Fracture of Nonmetals and Composites

Fracture of Nonmetals and Composites

1st Edition - January 1, 1972

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  • Editor: H. Liebowitz
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273297

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Description

Fracture: An Advanced Treatise, Volume VII: Fracture of Nonmetals and Composites examines the fracture of nonmetals and composites. The text of this treatise has been designed so that the reader may acquire pertinent information by self-study. Most chapters have been written in detail and, insofar as possible, have been made to fill a significant gap by also providing, when appropriate, the details of complicated and involved mathematical derivations in appendixes. Whenever possible, only a level of college calculus on the part of the reader has been assumed. Numerical examples showing the engineering applications have been included; also, photographs and drawings have been greatly utilized. The book opens with a review of the fracture behavior of glass. This is followed by separate chapters on the fracture of polymeric glasses; mechanics of the fracture process in rock, with emphasis on the engineering viewpoint; the fracture behavior of simple, single-phase ceramics; and empirical information about, and our level of understanding of, fracture in polycrystalline ceramics. Subsequent chapters deal with the fracture of elastomers; molecular mechanical aspects of the isothermal rupture of elastomers; failure mechanics of fibrous composites; fracture mechanics of composites; fracture and healing of compact bones; and fracture of two-phase alloys; and fracture of lake ice and sea ice.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Chapter 1. Fracture of Glass

    I. Introduction

    II. General Fracture Behavior

    III. Glass Structure

    IV. Maximum Tension as Failure Criterion

    V. Methods of Estimating Ultimate Strength

    VI. Stress Concentration

    VII. The Griffith Theory

    VIII. Measuring Breaking Stresses

    IX. Fracture Surfaces

    X. Importance of Surface Condition

    XI. Statistical Failure Theories

    XII. Static Fatigue

    XIII. Effect of Elevated Temperature

    XIV. Current Status of the Microcrack

    XV. Four Ranges of Glass Strength

    XVI. Other Fracture Criteria

    XVII. Recommended Research

    XVIII. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 2. Fracture of Polymeric Glasses

    I. Introduction

    II. Characteristics of Polymeric Materials

    III. Modes of Failure of Polymers

    IV. Theories of Fracture

    V. Fracture of Amorphous Polymers

    VI. Time-Dependent Fracture

    VII. Conclusions and Recommended Research

    VIII. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 3. Brittle Fracture of Rock

    I. Introduction

    II. Nature and Scope of Treatment

    III. Determination of Limiting States of Stress

    IV. Theories of Fracture

    V. Effect of Planes of Weakness

    VI. Evidence for the Existence and Extension of Cracks in Rock

    VII. Crack Extension

    VIII. Coefficient of Friction for Rock and Minerals

    IX. Recommended Research

    X. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 4. Microscopic Aspects of Fracture in Ceramics

    I. Introduction

    II. Theoretical Strength of Ceramic Materials

    III. Crack Initiation in Ceramic Single Crystals

    IV. Crack Growth in Ceramic Single Crystals

    V. Crack Propagation in Ceramic Single Crystals

    VI. Fracture of Polycrystalline Ceramics at Low Temperatures

    VII. Fracture of Polycrystalline Ceramics at High Temperatures

    VIII. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 5. Fracture in Polycrystalline Ceramics

    I. Introduction

    II. Plastic and Brittle Behavior of Ceramic Oxides

    III. Fracture in Polycrystalline Alumina

    IV. Factors Affecting Strength of Ceramics

    V. Recommended Research

    VI. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 6. Fracture of Elastomers

    I. Introduction

    II. Internal Viscosity of Elastomers

    III. Tensile Strength

    IV. Tear Strength

    V. Effect of Fillers

    VI. Cut Growth Due to Repeated Stressing

    VII. Fatigue Cracking

    VIII. Abrasive Wear

    IX. Resistance to Ozone Cracking

    X. Elastic Instabilities

    XI. Summary and Recommended Research

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 7. Molecular Mechanical Aspects of the Isothermal Rupture of Elastomers

    I. Introduction

    II. The Rubber State

    III. Phenomenological Aspects of Rupture

    IV. Discussion

    V. Factors in Application

    VI. Recommended Research

    VII. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 8. Mechanics of Failure of Fibrous Composites

    I. Introduction

    II. Tensile Strength

    III. Shear Failure

    IV. Compressive Strength

    V. Combined Loads

    VI. Experimental Evaluations

    VII. Recommended Research

    VIII. Summary and Concluding Discussion

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 9. Fracture Mechanics of Composites

    I. Introduction

    II. Concepts of Fracture Mechanics

    III. Experimental Investigations of Crack Extension and Fracture Behavior of Composites

    IV. Recommended Research

    V. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 10. Mechanics of Bone Fracture

    I. Introduction

    II. Constitution and Structure of Bone

    III. Mechanical Properties of Bone

    IV. Mechanical Properties of Bones

    V. Fracture of Bone and Bones

    VI. Mechanical Aspects of Healing of Fractures

    VII. Mechanical Models of Bone Material

    VIII. Recommended Research

    IX. Summary

    References

    Chapter 11. Microstructural Aspects of the Fracture of Two-Phase Alloys

    I. Introduction

    II. On the Role of Brittle Particles in Ductile Fracture

    III. Flow and Fracture in Alloys with High Concentrations of a Hard Phase

    IV. Recommended Research

    V. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 12. Fracture of Lake and Sea Ice

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure of Ice and Ice Sheets

    III. Chemistry and Phase Relations

    IV. Dislocations, Cracks, and Stress Concentrators

    V. Theoretical Considerations

    VI.. Experimental Results

    VII. Recommended Research

    VIII. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1066
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1972
  • Published: January 1, 1972
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273297

About the Editor

H. Liebowitz

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