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Fracture and Fracture Mechanics: Case Studies contains the proceedings of the Second National Conference on Fracture, held at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa on November 26-27, 1984. This book presents case studies in fracture and fracture mechanics and highlights the problems associated with fracture, failure analysis, and safe design in industries as diverse as mining, power generation, transport, petrochemical, and manufacturing. This book has 29 chapters divided into five sections and opens with a discussion on the role of professional complacency in bridge failures. The first section is devoted to failure investigation and covers topics ranging from failure analysis of a hydraulic retarder piston to the use of scanning electron microscopy in investigating tungsten carbide-cobalt fractured components. The second section deals with slow crack growth and considers an approach to assessing structural integrity and fatigue failures in vibrating equipment. Failures arising from repair welding and incomplete heat treatment are described. The remaining chapters explore fitness for purpose evaluation of fractures; the environmental effects of fractures; and case studies of failure prevention in industries such as petrochemical, power generation, and transportation. This monograph will be of interest to structural engineers, metallurgists, and materials scientists and technologists.
Bridge Failures and Professional Complacency
Section 1: Failure Investigating
Failure Investigation: Principles and Practice
Failure Analysis of an Hydraulic Retarder Piston
Investigation of Tungsten Carbide-Cobalt Fractured Components Using Scanning Electron Microscopy
Failure Analysis as a Basis for Design Modification of Military Aircraft
"There's a Hole in My Bucket". An Aetiology of a Dragline Bucket Failure
Some Conclusions from the Evaluation of Failed Gears
Fractures in GRP-A Link with Corrosion
Some Thoughts on Failure Analysis
Section 2: Slow Crack Growth
Slow Crack Growth: Macroscopic and Microscopic Aspects
Wear-Induced Fatigue Failure and the Prediction of Critical Flaw Sizes in Service Components
Fatigue Failure of a Large Industrial Fan
Preferential HAZ Cracking of Weldments Subjected to Thermal Fatigue
An Approach to Assessing Structural Integrity and Fatigue Failures in Vibrating Equipment
Failure Examination Case Studies: Two Examples of Failures Arising from (1) Repair Welding, and (2) Incomplete Heat Treatment
Fatigue Failures Arising from Inappropriate Welding
Section 3: Fitness for Purpose
Fracture Mechanics Developments Related to the Weld Defect Acceptance Methods Given in British Standard PD 6493
A Fitness for Purpose Evaluation of Pipe Weld Defects Using BS PD 6493
Residual Life Evaluation of a 20 MW Turbine Casing
A Fracture Mechanics Assessment of an Unusual Carbon Steel Used in Low Temperature Petrochemical Process Plant
Section 4: Environmental Effects
Failure by Creep
Creep-Induced Failure of Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipelines
Intergranular Oxidation of Two Austenitic Stainless Steel Components Operating at Intermediate Temperatures
The Fracture of a Ship's Propeller Shaft
Stress Corrosion Cracking of Low Alloy Steel Turbine Disks
Section 5: Case Studies and Failure Prevention
Case Studies and Failure Prevention in the Petrochemical and Offshore Industries
Case Studies in Defense and Transportation Industries
Case Studies in Power Generation
Failure Analysis of an Ammonia Pressure Vessel
- No. of pages:
- © Pergamon 1985
- 1st January 1985
- eBook ISBN:
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