Forest Ecosystems

3rd Edition

Analysis at Multiple Scales

Authors: Richard Waring Steven Running
Paperback ISBN: 9780123706058
eBook ISBN: 9780080546087
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 10th July 2007
Page Count: 440
Tax/VAT will be calculated at check-out
Compatible Not compatible
VitalSource PC, Mac, iPhone & iPad Amazon Kindle eReader
ePub & PDF Apple & PC desktop. Mobile devices (Apple & Android) Amazon Kindle eReader
Mobi Amazon Kindle eReader Anything else

Institutional Access


This revision maintains the position of Forest Ecosystems as the one source for the latest information on the advanced methods that have enhanced our understating of forest ecosystems. Further understanding is given to techniques to explore the changes in climatic cycles, the implications of wide-scale pollution, fire and other ecological disturbances that have a global effect. The inclusion of models, equations, graphs, and tabular examples provides readers with a full understanding of the methods and techniques.

Key Features

  • Includes a revised section on important advances in regional scale analyses
  • Features an update to global scale analyses including revised color images
  • Provides a detailed comparison of predicted vs. observed tree diversity across 65 eco-regions


researchers and individuals interested in ecology, forestry, plant and environmental sciences; advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, faculty in forestry and ecology programs

Table of Contents

Preface to the Third Edition Preface to the Second Edition Preface to the First Edition Acknowledgments

  1. Forest Ecosystem Analysis at Multiple Time and Space Scales I. Introduction II. The Scientific Domain of Forest Ecosystem Analysis III. The Space/Time Domain of Ecosystem Analysis IV. Time and Space Scaling from the Stand/Seasonal Level V. Management Applications of Ecosystem Analysis VI. Related Textbooks VII. Web Site for Updated Materials Section I. Introduction to Analysis of Seasonal Cycles of Water, Carbon, and Minerals through Forest Stands
    1. Water Cycles I. Introduction II. Heat and Water Vapor Transfer from Vegetation III. Water Flow through Trees IV. Water Storage and Losses from Snow V. Water Flow across and through Soil VI. Coupled Water Balance Models VII. Summary
    2. Carbon Cycle I. Introduction II. Photosynthesis III. Autotrophic Respiration IV. Heterotrophic Respiration V. Modeling Photosynthesis and Respiration VI. Net Primary Production and Allocation VII. Comparison of Forest Ecosystem Models VIII. Summary
    3. Mineral Cycles I. Introduction II. Plant Processes Affecting Nutrient Cycling III. Sources of Nutrients IV. Soil and Litter Processes V. Mass Balance and Models of Mineral Cycles VI. Summary Section II. Introduction to Temporal Scaling
    4. Temporal Changes in Forest Structure and Function I. Introduction II. Structural Stages in Stand Development III. Functional Responses of Stands at Different Stages in Development IV. Looking Back in Time V. Ecosystem Models, Projections Forward in Time VI. Summary
    5. Susceptibility and Response of Forests to Disturbance I.


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2007
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
Paperback ISBN:

About the Author

Richard Waring Dr. Waring is an accomplished writter and professor of forest science. His notable publications include the first edition of Forest Ecosystems written in 1985. Waring, R.H. and W.H. Schlesinger. 1985. Forest ecosystems: Concepts and management. Academic Press, Inc., Orlando, FL. 338 p

Affiliations and Expertise

Oregon State University, Corvallis, U.S.A.

Steven Running

Steven W. Running is trained as a terrestrial ecologist, receiving the B.S. (1972) and M.S. (1973) degrees from Oregon State University, and the Ph.D. (1979) degree in Forest Ecology from Colorado State University. He has been with the University of Montana, Missoula, since 1979, where he is a Professor of Ecology. His primary research interest is the development of global and regional ecosystem biogeochemical models by integration of remote sensing with climatology and terrestrial ecology. He is a Team Member for the NASA Earth Observing System, Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer and is responsible for the EOS global terrestrial net primary production and evaporative index datasets. He has published over 240 scientific articles. He currently serves on the standing Committee for Earth Studies of the National Research Council, and on the federal Interagency Carbon Cycle Science Committee. He is a Co-Chair of the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate System Model Land Working Group, a Member of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program Executive Committee, and the World Climate Research Program, Global Terrestrial Observing System. Dr. Running is a chapter Lead Author for the 4th Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Prof. Running is an elected Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and is designated a Highly Cited Researcher by the Institute for Scientific Information.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Montana, Missoula, U.S.A.


Praise for previous editions: "Represents a tour de force of modeling, synthesis and integration. I doubt there is anyone else who would be able to pull all this together in a credible way. The authors have succeeded admirably in capturing the essence of landscape processes, their description and simulation." --Ron Neilson, USDA Forest Service and Oregon State University, Corvallis "A nice synthesis and textbookfor forest ecosystems. The depth and breadth of their synthesis is admirable, and the work is well-balanced. The book will be a major contribution." --Michael G. Ryan, USDA Forest Service, Fort Collins "There is a huge wealth of exciting information in this book. I loved the focus on models. This will be a great book and it will be widely used." --Kate Lajtha, Oregon State University, Corvallis "The idea of putting this ecosystem textbook into a modeling framework is a very significant improvement over the 1985 book. Putting scaling as the over-arching theme makes this book most timely." --Hank Margolis, NASA Biospheric Sciences Branch