Description

With the appearance of methods for the sequencing of genomes and less expensive next generation sequencing methods, we face rapid advancements of the -omics technologies and plant biology studies: reverse and forward genetics, functional genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, the movement at distance of effectors and structural biology. From plant genomics to plant biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, understanding the epigenetic control and epigenetic memory, the roles of non-coding RNAs, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics and plants modified to specific aims. In the forthcoming years these advancements will support the production of plant varieties better suited to resist biotic and abiotic stresses, for food and non-food applications.

This book covers these issues, showing how such technologies are influencing the plant field in sectors such as the selection of plant varieties and plant breeding, selection of optimum agronomic traits, stress-resistant varieties, improvement of plant fitness, improving crop yield, and non-food applications in the knowledge based bio-economy.

Key Features

  • Discusses a broad range of applications: the examples originate from a variety of sectors (including in field studies, breeding, RNA regulation, pharmaceuticals and biotech) and a variety of scientific areas (such as bioinformatics, -omics sciences, epigenetics, and the agro-industry)
  • Provides a unique perspective on work normally performed 'behind closed doors'. As such, it presents an opportunity for those within the field to learn from each other, and for those on the 'outside' to see how different groups have approached key problems
  • Highlights the criteria used to compare and assess different approaches to solving problems. Shows the thinking process, practical limitations and any other considerations, aiding in the understanding of a deeper approach

Readership

Ph.D. students, post-docs and professionals in plant sciences; Pharmaceutical professionals; Agro-food managers; Executives/Managers in: project writing and management, agro-food and feed strategies and sustainability management; Biofuel energy and green biotech sectors; R&D, plant breeding, natural products laboratories; Pharmaceutical development centers

Table of Contents

List of figures

List of tables

Abbreviations

About the contributors

Introduction

Chapter 1: From plant genomics to -omics technologies

Abstract:

1.1 SuperSAGE

1.2 CAGE – cap analysis of gene expression

1.3 -Omics and new advances in plant functional genomics

Chapter 2: Plant microRNAs

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Transcription of miRNA genes

2.3 MicroRNA processing

2.4 Modes of action

2.5 Evolution of miRNA genes

2.6 Differences from animal miRNAs

2.7 miRNA functions

2.8 The potential roles of microRNAs in crop improvement

Chapter 3: Epigenetic control by plant Polycomb proteins: new perspectives and emerging roles in stress response

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Conserved multi-protein complexes with histone post-translational modifying activities

3.3 Polycomb functions in plant development

3.4 Non-coding RNAs as regulatory cofactors of Polycomb complexes

3.5 Emerging roles of PcG and ncRNAs in responses to environmental stress

3.6 PcG protein functions in three-dimensional nuclear organization

3.7 Perspectives: the role of Polycomb in abiotic and biotic stress response

Chapter 4: Metabolite profiling for plant research

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Methodological approach

4.3 Metabolomic platform

4.4 Metabolomics in plant science

4.5 The future role of metabolomics in crop improvement

4.6 Conclusion

Chapter 5: The uniqueness of conifers

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Functional differentiation

5.3 Genome structure and composition

5.4 Genome function

5.5 Chemical divergence

5.6 Meeting the challenge: the system biology approach to unraveling the conifer genome

Chapter 6: Cryptochrome genes modula

Details

No. of pages:
274
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9781908818478
Print ISBN:
9781907568299
Print ISBN:
9780081015360

About the editors

Palmiro Poltronieri

Dr Palmiro Poltronieri is researcher at the Agrofood Department of the Italian National Research Council. He is co-founder of Biotecgen SME - a service company involved in European projects developing molecular tools such as Ribochip DNA arrays, and protein chip tools. He is Associate Editor to BMC Research Notes and holds a Ph.D. in Molecular and Cellular Biology from Verona University. His current interest is on the water stress response in roots of tolerant and sensitive chickpea varieties, activating the jasmonic acid synthesis pathway at different timing. P. Poltronieri, Via Moline 36, 73051 Novoli, Italy

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Sciences of Food Production, National Research Council (ISPA-CNR), Lecce, Italy

Natalija Burbulis

Dr Natalija Burbulisis currently head of the agrobiotechnology laboratory and professor at the Crop Science and Animal Husbandry Department of the Aleksandr Stulginskis University (Lithuania). She holds a Ph.D. in Agricultural science obtained from the Lithuanian University of Agriculture, and for 10 years performed research in plant biotechnology, physiology and biochemistry. Current studies are in vitro selection of oilseed crops (rapeseed and linseed) - genotypes with important agronomic traits, including disease resistance, cold tolerance and oil quality improvements.

Affiliations and Expertise

Aleksandr Stulginskis University, Lithuania

Corrado Fogher

Professor Corrado Fogher, Ph.D., is Associate professor of genetics and responsible for the transgenic plants sector at the Observatory on Transgenic Organisms in Agriculture at the Catholic University, Piacenza, Italy. He was NATO Fellow (1982-83) at the Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, Researcher (1984-85) at the Department of Cellular Physiology and Molecular Genetics of the Pasteur Institute, Paris, and Visiting scientist at The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California. He is Author or co-author of more than 70 peer-reviewed papers and Research Director of three SMEs, Plantechno, Incura and SunChem.

Affiliations and Expertise

Catholic University, Italy