Description

In the past few decades, freight transport on roads has grown considerably because of the quick and flexible movement of goods. With an expanding market due to product specialization, there will be an increase in the demand for freight transport. There are however, several negative implications for the environment (air and noise pollution), human health and other more far-reaching phenomena such as acidification, photochemical air pollution and the greenhouse effect. Solutions to this problem are probed in this book including the stimulation of technological breakthroughs, new transport policies and better traffic management. The book provides a survey of present and potential approaches to reconcile the strong need for increasing transport and the necessity to stop the current destruction of natural resources and harm to human health.

Table of Contents

Preface. I. PROBLEM AND FRAMEWORK FOR SOLUTIONS The present environmental crisis (R.B.J.C. van Noort). Growth scenarios and corresponding emissions for the transport of goods by truck and train in Europe (H.G. Graf). Sustainable development and goods traffic (G. Maier-Rigaud). Facts and figures on environmental effects of freight transport in The Netherlands (Th. J.H. Schoemaker and P.A. Bouman). New policy developments concerning traffic, freight transport and environment in The Netherlands (M. Kroon and R. Smit). A California and United States perspective on the impact of air quality policies on goods movement by heavy duty trucks (J.D. Boyd). II. TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENTS Prospects for the reduction of noxious emissions from diesel vehicles and the role of alternative fuels and power sources (C.C.J. French). Current and future emission standards for exhaust gases and noise, and test procedures for goods vehicles (C.Cucchi and M. Bidault). The heavy-duty diesel engine: prospects for reduced emissions and improved fuel efficiency (T. Bertilsson). Propsects for the reduction of noise from heavy duty diesel vehicles (F. Filippi). Fuel effects on road transport engines - emissions and cold starting (J.R. Puttick and G.W. Dwyer). Noise pollution from railway traffic and possibilities for improvement at source (A. Zach). New progress in designing inland cargo vessels. A winner for fuel-efficiency (H.H. Heuser). Emissions from inland and coastal shipping and potential for improvement (L.Kolle, Ø. Melhus, K. Bremnes and G. Fiskaa). Emissions from aircraft: standards and potential for improvement (D.M. Snape and M.T. Metcalfe). III. NEW APPROACHES IN LOGISTICS AND TRANSPORT POLICIES Cost-benefit-analyses for goods transport on roads (W. Rothengatter). Possibilities for a shift in modal split in favour of rail and inland shipping traffic (A. Eisenkopf). Determining the prospect for a shift in modal split in freight transport (Y.H.F. Cheung and

Details

No. of pages:
352
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 1991
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780080875040
Print ISBN:
9780444887702

About the editors

M. Kroon

Affiliations and Expertise

Ministry of Housing, Physical Planning & Environment, Leidschendam, The Netherlands

R. Smit

Affiliations and Expertise

Ministry of Transport and Public Works, The Hague, The Netherlands

J. van Ham

Affiliations and Expertise

TNO Study Centre for Environmental Research, Delft, The Netherlands