Frequency Modulation Theory

Frequency Modulation Theory

Application to Microwave Links

1st Edition - January 1, 1961

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  • Authors: Jacques Fagot, Philippe Magne
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483278537

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Electronics and Instrumentation, Volume 11: Frequency Modulation Theory: Application to Microwave Links provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of microwave beam techniques. This book discusses the development in the application of frequency modulation. Organized into five chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the transfer of the radio-frequency energy over a given path. This text then examines all the general problems of frequency modulation, including principle, band covered, distortion, and improvement of the signal-to-noise ratio. Other chapters deal with propagation distortion that is apparent in a variable-velocity guided transmission channel. This book discusses as well the complete problem of telephony and television transmission over radio links and considers the requisite conditions for meeting the international standards. The final chapter deals with all the applied techniques concerned with radio link equipment that deals with a large number of general problems. This book is a valuable resource for students and engineers.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword


    1. Propagation — Energy Transfer

    1.1 Definition of the Transmission Equivalent

    1.2 Propagation of the Carrier Wave in Free Space — Calculation of the Transmission Equivalent Between Aerials

    1.3 Propagation in the Atmosphere and Near the Ground

    1.4 Atmospheric Absorption

    1.5 Atmospheric Refraction

    1.6 Fresnel Ellipsoid

    1.7 Profile Representation

    1.8 Ground Reflections

    1.9 Attenuation by a Hill-Crest of the "Knife Edge" Type

    1.10 Conclusions Regarding the Installation of Radio Links over an Optical Path

    1.11 Tropospheric Propagation Beyond the Horizon


    2. Distortion and Noise in Frequency Modulation

    2.1 Principle of Frequency Modulation

    2.2 Spectrum of a Sinusoidally Frequency-Modulated Oscillation

    2.3 Non-Linear Distortions in Frequency Modulation

    2.4 Analysis of Amplitude Distortion

    2.5 Analysis of Phase Distortion

    2.6 Application of General Network Laws for the Evaluation of Phase Distortion in Amplifiers

    2.7 Phase Distortion in an Amplifier Consisting of a Series of Triplets

    2.8 Noise in Frequency Modulation

    2.9 Method of Direct Calculation of Non-Linear Distortion in Frequency Modulation


    3. Propagation Distortion

    3.1 Signal Expressed by the Fourier Integral

    3.2 Localization of the Information by the Stationary Phase Principle

    3.3 Phase Velocity and Group Velocity of a Travelling Wave

    3.4 Wave Propagation Along a Double Path

    3.5 Distortion in Frequency Modulation for the Double Path Case

    3.6 Transmission on a Mismatched Feeder

    3.7 Frequency Modulation Distortion in a Mismatched Feeder

    3.8 Direct Calculation of Frequency Modulation Distortion over a Double Path


    4. Transmission of the Overall Information

    4.1 General

    4.2 Frequency Distribution in Carrier Current Multiplex

    4.3 Problem of Levels in Carrier Current Multiplex

    4.4 Application of Multiplex Signals to Frequency Modulation Radio Equipment

    4.5 Formulae Related to Thermal Noise

    4.6 Overall Cross-Talk Power in Amplitude Modulation

    4.7 Intermodulation Distribution in the Base-Band

    4.8 Combination of Intermodulation in the Various Elements of a Microwave Link

    4.9 The Muhiplex Signal Considered as a Stationary Random Function—Application to the Calculation of the Intermodulation Spectrum

    4.10 Intermodulation in Frequency Modulation Equipment

    4.11 Propagation Cross-Talk

    4.12 Transmission Conditions for Television Signals

    4.13 Principal Technical Problems Raised by the Transmission of Television on Microwave Links


    5. Equipment

    5.1 Design of Radio Link Equipment

    5.2 Structure of Microwave Links

    5.3 Highly Linear Modulation and Demodulation—General Remarks

    5.4 Frequency Modulation of the U.H.F. Band

    5.5 Frequency Modulators Operating in the "Intermediate Frequency" Band

    5.6 Demodulation

    5.7 Amplification Technique—General Remarks

    5.8 Noise Figure

    5.9 Amplifier Pass-Band and Gain

    5.10 Impedance Breaks Between Elements of an Amplifier Chain

    5.11 Phase Distortion Correction—Group Propagation Time Equalizers

    5.12 Frequency Changing—Mixers

    5.13 Frequency Stabilization

    5.14 Filters for Hyper-Frequencies

    5.15 Aerials

    5.16 Ferrite Unidirectional Attenuator (Isolator)

    5.17 Measurements





Product details

  • No. of pages: 500
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1961
  • Published: January 1, 1961
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483278537

About the Authors

Jacques Fagot

Philippe Magne

About the Editors

D. W. Fry

W. Higinbotham

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