Freshwater Ecology

Freshwater Ecology

Concepts and Environmental Applications

1st Edition - March 5, 2002

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  • Author: Walter Dodds
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080477909

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Description

Freshwater Ecology: Concepts and Environmental Applications is a general text covering both basic and applied aspects of freshwater ecology and serves as an introduction to the study of lakes and streams. Issues of spatial and temporal scale, anthropogenic impacts, and application of current ecological concepts are covered along with ideas that are presented in more traditional limnological texts. Chapters on biodiversity, toxic chemicals, extreme and unusual habitats, and fisheries increase the breadth of material covered. The book includes an extensive glossary, questions for thought, worked examples of equations, and real-life problems.

Key Features

  • Broad coverage of groundwaters, streams, wetlands, and lakes
  • Features basic scientific concepts and environmental applications throughout
  • Includes many figures, sidebars of fascinating applications, and biographies of practicing aquatic ecologists
  • Materials are presented to facilitate learning, including an extensive glossary, questions for thought, worked examples of equations, and real life problems
  • Written at a level understandable to most undergraduate students, with explanations of complex contemporary concepts in freshwater ecology described to promote understanding
  • Featuring small chapters that mainly stand alone, this book can be read in the order most suited to the specific application

Readership

Ecologists, environmental scientists, phycologists, freshwater invertebrate zoologists, benthologists, and hydrologists, and teachers, graduate students and undergraduates interested in freshwater ecosystems

Table of Contents

  • AQUATIC ECOLOGY Series

    Dedication

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Chapter 1: Why Study Continental Aquatic Systems?

    HUMAN UTILIZATION OF WATER: PRESSURES ON A KEY RESOURCE

    WHAT IS THE VALUE OF WATER QUALITY?

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 2: Properties of Water

    CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

    RELATIONSHIPS AMONG WATER VISCOSITY, INERTIA, AND PHYSICAL PARAMETERS

    MOVEMENT OF WATER

    FORCES THAT MOVE WATER

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 3: Movement of Light, Heat, and Chemicals in Water

    DIFFUSION IN WATER

    LIGHT AND HEATING OF WATER

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 4: Hydrology and Physiography of Groundwater and Wetland Habitats

    HABITATS AND THE HYDR0LOGIC CYCLE

    MOVEMENT THROUGH SOIL AND GROUNDWATER

    WETLANDS

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 5: Physiography of Flowing Water

    CHARACTERIZATION OF STREAMS

    STREAM FLOW AND GEOLOGY

    MOVEMENT OF MATERIALS BY RIVERS AND STREAMS

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 6: Physiography of Lakes and Reservoirs

    LAKE HABITATS AND MORPHOMETRY

    STRATIFICATION

    WATER MOVEMENT AND CURRENTS IN LAKES

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 7: Types of Aquatic Organisms

    THE SPECIES CONCEPT

    MAJOR TAXONOMIC GROUPS

    CLASSIFICATION OF ORGANISMS BY FUNCTIONAL SIGNIFICANCE

    ORGANISMS FOUND IN FRESHWATER SYSTEMS

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 8: Microbes and Plants

    VIRUSES

    ARCHAEA

    BACTERIA

    PROTOCTISTA

    FUNGI

    PLANTAE

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 9: Animals

    INVERTEBRATES

    PHYLUM CHORDATA, SUBPHYLUM VERTEBRATA

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 10: Biodiversity of Freshwaters

    MEASURES OF DIVERSITY

    TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL FACTORS INFLUENCING EVOLUTION OF FRESHWATER ORGANISMS

    SHORT-TERM FACTORS INFLUENCING LOCAL DISTRIBUTION OF SPECIES

    INVASIONS OF NONNATIVE SPECIES

    EXTINCTION

    WHAT IS THE VALUE OF FRESHWATER SPECIES DIVERSITY?

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 11: Aquatic Chemistry Controlling Nutrient Cycling: Redox and O2

    CHEMICALS IN FRESHWATERS

    REDOX POTENTIAL, POTENTIAL ENERGY, AND CHEMICAL TRANSFORMATIONS

    OXYGEN: FORMS AND TRANSFORMATIONS

    PHOTOSYNTHESIS

    DISTRIBUTION OF DISSOLVED OXYGEN IN THE ENVIRONMENT

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 12: Carbon

    FORMS OF CARBON

    TRANSFORMATIONS OF CARBON

    A GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO NUTRIENT CYCLING AND THE CARBON CYCLE

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 13: Nitrogen, Sulfur, Phosphorus, and Other Nutrients

    NITROGEN

    SULFUR

    PHOSPHORUS

    SILICON, IRON, AND OTHER TRACE NUTRIENT CYCLES

    GRADIENTS OF REDOX AND NUTRIENT CYCLES AND INTERACTIONS AMONG THE CYCLES

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 14: Effects of Toxic Chemicals and Other Pollutants on Aquatic Ecosystems

    BASIC TOXICOLOGY

    BIOASSESSMENT

    ACID PRECIPITATION

    METALS AND OTHER INORGANIC POLLUTANTS

    ORGANIC POLLUTANTS

    SUSPENDED SOLIDS

    THERMAL POLLUTION

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 15: Unusual or Extreme Habitats

    ADAPTATIONS TO EXTREMES

    SALINE LAKES

    HOT SPRINGS

    COLD HABITATS

    TEMPORARY WATERS AND SMALL POOLS

    ULTRAOLIGOTROPHIC HABITATS

    DEEP SUBSURFACE HABITATS

    THE WATER SURFACE LAYER

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 16: Nutrient Use and Remineralization

    USE OF NUTRIENTS

    NUTRIENT LIMITATION AND RELATIVE AVAILABILITY

    RESOURCE RATIOS AND STOICHIOMETRY OF PRIMARY PRODUCERS

    NUTRIENT REMINERALIZATION

    STOICHIOMETRY OF HETEROTROPHS, THEIR FOOD, AND NUTRIENT REMINERALIZATION

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 17: Trophic State and Eutrophication

    DEFINITION OF TROPHIC STATE

    WHY IS NUTRIENT POLLUTION RESULTING IN ALGAL BLOOMS IN LAKES IMPORTANT?

    NATURAL AND CULTURAL PROCESSES OF EUTROPHICATION

    RELATIONSHIPS AMONG NUTRIENTS, WATER CLARITY, AND PHYTOPLANKTON: MANAGING EUTROPHICATION IN LAKES

    MITIGATING LAKE EUTROPHICATION

    MANAGING EUTROPHICATION IN STREAMS AND WETLANDS

    CASE STUDIES OF EUTROPHICATION

    EUTROPHICATION AND WETLANDS

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 18: Behavior and Interactions among Microorganisms and Invertebrates

    BEHAVIOR OF MICROORGANISMS

    INTERACTION TYPES IN MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES

    PREDATION AND PARASITISM

    COMPETITION

    MUTUALISM: FACILITATION AND SYNTROPHY

    CHEMICAL MEDIATION OF MICROBIAL INTERACTIONS

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 19: Predation and Food Webs

    HERBIVORY

    DETRITIVORY AND OMNIVORY

    ADAPTATION TO PREDATION PRESSURE

    ADAPTATIONS OF PREDATORS

    NONLETHAL EFFECTS OF PREDATION

    TROPHIC LEVELS, FOOD WEBS, AND FOOD CHAINS

    THE TROPHIC CASCADE

    THEORETICAL COMMUNITY ECOLOGY AND AQUATIC FOOD WEBS

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 20: Nonpredatory Interspecific Interactions among Plants and Animals in Freshwater Communities

    COMPETITION

    MUTUALISM AND FACILITATION

    OTHER SPECIES INTERACTIONS

    COMPLEX COMMUNITY INTERACTIONS

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 21: Fish Ecology and Fisheries

    BIOGEOGRAPHICAL DETERMINANTS OF FISH ASSEMBLAGE DIVERSITY

    PHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS INFLUENCING GROWTH, SURVIVAL, AND REPRODUCTION

    POPULATION DYNAMICS OF FISHES

    REGULATING EXPLOITATION OF FISH STOCKS

    STOCKING FISH FOR FISHERIES

    AQUACULTURE

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 22: Freshwater Ecosystems

    GENERAL APPROACHES TO ECOSYSTEMS

    GROUNDWATER ECOSYSTEMS

    STREAMS

    LAKES AND RESERVOIRS

    WETLANDS

    COMPARISON OF FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS

    SUMMARY

    QUESTIONS FOR THOUGHT

    Chapter 23: Conclusions

    Experimental Design in Aquatic Ecology

    Glossary

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 592
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2002
  • Published: March 5, 2002
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080477909

About the Author

Walter Dodds

Walter. K. Dodds received his Ph.D. in Biology in 1986 from the University of Oregon. From 1987 to 1990 he was a post doctoral fellow in the Department of Biology at Montana State University. In 1990 he accepted an Assistant Professor position in the Division of Biology at Kansas State University, in 1995 he was promoted to Associate Professor and in 2002 to full Professor. Over the years, Dodds has taught Limnology, Advanced Aquatic Ecology, Microbial Ecology, Principles of Biology, Conservation Biology, Environmental Problems, Origins of Life, Herbivory, Presentations in Ecology, Aquatic Ecology, Stream Ecology, Algal Identification, Algal Ecology, Bacteriology and Freshwater Biology. He has professional memberships in the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, the American Society of Microbiology, the North American Benthological Society, the Phycological Society of America and Sigma Xi. Dodds has grants from agencies including the National Science Foundation, the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the United States Geological Survey, the Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks and the Kansas Department of Health and Environment. He has been involved in the Konza Prairie Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) program and provides leadership for the Konza LTER Aquatic and Hydrological Group and the Konza LTER Research Experience for Undergraduates program.

Dodds’ recent research has focused on Aquatic Ecology on Konza Prairie, Nitrogen Uptake Retention and Cycling in Stream Ecosystems, Quality and Quantity of Suspended Solids in Kansas Rivers, and Nutrients and Algae in Streams. Dodds has been invited to present seminars at over 20 US agencies and universities, as well as agencies and universities in Australia, New Zealand and Canada. He has presented at numerous national and international scientific conferences and has produced over 80 peer reviewed publications.

Affiliations and Expertise

Division of Biology, Kansas State University

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