Fuels and Fuel Technology

Fuels and Fuel Technology

A Summarized Manual in Two Volumes

1st Edition - January 1, 1965

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  • Author: Wilfrid Francis
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483182261

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Description

Fuels and Fuel Technology, Volume One: A Summarized Manual provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of fuels and fuel technology. This book presents a reasonably accurate summary of the existing knowledge and literature relating to fuel technology. Organized into two sections encompassing 72 data sheets, this volume begins with an overview of fuels as organic combustible substances used mainly or solely for the production of useful heat that are divided into three classes, namely, solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels. This text then examines the main chemical components of wood. This book discusses as well the commercial production of peat. The final section deals with the calculations of theoretical and actual air requirements, dry and wet flue gases, and carbon dioxide in flue gases. This book is a valuable resource for chemists and fuel technologists. Students who are interested to obtain a qualification in the subject of fuels or fuel technology will also find this book useful.

Table of Contents


  • Volume I

    Preface

    List of Illustrations

    Section A: Solid Fuels

    Data Sheet Number 1 Definitions and Units

    2 Wood

    3 Peat

    4 Lignites and Sub-bituminous Coals

    5 The Origin of Coal

    6 The Classification of Coals

    7 Petrology and Chemical Composition

    8 Coal—Relationship Between Carbon, Hydrogen, Volatile Matter, and Calorific Value

    9 Coalfields of Great Britain and World Resources

    10 Coal Preparation—Grading and Crushing

    11 Coal Preparation—Mechanical Cleaning—Theory

    12 Coal Preparation—Mechanical Cleaning—Types of Plant

    13 Coal Cleaning—Representation of Washer Performance

    14 The Storage of Coal—Oxidation and Spontaneous Combustion

    15 Combustion Calculations—Coal and Oil

    16 Combustion of Coal on Grates

    17 Combustion of Coal without Grates

    18 Mineral Impurities in Coal—Ash and Clinker Formation

    19 Impurities in Coal—Boiler Availability

    20 Natural and Artificial Draught

    21 Solid Fuels made from Coal—Briquettes

    Data Sheet Number 22 The Carbonization of Coal in Laboratory Apparatus

    23 Solid Fuels Derived from Coal—Low Temperature Coke

    24 Solid Fuels Derived from Coal—High Temperature Coke

    25 Physical and Chemical Properties of Cokes

    26 Effect of Coal and Process Variables on Coke Properties

    27 Choice of Solid Fuels for Specific Purposes

    28 Methods for the Examination of Coal and Coke

    29 Determination of the Calorific Value of Coal, Coke and Oil

    30 The Clean Air Act, 1956

    31 A National Fuels Policy

    Section B: Liquid Fuels

    51 Definitions—Units—Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry

    52 Petroleum Oils—the Origin and Nature of Crude Petroleum

    53 Petroleum Oils—Preliminary Treatment and Distillation

    54 Petroleum Oils—Cracking and Refining Processes

    55 Petroleum Oils—Reforming Processes

    56 Anti-knock Rating and Octane Numbers

    57 Diesel Fuels—Cetane Numbers

    58 Gasolines—Properties and Specifications

    59 Kerosenes—Properties and Specifications

    60 Diesel Fuels—Gas Oils—Specifications

    61 Fuel Oils—Properties and Specifications

    62 Test Methods for Petroleum Products

    63 Oil Products Derived from Coal—Motor Benzole

    64 Oil Products Derived from Coal—Coal Tar Fuels

    65 Liquid Fuels Derived from Coal—Hydrogenation Products

    66 Liquid Fuels Derived from Coal—Synthesis—the Fischer—Tropsch Process

    67 Other Oil Fuels—Shale Oils—Alcohols

    68 The Combustion of Fuel Oils—Kerosine

    69 The Combustion of Fuel Oils—Furnace Oil Burners

    70 The Combustion of Furnace Oils—Ancillary equipment

    71 Combustion of Fuel Oils—Applications

    72 Combustion Data on Oil Fuels

    Volume II

    Preface

    List of Illustrations

    Section C: Gaseous Fuels

    Data Sheet Number 101 Classification, Properties and Units

    102 Natural Gas

    103 Gases Produced by the Carbonization of Solid Fuels

    104 Coal Gas—Types of Plant

    105 The Recovery of By-Products from Coal Gas—Summary of Yields of Products by Carbonization of Coal

    106 The Gasification of Coal—Producer Gas and Blast Furnace Gas

    107 The Gasification of Coal—Blue Water Gas

    108 The Combined Gasification of Coal and Oil—Carburetted Water Gas

    109 Lurgi Pressure Gasification of Coal

    110 The Gasification of Oils

    111 Reforming Petroleum Gases for Town Gas

    112 Synthesis of Methane

    113 Bottled Gases (Liquefied Petroleum Gases)

    114 Fuel Gas Cleaning and Purification

    115 Combustion Calculations—Gaseous Fuels

    116 Mode of Combustion of Gases and Vapours

    117 Fuel Gas Burners

    118 Domestic Applications—Space and Central Heating

    119 Industrial Applications

    120 Metering and Distribution of Gas

    121 Measurement of the Calorific Value of Town Gas

    122 Analysis of Flue and Fuel Gases

    123 Trends in the Gas Industry of Great Britain

    Section D: Fuel Technology

    Data Sheet Number 151 Choice of Fuels—Technical and Economic Considerations—Specifications

    152 Central and Space Heating—General

    153 Properties of Steam—Introduction

    154 Work done by Steam—Introduction

    155 First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics—Thermal Cycles

    156 Pass-Out and Back Pressure Turbines—the Throttling Calorimeter

    157 Industrial Boilers

    158 Boilers—Auxiliary Plant

    159 Boiler Waters—Feed Water Treatment

    160 Heat Balances—Boilers

    161 Properties of Metals—Testing—Resistance to Heat and Corrosion

    162 The External Corrosion of Boiler Plant Metals

    163 The Flow of Fluids

    164 Measurement of Fluid Flow

    165 The Transfer of Heat

    166 Supplementary Calculations

    167 Refractories

    168 Thermal Insulation—Lagging

    169 Furnaces

    170 Heat Balances—Furnaces

    171 Control of Atmosphere in Metallurgical Furnaces

    172 Atmospheric Pollution

    173 Prevention of Atmospheric Pollution by Industrial Gases

    174 The Gas Turbine

    175 Instruments—Measuring

    176 Instrumentation—Automatic Control

    177 Electro-Technology Applied to Fuel Technology

    178 Waste Heat Boilers

    179 Mass Transfer in Distillation and Drying

    180 Single- and Multiple-Effect Evaporators

Product details

  • No. of pages: 366
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 2013
  • Published: January 1, 1965
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483182261

About the Author

Wilfrid Francis

About the Editors

M. W. Thring

D. C. Rhys Jones

T. F. Gaskell

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