Fracture and Fracture Mechanics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080316598, 9781483155470

Fracture and Fracture Mechanics

1st Edition

Case Studies

Editors: R. B. Tait G. G. Garrett
eBook ISBN: 9781483155470
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1985
Page Count: 366
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Description

Fracture and Fracture Mechanics: Case Studies contains the proceedings of the Second National Conference on Fracture, held at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa on November 26-27, 1984. This book presents case studies in fracture and fracture mechanics and highlights the problems associated with fracture, failure analysis, and safe design in industries as diverse as mining, power generation, transport, petrochemical, and manufacturing. This book has 29 chapters divided into five sections and opens with a discussion on the role of professional complacency in bridge failures. The first section is devoted to failure investigation and covers topics ranging from failure analysis of a hydraulic retarder piston to the use of scanning electron microscopy in investigating tungsten carbide-cobalt fractured components. The second section deals with slow crack growth and considers an approach to assessing structural integrity and fatigue failures in vibrating equipment. Failures arising from repair welding and incomplete heat treatment are described. The remaining chapters explore fitness for purpose evaluation of fractures; the environmental effects of fractures; and case studies of failure prevention in industries such as petrochemical, power generation, and transportation.
This monograph will be of interest to structural engineers, metallurgists, and materials scientists and technologists.

Table of Contents


Nomenclature

Conversion Units

Introduction

Bridge Failures and Professional Complacency

Section 1: Failure Investigating

Failure Investigation: Principles and Practice

Fast Fracture

Failure Analysis of an Hydraulic Retarder Piston

Investigation of Tungsten Carbide-Cobalt Fractured Components Using Scanning Electron Microscopy

Failure Analysis as a Basis for Design Modification of Military Aircraft

"There's a Hole in My Bucket". An Aetiology of a Dragline Bucket Failure

Some Conclusions from the Evaluation of Failed Gears

Fractures in GRP-A Link with Corrosion

Some Thoughts on Failure Analysis

Section 2: Slow Crack Growth

Slow Crack Growth: Macroscopic and Microscopic Aspects

Wear-Induced Fatigue Failure and the Prediction of Critical Flaw Sizes in Service Components

Fatigue Failure of a Large Industrial Fan

Preferential HAZ Cracking of Weldments Subjected to Thermal Fatigue

An Approach to Assessing Structural Integrity and Fatigue Failures in Vibrating Equipment

Failure Examination Case Studies: Two Examples of Failures Arising from (1) Repair Welding, and (2) Incomplete Heat Treatment

Fatigue Failures Arising from Inappropriate Welding

Section 3: Fitness for Purpose

Fracture Mechanics Developments Related to the Weld Defect Acceptance Methods Given in British Standard PD 6493

A Fitness for Purpose Evaluation of Pipe Weld Defects Using BS PD 6493

Residual Life Evaluation of a 20 MW Turbine Casing

A Fracture Mechanics Assessment of an Unusual Carbon Steel Used in Low Temperature Petrochemical Process Plant

Section 4: Environmental Effects

Failure by Creep

Creep-Induced Failure of Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipelines

Intergranular Oxidation of Two Austenitic Stainless Steel Components Operating at Intermediate Temperatures

The Fracture of a Ship's Propeller Shaft

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Low Alloy Steel Turbine Disks

Section 5: Case Studies and Failure Prevention

Case Studies and Failure Prevention in the Petrochemical and Offshore Industries

Case Studies in Defense and Transportation Industries

Case Studies in Power Generation

Failure Analysis of an Ammonia Pressure Vessel

Conference Summary

Author Index

Details

No. of pages:
366
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1985
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483155470

About the Editor

R. B. Tait

G. G. Garrett

Ratings and Reviews