Description

The Chernobyl accident drew attention to the difficulties of understanding the dynamics of radionuclide transport through the environment using older methods developed after the pseudo steady state pollution resulting after the weapons testing fallout. More recent approaches, which are reported in this book, have incorporated both the dynamic aspects highlighted by the pulse Chernobyl input and the importance of improvement in models that can be brought about by constraining parameters on the basis of a knowledge of the fundamental physics, chemistry, biology and ecology of the ecosystems involved. The papers within this volume include hydrodynamic models of suspended solids transport, ion exchange interpretation of radionuclide sorption: approaches applying a knowledge of membrane transport kinetics to the uptake of radionuclides by biota; the effects of different ecological niches on the relative uptake of radionuclides by different species; kinetic models of radionuclide uptake through trophic chains and the success and failure of different countermeasures attempted after the Chernobyl accident.

Readership

For environmental scientists; ecotoxicologists and managers responsible for reducing radiation doses to man.

Table of Contents

Selected papers: Preface. Modelling of radiocesium in lakes — on predictive power and lessons for the future (L. Håkanson). Present thoughts on the aquatic countermeasures applied to regions of the Dnieper river catchment contaminated by the 1986 Chernobyl accident (O. Voitsekhovitch et al.). The role of a spring river as a source of 137Cs in a lagoon environment: the case of the Stella river (Marano lagoon, Northern Adriatic Sea) (M. Belli et al.). Mobilization studies of 137Cs in sediments from Rochedo Reservoir, Goiânia, Go., Brazil (M.E.M. De Luca, J.M. Godoy). Migration and modelling of tritium in waste water reservoirs and a retention pond (M. Fukui). Long-term kinetics of radiocesium fixation by soils (A. Konoplev et al.). On the differential binding mechanisms of radiostrontium and radiocaesium in sediments (M.J. Madruga, A. Cremers). Recent radioecological investigations in the Austrian part of the Danube river (F.J. Maringer et al.). Contamination of fish with 137Cs in Kiev reservoir and old river bed of Pripyat near Chernobyl (R.H. Hadderingh et al.). Radioecology assessment in waterways in France with nuclear facilities (1989-1993) (L. Foulquier, A. Lambrechts). The modelling concept for the radioactive contamination of waterbodies in RODOS, the decision support system for nuclear emergencies in Europe (W. Raskob et al.).

Details

No. of pages:
526
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 1997
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
9780444825339
Electronic ISBN:
9780080960265

About the editors

R.J. Blust

Affiliations and Expertise

c/o Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium

R.N.J. Comans

Affiliations and Expertise

c/o ECN, Petten, The Netherlands

J.A. Fernandez

Affiliations and Expertise

Universidad de Málaga, Campus de Teatinos s/n, Málaga, Spain

J. Hilton

Affiliations and Expertise

c/o Institute of Freshwater Ecology, River Laboratory, East Stoke, Wareham, Dorset, UK

A. de Bettencourt

Affiliations and Expertise

Departmento de Protecçăo e Segurança Radiológica, Direcçăo Geral do Ambiente, Sacavém, Portugal

G. Desmet

Affiliations and Expertise

Commission of the European Communities, Brussels, Belgium