Foundations of Language Development

Foundations of Language Development

A Multidisciplinary Approach

1st Edition - January 1, 1975

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  • Editors: Eric H. Lenneberg, Elizabeth Lenneberg
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483267883

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Description

Foundations of Language Development: A Multidisciplinary Approach, Volume 1 provides information pertinent to the important discoveries and issues in the area of language development. This book covers important topics, including language policy, language rehabilitation, and language in the classroom. Organized into three parts encompassing 19 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the relationship between animal communication and language proper. This text then examines the early metaphysical views as to the origin of speech and explores the probable nature of the language employed by early man. Other chapters consider the growing conception that language is essentially a localizable cerebral function. This book discusses as well the shortcomings of speech as a means of human communication. The final chapter deals with a comparison of child language with deteriorated language in senile dementia. This book is a valuable resource for linguists and readers who are faced with practical decisions concerning language.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Foreword

    Preface

    Contents of Volume 2

    I. Preliminaries

    1. Language

    Communication in Animals and in Man

    Hypotheses as to the Origins of Language

    The History of Ideas Underlying Thinking and Speech

    Language as a Function of the Brain

    Linguistics and Semiology

    The Inadequacy of Verbal Symbols as Tools of Thought

    The Future of Language

    References

    2. The Concept of Language Differentiation

    The Nature of Language

    Relations and Computations

    Continuities as Proper Psychological and Physiological Correlates

    Linguistic Categories Are Relationships; They Are Definable Only Contextually

    Semantic and Syntactic Properties Have a Common Origin in Ontogeny

    Differentiation in the Growth of Vocabulary

    Conclusion

    References

    3. Some Problems in Linguistic Theory

    4. The Heuristic Principle in the Perception, Emergence, and Assimilation of Speech

    Psycholinguistic Rules and Plans

    Alternative Approaches

    References

    II. Natural History

    5. A Zoologist's View of Some Language Phenomena with Particular Emphasis on Vocal Learning

    Introduction

    The Comparative Analysis of Vocal Communication

    The Role of Learning in Vocal Ontogeny

    Predispositions Brought to the Task of Vocal Learning

    The Origins of Vocal Learning

    Why Did Not Other Primates Learn to Speak?

    The Neural Substrate of Vocal Behavior

    Summary

    References

    6. Brain Development in Relation to Language

    Shortcomings of Linguistic Analysis

    From Neurogenotype to Neurophenotype

    Functional Regulation in the Developing Cerebral Cortex

    Synaptic Stability and Lability

    Synaptic Disconnection, Reconnection, and Malconnection

    Conclusion

    References

    7. Myelogenetic Correlates of the Development of Speech and Language

    Introduction

    Myelogenesis of the Visual and Acoustic Pathways

    Myelogenetic Correlates of the Development of Speech and Language

    Acknowledgements

    References

    8. The Ontogeny of Cerebral Dominance in Man

    Introduction

    The Development of Handedness

    The Lateralization of Speech

    Specific Educational Backwardness

    Conclusions

    References

    III. Ontogeny

    9. Theories of Phonological Development

    Introduction

    Requirements for a Theory of Phonological Development

    Behaviorist Theories

    Structuralist Theories

    Natural Phonology Theory

    Prosodic Theory

    Conclusions

    Bibliography

    10. Phonemicization and Symbolization in Language Development

    Introduction

    Crying

    Development of Phonatory-Articulatory-Auditory Mechanisms During the Period of Babbling as One Kind of Circular Reaction

    Reorganization of Babbling Phonatory-Articulatory-Auditory Mechanisms and Their Application to Language

    Development of Phonemicization and Symbolization

    References

    11. Early Semantic Development in Child Language

    Introduction

    Context and Meaning of Early Utterances

    Performative Structures

    Optional Semantic Mechanisms

    Conclusion

    References

    12. Grammatical Development—The First Steps

    The Nature of the Child's Early Utterances

    The Nature of Word Order Rules

    Word Classes

    Learning Mechanisms

    References

    13. The Role of Cognitive Structures in Language Acquisition

    Introduction: Cognitive and Linguistic Development

    Cognitive Structures

    Representation

    Meaning

    Grammar

    Language Acquisition

    An Experimental Approach

    References

    14. Learning How to Mean

    Introduction

    Phase I: Functional Origins

    Phase II: The Transition

    Phase III : Into Language

    Summary of Functional Development

    Conclusion

    References

    15. Cross-Linguistic Similarities at Two Stages of Syntactic Development

    Introduction

    Plan of Analysis

    Early Stage I

    Late Stage I

    Summary

    References

    16. On the Nature of Talk to Children

    Structural Characteristics of Input

    Feedback Characteristics of Input

    Input from Adults Versus Input from Children

    References

    17. The Early Development of the Mother Tongue

    Evidence for Universal Sequences

    Determinants of Order of Acquisition

    What Impels Development?

    Environmental Assistance

    References

    18. Cognitive Processes and Language Ability in the Severely Retarded

    Introduction

    Learning and Language in the Retarded

    Concluding Observations

    References

    19. Some Aspects of Language in Various Forms of Senile Dementia (Comparisons with Language in Childhood)

    Introduction

    Language Disturbances Due to Memory Failure

    Disturbances in the Use and Function of Language

    Semantic and Syntactic Language Disturbances Closely Correlated with the Subject's Operational Level

    Language Disturbances Clinically Resembling Those of Aphasia Due to Circumscribed Lesions

    Verbal Stereotypy and Iteration Appearing in Cases of Neurological Disorganization

    Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 372
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1975
  • Published: January 1, 1975
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483267883

About the Editors

Eric H. Lenneberg

Elizabeth Lenneberg

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