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Forest Ecosystems - 3rd Edition - ISBN: 9780123706058, 9780080546087

Forest Ecosystems

3rd Edition

Analysis at Multiple Scales

Authors: Richard Waring Steven Running
eBook ISBN: 9780080546087
Paperback ISBN: 9780123706058
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 10th July 2007
Page Count: 440
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This revision maintains the position of Forest Ecosystems as the one source for the latest information on the advanced methods that have enhanced our understating of forest ecosystems. Further understanding is given to techniques to explore the changes in climatic cycles, the implications of wide-scale pollution, fire and other ecological disturbances that have a global effect. The inclusion of models, equations, graphs, and tabular examples provides readers with a full understanding of the methods and techniques.

Key Features

  • Includes a revised section on important advances in regional scale analyses
  • Features an update to global scale analyses including revised color images
  • Provides a detailed comparison of predicted vs. observed tree diversity across 65 eco-regions


Researchers and individuals interested in ecology, forestry, plant and environmental sciences; advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, faculty in forestry and ecology programs

Table of Contents

  1. Forest Ecosystem Analysis at Multiple Time and Space Scales

    I. Introduction

    II. The Scientific Domain of Forest Ecosystem Analysis

    III. The Space/Time Domain of Ecosystem Analysis

    IV. Time and Space Scaling from the Stand/Seasonal Level

    V. Management Applications of Ecosystem Analysis

    VI. Related Textbooks

    VII. Web Site for Updated Materials

    Section I. Introduction to Analysis of Seasonal Cycles of Water, Carbon, and Minerals through Forest Stands

    2. Water Cycles

    I. Introduction

    II. Heat and Water Vapor Transfer from Vegetation

    III. Water Flow through Trees

    IV. Water Storage and Losses from Snow

    V. Water Flow across and through Soil

    VI. Coupled Water Balance Models

    VII. Summary

    3. Carbon Cycle

    I. Introduction

    II. Photosynthesis

    III. Autotrophic Respiration

    IV. Heterotrophic Respiration

    V. Modeling Photosynthesis and Respiration

    VI. Net Primary Production and Allocation

    VII. Comparison of Forest Ecosystem Models

    VIII. Summary

    4. Mineral Cycles

    I. Introduction

    II. Plant Processes Affecting Nutrient Cycling

    III. Sources of Nutrients

    IV. Soil and Litter Processes

    V. Mass Balance and Models of Mineral Cycles

    VI. Summary

    Section II. Introduction to Temporal Scaling

    5. Temporal Changes in Forest Structure and Function

    I. Introduction

    II. Structural Stages in Stand Development

    III. Functional Responses of Stands at Different Stages in Development

    IV. Looking Back in Time

    V. Ecosystem Models, Projections Forward in Time

    VI. Summary

    6. Susceptibility and Response of Forests to Disturbance

    I. Introduction

    II. Biotic Factors

    III. Abiotic Factors

    IV. Summary

    Section III. Introduction to Spatial Scaling and Spatial/Temporal Modeling

    7. Spatial Scaling Methods for Landscape and Regional Ecosystem Analysis

    I. Introduction

    II. Abiotic Site Variables

    III. Providing the Driving Variables, Climatology

    IV. Describing the Ecosystem

    V. Spatially Explicit Landscape Pattern Analysis

    VI. Data Layer Inconsistencies

    VII. Summary

    8. Regional and Landscape Ecological Analysis

    I. Introduction

    II. Horizontal Connections: Biotic Analysis of Forest Patterns

    III. Vertical Connections: Forest-Atmosphere Interactions

    IV. Vertical and Horizontal Connections: Regional Biogeochemistry

    V. Summary

    9. The Role of Forests in Global Ecology

    I. Introduction

    II. Global Forest Distribution

    III. Forest-Climate Interactions

    IV. Forests in the Global Carbon Cycle

    V. Forests and Biodiversity

    VI. Sustainability of Global Forests

    VII. Summary

    10. Advances in Eddy-Flux Analyses, Remote Sensing, and Evidence of Climate Change

    I. Introduction

    II. Eddy-Covariance Fluxes

    III. New Remote Sensing of Forests

    IV. Climate Change and Forests





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© Academic Press 2007
10th July 2007
Academic Press
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About the Authors

Richard Waring Dr. Waring is an accomplished writter and professor of forest science. His notable publications include the first edition of Forest Ecosystems written in 1985. Waring, R.H. and W.H. Schlesinger. 1985. Forest ecosystems: Concepts and management. Academic Press, Inc., Orlando, FL. 338 p

Affiliations and Expertise

Oregon State University, Corvallis, U.S.A.

Steven Running

Steven W. Running is trained as a terrestrial ecologist, receiving the B.S. (1972) and M.S. (1973) degrees from Oregon State University, and the Ph.D. (1979) degree in Forest Ecology from Colorado State University. He has been with the University of Montana, Missoula, since 1979, where he is a Professor of Ecology. His primary research interest is the development of global and regional ecosystem biogeochemical models by integration of remote sensing with climatology and terrestrial ecology. He is a Team Member for the NASA Earth Observing System, Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer and is responsible for the EOS global terrestrial net primary production and evaporative index datasets. He has published over 240 scientific articles. He currently serves on the standing Committee for Earth Studies of the National Research Council, and on the federal Interagency Carbon Cycle Science Committee. He is a Co-Chair of the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate System Model Land Working Group, a Member of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program Executive Committee, and the World Climate Research Program, Global Terrestrial Observing System. Dr. Running is a chapter Lead Author for the 4th Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Prof. Running is an elected Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and is designated a Highly Cited Researcher by the Institute for Scientific Information.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Montana, Missoula, U.S.A.


Praise for previous editions:
"Represents a tour de force of modeling, synthesis and integration. I doubt there is anyone else who would be able to pull all this together in a credible way. The authors have succeeded admirably in capturing the essence of landscape processes, their description and simulation." --Ron Neilson, USDA Forest Service and Oregon State University, Corvallis

"A nice synthesis and textbookfor forest ecosystems. The depth and breadth of their synthesis is admirable, and the work is well-balanced. The book will be a major contribution."  --Michael G. Ryan, USDA Forest Service, Fort Collins

"There is a huge wealth of exciting information in this book. I loved the focus on models. This will be a great book and it will be widely used." --Kate Lajtha, Oregon State University, Corvallis

"The idea of putting this ecosystem textbook into a modeling framework is a very significant improvement over the 1985 book. Putting scaling as the over-arching theme makes this book most timely." --Hank Margolis, NASA Biospheric Sciences Branch

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