Properties and Uses of Firebricks

High Alumina Bricks

Chapter 23: Silica Bricks

Publisher Summary

Allotropy in Silica

Manufacture

Properties and Uses

Chapter 24: Magnesite-Chromite Refractories

Publisher Summary

Magnesite

Properties and Uses

Dolomite

Manufacture

Properties and Uses

Forsterite

Chromite

Properties and Uses

Chrome Magnesite and Magnesite Chrome

Chapter 25: Carbon

Publisher Summary

Chapter 26: Insulating Refractories

Publisher Summary

Chapter 27: Special Refractories

Publisher Summary

Part IV: Instrumentation

Chapter 28: Pyrometry and Control

Publisher Summary

Pyrometry

Gas Analysis

Fluid Flow Measurement

Control

Electronic Instrumentation

Appendix

Bibliography

Index

Details

No. of pages:
368
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1977
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483151977

About the Author

J. D. Gilchrist

About the Editor

R. W. Douglas

Ratings and Reviews