Fuel Property Estimation and Combustion Process Characterization - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128134733

Fuel Property Estimation and Combustion Process Characterization

1st Edition

Conventional Fuels, Biomass, Biocarbon, Waste Fuels, Refuse Derived Fuel, and Other Alternative Fuels

Authors: Yen-Hsiung Kiang
Paperback ISBN: 9780128134733
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st February 2018
Page Count: 416
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Fuel Property Estimation and Combustion Process Characterization: Conventional Fuels, Biomass, Biocarbon, Waste Fuels, Refuse Derived Fuel, and Other Alternative Fuels provides readers with the most up-to-date and valuable methodologies for improving efficiency and cost-effectiveness from waste and biomass. Kiang’s experience of developing equations and methodologies that readily obtain reasonable properties of wastes and biomass provides guidance for designers and operators, ensuring that design, operation and diagnostics of waste and biomass combustion systems is of the highest quality and optimum efficiency. Professionals and researchers in the renewable energy and mechanical engineering fields will find this information helpful and applicable in industry.

Key Features

  • Presents data on several types of waste and biomass for quick, onsite estimation of their combustion properties
  • Offers information on the properties of alternative and traditional fuels and empirical equations that can be directly used to calculate combustion parameters for designing and deploying combustion, gasification and pyrolysis systems
  • Examines the fundamentals of combustion as applied to energy systems, including the thermodynamics of traditional and alternative fuels combustion


Thermal energy engineers, researchers, academics and graduates specializing in combustion, those involved in the design, operation and diagnostics of combustion systems, boiler designers and manufacturers, alternative fuel system designers. Engineering professionals and researchers, both in academia and industry R&D, designing, planning and operating bioenergy and waste to energy systems

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: Basic Properties of Fuels, Biomass, Wastes, bio sludge and Biocarbons

2.1 Fuel Properties

2.2 Heat Of Combustion

2.3 Proximity Analysis

2.5 Ultimate Analysis

2.6 Properties to be Predicted

Chapter 3: Data Base of Fuels, Biomass, Wastes, bio sludge and Biocarbons

3.1 Organics

3.2 Biomass

3.3 Biocarbons

Chapter 4: Analysis of Fuel Properties

4.1 Calculation of True Heat of Combustion

4.2 The Effect of Moisture Contents in Heat of Combustion Determination

4.3 Higher Heating Values and Lower Heating Values

4.4 Composition Ratios

4.5 Oxygen Demand of Fuels

4.6 The Uniqueness of Heat of Combustion

Chapter 5: Estimate Higher Heating Value from Ultimate Analysis

5.1 Existing Mathematical Models Based on the Ultimate Analysis

5.2 The Significance of Prediction Models 101 and 102

5.3 Validation Method

5.4 Model Statistics and Validation

5.5 Recommended Choice of Models

5.6 How to Use these Models

5.7 Sample Calculations

Chapter 6: Higher Heating Value Estimation from Components of Trash

6.1 Estimation Models from Regression Analysis

6.2 Estimation Models from Heating Values of Components

6.3 How to Use these Models

6.4 Sample Calculation

Chapter 7: Estimate Total Analysis from Higher Heating Value

7.1 Six Components Estimation Models

7.2 Three Components Estimation Models

7.3 How to Use these Models

7.4 Sample Calculations

Chapter 8: Combustion Process Calculation for Fuels, Biomass, Wastes, bio sludge and Bio carbons

8.1 Products of Complete Combustion

8.2 Enthalpy Contents of Combustion Products

8.3 Mass Balance Calculation for Combustion Process

8.4 Energy Balance Calculation for Combustion Process

Chapter 9: Combustion Process Characterization for Fuels, Biomass, Wastes, bio sludge and Bio carbons

9.1 Estimation of Free Halogen Formation from the Combustion of Halogenated Fuels

9.2 Estimate the Conversion of SO2 to SO3 in Combustion Process with Sulphur in the Fuel

9.3 Estimation of Nitrogen Oxides Formation from Combustion Process

9.4 Dioxin Formation during Combustion

9.5 Estimation of Product of Incomplete Combustion from Combustion Process

9.6 Estimate Dew Points of Water Vapour and Acids In Combustion Products

Chapter 10: Biomass Combustion Fundamentals and Energy Systems

10.1 Fundamentals of Combustion Thermodynamics

10.2 Liquid Fuel Combustion Kinetics

10.3 Solid Fuel Combustion Kinetics

10.4 General Combustion and Energy Systems

10.5 Combustion Control Consideration

10.6 Liquid Waste Storage and Feeding Consideration

10.7 System Design Schemes for Bio Sludge Drying

10.8 General Combustion Process Emission Control systems

10.9 Controlling Nitrogen Dioxide Emissions

10.10 Controlling Dioxin Emissions


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© Academic Press 2018
Academic Press
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About the Author

Yen-Hsiung Kiang

Yen-Hsiung Kiang has over 40 years experiences in fuels, incineration, combustion, solid waste, sewage sludge drying, composting, groundwater pollution, soil contamination, cogeneration and liquefied natural gas, wastewater treatment, air pollution, and other aspects. He received his ME and PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of Florida, and is a registered professional engineer in Pennsylvania, USA. Dr. Kiang is currently the Chief Technology Officer of XIAMEN BAIPENG ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING CO., LTD., member of the boards of directors of Falcon Power Co., Ltd. and China Alternative Energy Association, consultant to the Energy and Carbon Reduction Office of Executive Yuan, ROC and lead consultant of Sustainable Development Green Energy Resources, Ltd. Throughout his career, he has executed planning and design of hundreds of waste treatment centers (including incineration, cogeneration, physicochemical treatment, solidification and land fill). He participated in the planning, design and operation of hundreds of incineration systems, Including solid waste, liquid waste, waste water and sludge, with fixed bed incinerators, mechanical bed incinerators, rotary kiln incinerators, fluidized bed incinerators, and liquid injection incinerators. Dr. Kiang has also executed numerous license applications for incineration and air pollution systems, and incineration systems trial burns, as well as a pilot facility for combustion testing and incineration. In the energy sector, in addition to power plants and cogeneration, he has participated in the design and planning of gas liquefaction and gasification systems, sludge anaerobic digestion system design, planning of biogas and compost recycling system, plasma melting furnace, synthetic gas resource recovery facility planning and construction, and diesel engines power plant construction projects.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Consultant, Taiwan Environmental Sustain Development Co., Ltd.