Introduction: Freshwater Fish Culture. Natural resources. History and evolution. Recent achievements. The two traditional fish culture centres. Fisheries education and research. References. Fish Species Cultured. Characteristics of freshwater fish resources. Major cultured fish species. Other cultured aquatic animals. References. Reproduction. Natural reproduction of Chinese carps. Endocrinology. Oocyte Development and gonadal growth. References. Feeding and Nutrition. Feeding biology. Nutrient requirements. Natural and commercial food. References. Genetics and Breeding. Genetic character of cultured fish. Selective breeding. Hybrids and heterosis. All-male tilapia production. Bioengineering. Genetic management of broodstock. References. Artificial Propagation. Hatchery design. Culture of brood fish. Spawning induction. Spawning. Hatching. References. Fry and Fingerling Production. Feeding organs and habits. Rearing of fry. Rearing of fingerlings. Rearing of 2-year-old fingerlings. New measures for increased production. References. Integrated Fish Farming. Integrated fish farming ecosystems. Polyculture. Fingerling stocking. Rotation harvesting. Energy conversion. Management of grow-out ponds. References. Fish Culture in Open Waters. Types of lakes and reservoirs for fish culture. Trophic classification of lakes and reservoirs. Prediction of fish productivity. Stocking in lakes and reservoirs. Enhancement of fisheries resources. References. Fish Culture in Cages and Pens. Fish culture in cages. Fish culture in pens. Environmental impacts. References. Special Types of Aquaculture. Culture of luxury species. Integrated rice-fish culture. References. Fish Diseases. Overview. Specific diseases. Environmental diseases. References.