Forest Microbiology

Forest Microbiology

Tree Diseases and Pests

1st Edition - July 29, 2022

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  • Editors: Fred Asiegbu, Andriy Kovalchuk
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780443186943

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Description

Forest Microbiology: Tree Diseases and Pests, Volume Three in the Forest Microbiology series, provides an overview of major disease agents of trees, including viruses, phytoplasma, bacteria, fungi, nematodes and major insect pests. With a strong emphasis on genetics, biochemistry, physiology, evolutionary biology and population dynamics of the organisms involved, this book provides a comprehensive understanding on the health of forests. Sections cover important pest threats such as bark beetles, emerald ash borer, coffee borers, leaf cutting ants, cocoa mirids, and more. This volume highlights a range of emerging diseases of forest trees in temperate and tropic regions as well as information on habitats. Forest trees play crucial roles not only for mitigating effects of the climate change but also for their considerable economic and ecological value. Forest trees are equally vital as an alternative bioenergy source and play important roles in pollution abatement and the maintenance of biodiversity. Timber and its associated products from forest trees contribute substantially to the revenue generation of many countries of the world.

Key Features

  • Includes case studies of complex diseases of economically important trees
  • Highlights novel approaches to managing tree pests and diseases in a changing climate
  • Focuses on the many functions of microbial disease agents of trees
  • Addresses major insect pests of boreal, temperate and tropical trees

Readership

Forest scientists, ecologists, wood scientists, students of forestry and wood science and technology, foresters and forest pathologists, wood biologists, and those interested in the effects of microbes and other pests on forest and tree health

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Part I: Forest and tree resilience
  • Chapter 1: Forest resources and sustainable management
  • Abstract
  • 1: Forest resources
  • 2: Forest ecosystem services
  • 3: Forest management systems
  • 4: Deforestation and forest degradation
  • 5: Plantation forests
  • 6: Forest biodiversity
  • 7: Adaptation of forests and forestry
  • 8: Forest health
  • 9: Exercises or study questions
  • References
  • Chapter 2: Anatomical, chemical, molecular, and genetic basis for tree defenses
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Anatomical aspects of tree defense
  • 3: Metabolomics and chemical aspects of tree defenses
  • 4: Molecular aspects of tree defenses
  • 5: Genetics of tree resistance: Marker-assisted selection, genomic selection (GS), and functional relevance in disease resistance breeding
  • 6: Case studies: Potential of GS in forest tree disease resistance
  • 7: Transgenic trees in host defenses
  • 8: Conclusion
  • 9: Study questions
  • References
  • Part II: Viruses, phytoplasma and other complex diseases
  • Chapter 3: Virus diseases of forest and urban trees
  • Abstract
  • 1: Viruses in deciduous trees
  • 2: Transmission of viruses
  • 3: Diagnosis of viruses—From symptomatology to molecular detection
  • 4: Management strategies
  • 5: Case studies
  • 6: Study questions
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 4: Phytoplasma diseases of trees
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Phytoplasma diseases of temperate fruit trees
  • 3: Phytoplasma diseases of temperate forest trees
  • 4: Phytoplasma diseases of tropical trees
  • 5: Management and control measures
  • 6: Conclusions
  • 7: Exercises or study questions for students
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 5: Witches’ broom disease of birch
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: The genus Taphrina
  • 3: Birch infection and the T. betulina lifecycle
  • 4: Defining characteristics of T. betulina
  • 5: Taphrina species that infect Betula species, and their distribution, ecology, and host specificity
  • 6: Taphrina genomics
  • 7: Impact on birch
  • 8: Symptoms and tumor morphology
  • 9: Study questions for students
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Part III: Bacteria diseases of trees
  • Chapter 6: Bacterial diseases in forest trees
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Bacterial blight diseases of trees
  • 3: Bacterial wilt diseases of forest trees
  • 4: Root and stem galls of woody trees
  • 5: Wetwood disease of woody trees
  • 6: Bacterial leaf scorch disease of trees
  • 7: Bacterial canker of forest trees
  • 8: Identification methods
  • 9: Genetic breeding for bacterial resistance
  • 10: Exercises or study questions
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Part IV: Nematode diseases of forest trees
  • Chapter 7: Pine wilt disease
  • Abstract
  • 1: Occurrence of pine wilt disease
  • 2: Causative agent of pine wilt disease
  • 3: Infection cycle of pine wilt disease
  • 4: The pathogenic mechanism of pinewood nematode
  • 5: Management of pine wilt disease
  • 6: Study questions
  • References
  • Chapter 8: Beech leaf disease (BLD), Litylenchus crenatae and its potential microbial virulence factors
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Beech leaf disease (BLD) history and background
  • 2: Nematode appearance
  • 3: Beech leaf disease anatomy
  • 4: Distribution and pathogenicity
  • 5: Exercises or study questions for students
  • References
  • Part V: Insects and other pests of forest trees
  • Chapter 9: Insect pests of forest trees
  • Abstract
  • 1: How do insects use trees?
  • 2: How does herbivory affect forest biology?
  • 3: Primary and secondary pests
  • 4: Case studies
  • 5: Conclusion
  • 6: Study questions
  • References
  • Chapter 10: Coffee pests
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Coffee berry borer
  • 3: Coffee stem borers
  • 4: Coffee leaf miners
  • 5: Coffee twig borers
  • 6: Coffee root mealybugs
  • 7: Coffee branch mealybugs
  • 8: Coffee scales
  • 9: White grubs
  • 10: Antestia coffee bugs
  • 11: Concluding remarks
  • 12: Study questions
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 11: Eucalyptus pests
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Overview
  • 3: Main pests
  • 4: Biochemical and molecular responses of Eucalyptus resistance to pest attack
  • 5: Final considerations
  • 6: Study questions
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 12: Vertebrate herbivore browsing and impact on forest production
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Impact
  • 3: Control
  • 4: Conclusions
  • 5: Study questions
  • References
  • Part VI: Complex diseases of economically important trees (case examples)
  • Chapter 13: Dynamics of diseases and insect pests of cashew tree
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Overview of major fungal diseases of cashew
  • 3: Descriptions of some important cashew diseases
  • 4: Case study of Lasiodiplodia theobromae on cashew in Nigeria
  • 5: Pests tolerance
  • 6: Overview of insect pests of cashew
  • 7: Ecological impact of major cashew pest
  • 8: General control strategies
  • 9: Concluding remarks
  • 10: Study questions
  • References
  • Chapter 14: Complexes and diversity of pathogens and insect pests of cocoa tree
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Life cycle and etiology of Phytophthora species
  • 3: Host range of Phytophthora species
  • 4: Black pod expression and Phytophthora species on cocoa
  • 5: Black pod disease and quality of cocoa bean
  • 6: Morphology and genomics of Phytophthora species
  • 7: Disease resistance
  • 8: Management of black pod and ecological impact of diseases
  • 9: Insect pests of cocoa in Nigeria
  • 10: Description of prevalent cocoa insect pests
  • 11: Other important general pests of cocoa
  • 12: Pest control strategies
  • 13: Management of cacao diseases in Nigeria
  • 14: Conclusion
  • 15: Study questions
  • References
  • Chapter 15: Eucalyptus fungal diseases
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction on the Eucalyptus trees including economic importance
  • 2: Overview of major fungal diseases of eucalypts
  • 3: Stem cankers: Taxonomy, phylogeny, and geographical distribution
  • 4: Host range
  • 5: Life cycle and etiology (including infection biology and disease symptoms)
  • 6: Ecological impact of stem canker
  • 7: Molecular and genomic studies
  • 8: Disease resistance
  • 9: Disease management (including biocontrol, silvicultural, etc.)
  • 10: Concluding remarks
  • 11: Exercises or study questions
  • References
  • Chapter 16: Oil palm tree diseases
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Basal stem rot disease of oil palm caused by Ganoderma spp.
  • 3: Blast disease
  • 4: Fusarium wilt disease of oil palm
  • 5: Bud rot disease caused by Phytophthora palmivora
  • 6: Marasmius bunch rot
  • 7: Sudden wilt disease of oil palm
  • 8: Phytoplasma lethal wilt of oil palm
  • 9: Thielaviopsis diseases of the oil palm
  • 10: Common spear rot
  • 11: Oil palm leaf spot
  • 12: Exercises or study questions
  • References
  • Chapter 17: Diseases of Acacia and control measures in the tropics
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Common diseases of Acacia
  • 3: Diseases of economic importance
  • 4: Other diseases of potential threat
  • 5: Control measures
  • 6: Invasive species
  • 7: Conclusion
  • 8: Exercises or study questions for students
  • References
  • Chapter 18: Diseases of rubber trees: Malaysia as a case study
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Outlook of rubber industry in Malaysia
  • 3: Important rubber diseases in rubber nursery and plantation
  • 4: Leaf diseases of rubber
  • 5: Root diseases of rubber trees
  • 6: Conclusion and future prospect
  • 7: Exercises or study questions
  • References
  • Chapter 19: Bambusicolous fungi, diseases, and insect pests of bamboo
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Bamboos
  • 2: Bambusicolous fungi and bamboo diseases
  • 3: Major diseases of bamboos
  • 4: Insect pests
  • 5: Pest management
  • 6: Conclusion
  • 7: Study questions
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 474
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: July 29, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780443186943

About the Editors

Fred Asiegbu

Dr Asiegbu has been the professor of forest pathology at the University of Helsinki since 2007. He has a master’s degree in applied microbiology and plant pathology, and a PhD in biotechnology. His major research focus has been the application of biotechnology knowledge and tools for the determination of ecological, molecular and biochemical pathways required by emerging fungal and forest pathogens to spread, infect and cause disease to trees worldwide. He has been a member of the faculty interdisciplinary Master's Programme in Biotechnology and is also an invited professor at Nanjing Forestry University in China.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Forest Pathology, University of Helsinki, Finland

Andriy Kovalchuk

Dr Kovalchuk is a researcher at the University of Helsinki. He has a PhD in molecular biology and has over 30 peer-reviewed journal publications on forest microbiomes.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Scientist, VTT Technical Research Centre and University of Helsinki, Finland

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