Population ageing. Biological theories of ageing. Physiological changes in the ageing of the foot and ankle. Epidemiology of foot problems in older people. Functional implications of foot problems in older people. Assessment of the older patient. Common foot problems and their management. Foot and ankle manifestations of common systemic conditions. Wound management in older people. Footwear and orthotic considerations. Surgical considerations. Outcome measurement. Geriatrics as a speciality area.