Fracture of Metals

Fracture of Metals

An Advanced Treatise

1st Edition - January 1, 1969

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  • Editor: H. Liebowitz
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273204

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Description

Fracture of Metals is part of a multivolume treatise that brings together the fundamentals for critical evaluation of the different theories and experimental findings on brittle fracture. These results, together with their design implications, should be made available to professional engineers, students, and researchers in industrial organizations, educational and research institutions, and various governmental agencies. Seven major areas are covered in this treatise on fracture. They are: (1) microscopic and macroscopic fundamentals of fracture; (2) mathematical fundamentals of fracture; (3) engineering fundamentals of fracture and environmental effects; (4) engineering fracture design; (5) fracture design of structures; (6) fracture of metals; and (7) fracture of nonmetals and composites. The present volume focuses on the fracture of metals. The book opens with chapter on the influence of alloying elements on fracture behavior in metallic systems of the three common crystal structures: face-centered cubic, body-centered cubic, and hexagonal close packed. Separate chapters follow on the principal microstructural factors which seem to be important for fracture toughness; the nature of the fracture processes occurring in high-strength materials; and the state of knowledge on fracture toughness of structural steels. Subsequent chapters deal with the strength and toughness of hot-rolled, ferrite-pearlite steels; fracture behavior of aluminum and its alloys; and fracture phenomena associated with electrical effects.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Chapter 1. Effects of Alloying on Fracture Characteristics

    I. Introduction

    II. Theory of the Ductile-to-Brittle Transition

    III. Solutes and Plastic Properties Related to Fracture

    IV. Fracture of Solid Solution Alloys

    V. Fracture of Ordered Alloys

    VI. Fracture of Precipitation-Hardened or Dispersion-Strengthened Alloys

    VII. Grain-Size Effects

    VIII. Alloying Elements and Fracture Toughness

    IX. Recommended Research

    X. Summary

    Appendix A. Derivation of Fracture Stress-Surface Energy Relation

    Appendix B. Derivation of ky

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 2. Metal Processing and Fracture

    I. Introduction

    II. Processing for Structural Refinement

    III. Processing-Induced Fracturing Anisotropy

    IV. Processing for Control of Intragranular Structure

    V. Recommended Research

    VI. Summary

    Appendix. Grain-Size Measurement

    References

    Chapter 3. Fracture of High-Strength Materials

    I. Introduction

    II. The Effect of Plate Thickness on Fracture Toughness

    III. Physical Basis for Fracture-Safe Design with High-Strength Materials

    IV. Microscopic Aspects of Fracture in High-Strength Materials

    V. Fatigue

    VI. Environmental Effects

    VII. Recommended Research

    VIII. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 4. Fracture Toughness Comparisons in Steels

    I. Introduction

    II. Fracture Toughness Tests for Constructional Steels

    III. Toughness Tests Based on Fracture Mechanics

    IV. Correlations among Fracture-Toughness Tests

    V. Correlation of Laboratory and Service Data

    VI. Effects of Composition on Fracture Toughness

    VII. Effects of Mill Processing

    VIII. Effects of Heat Treatment

    IX. Effects of Other Variables

    X. High-Strength Steels

    XI. Recommended Research

    XII. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 5. Strength and Toughness of Hot-Rolled Ferrite-Pearlite Steels

    I. Introduction

    II. Concepts and Terminology

    III. Microstructural Factors Determining Strength and Toughness

    IV. Application of Techniques of Analysis to Production Conditions

    V. Recommended Research

    VI. Summary

    Appendix

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 6. Fracture Behavior of Aluminum Alloys

    I. Introduction

    II. Test Methods

    III. Engineering Methods for the Design of Aluminum against Fracture

    IV. Micromechanistic Observations of Fracture

    V. Metallurgical Considerations

    VI. Recommended Research

    VII. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 7. Fracture in the Refractory Metals

    I. Introduction

    II. Fracture at Low Temperatures from the Macroscopic Viewpoint

    III. Atomistic Considerations of Fracture at Low Temperatures

    IV. High-Temperature Fracture

    V. Recommended Research

    VI. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 8. Effects of Lasers on Fracture of Materials

    I. Introduction

    II. Discussion

    III. Recommended Research

    IV. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Chapter 9. Electrically Induced Fracture of Materials

    I. Introduction

    II. Fracture Induced by Spark Discharges

    III. Fracture Induced by Arc Discharges

    IV. Fracture Associated with Electrical Fields

    V. Fracture in Piezoelectric Materials

    VI. Recommended Research

    VII. Summary

    Symbols

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 524
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1969
  • Published: January 1, 1969
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273204

About the Editor

H. Liebowitz

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