Fracture and Fracture Mechanics

Fracture and Fracture Mechanics

Case Studies

1st Edition - January 1, 1985

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  • Editors: R. B. Tait, G. G. Garrett
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483155470

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Description

Fracture and Fracture Mechanics: Case Studies contains the proceedings of the Second National Conference on Fracture, held at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa on November 26-27, 1984. This book presents case studies in fracture and fracture mechanics and highlights the problems associated with fracture, failure analysis, and safe design in industries as diverse as mining, power generation, transport, petrochemical, and manufacturing. This book has 29 chapters divided into five sections and opens with a discussion on the role of professional complacency in bridge failures. The first section is devoted to failure investigation and covers topics ranging from failure analysis of a hydraulic retarder piston to the use of scanning electron microscopy in investigating tungsten carbide-cobalt fractured components. The second section deals with slow crack growth and considers an approach to assessing structural integrity and fatigue failures in vibrating equipment. Failures arising from repair welding and incomplete heat treatment are described. The remaining chapters explore fitness for purpose evaluation of fractures; the environmental effects of fractures; and case studies of failure prevention in industries such as petrochemical, power generation, and transportation. This monograph will be of interest to structural engineers, metallurgists, and materials scientists and technologists.

Table of Contents


  • Nomenclature

    Conversion Units

    Introduction

    Bridge Failures and Professional Complacency

    Section 1: Failure Investigating

    Failure Investigation: Principles and Practice

    Fast Fracture

    Failure Analysis of an Hydraulic Retarder Piston

    Investigation of Tungsten Carbide-Cobalt Fractured Components Using Scanning Electron Microscopy

    Failure Analysis as a Basis for Design Modification of Military Aircraft

    "There's a Hole in My Bucket". An Aetiology of a Dragline Bucket Failure

    Some Conclusions from the Evaluation of Failed Gears

    Fractures in GRP-A Link with Corrosion

    Some Thoughts on Failure Analysis

    Section 2: Slow Crack Growth

    Slow Crack Growth: Macroscopic and Microscopic Aspects

    Wear-Induced Fatigue Failure and the Prediction of Critical Flaw Sizes in Service Components

    Fatigue Failure of a Large Industrial Fan

    Preferential HAZ Cracking of Weldments Subjected to Thermal Fatigue

    An Approach to Assessing Structural Integrity and Fatigue Failures in Vibrating Equipment

    Failure Examination Case Studies: Two Examples of Failures Arising from (1) Repair Welding, and (2) Incomplete Heat Treatment

    Fatigue Failures Arising from Inappropriate Welding

    Section 3: Fitness for Purpose

    Fracture Mechanics Developments Related to the Weld Defect Acceptance Methods Given in British Standard PD 6493

    A Fitness for Purpose Evaluation of Pipe Weld Defects Using BS PD 6493

    Residual Life Evaluation of a 20 MW Turbine Casing

    A Fracture Mechanics Assessment of an Unusual Carbon Steel Used in Low Temperature Petrochemical Process Plant

    Section 4: Environmental Effects

    Failure by Creep

    Creep-Induced Failure of Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipelines

    Intergranular Oxidation of Two Austenitic Stainless Steel Components Operating at Intermediate Temperatures

    The Fracture of a Ship's Propeller Shaft

    Stress Corrosion Cracking of Low Alloy Steel Turbine Disks

    Section 5: Case Studies and Failure Prevention

    Case Studies and Failure Prevention in the Petrochemical and Offshore Industries

    Case Studies in Defense and Transportation Industries

    Case Studies in Power Generation

    Failure Analysis of an Ammonia Pressure Vessel

    Conference Summary

    Author Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 366
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1985
  • Published: January 1, 1985
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483155470

About the Editors

R. B. Tait

G. G. Garrett

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