Foot and Ankle Biomechanics

Foot and Ankle Biomechanics

1st Edition - December 5, 2022

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  • Editors: William Ledoux, Scott Telfer
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128154496
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128154373

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Foot and Ankle Biomechanics is a one source, comprehensive and modern reference regarding foot and ankle biomechanics. This text serves as both a master reference for foot biomechanics, presenting a clear state of the research and capabilities in the field. The customers for this book will be those looking for information on foot and ankle biomechanics for a range of applications; for example, designers of orthotics.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive overview of the science of foot and ankle biomechanics that is presented in an easily accessible format
  • Presents normative data and descriptions relating to the structure and function of the foot and ankle, along with comparisons to pathological conditions
  • Includes multimedia content to support modeling and simulation chapters


Foot and ankle biomechanics researchers, bioengineers, graduate students in biomechanics

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction
    1.1 Foot Anatomy
    1.2 Basic Biomechanics
    1.3 Anatomical Nomenclature

    2. Function
    2.1 Kinematics and Kinetics of the Foot
    2.2 Bone, Cartilage, and Joint Function
    2.3 Musculotendonous
    2.4 Ligamentous
    2.5 Plantar soft tissues

    3. Measurement and Analysis Techniques Kinematics and Kinetics
    3.1 Multisegment foot models
    3.2 Bone pins
    3.3 Biplane fluoroscopy
    3.4 Plantar pressure and ground reaction forces
    3.5 EMG, Dynamometers
    3.6 Wearable technology Imaging
    3.7 Radiographs
    3.8 CT (bone shape, QCT)
    3.9 MRI
    3.10 Ultrasound
    3.11 3D scanning Simulation and Modeling
    3.12 Cadaveric Gait Simulation
    3.13 Finite element modeling
    3.14 Musculoskeletal modeling
    3.15 Joint congruency
    3.16 Tissue modeling

    4. Clinical Biomechanics of the Foot and Ankle
    4.1 Clinical Foot Examination
    4.2 Foot Type
    4.3 Traumatic Foot Injuries
    4.4 Pediatric Foot
    4.5 Neurological Foot Pathology (Cerebral Palsy, stroke, Charcot-Marie-Tooth)
    4.6 Chronic Instability and Overuse Injuries
    4.7 Anatomical Variation
    4.8 Hallux Valgus
    4.9 Osteoathritis
    4.10 Diabetic Foot Disease
    4.11 Rheumatic Foot Disease
    4.12 Aging Foot
    4.13 Footwear Biomechanics

    5. Clincial Interventions
    5.1 Foot Orthotics
    5.2 Ankle Foot Orthotics
    5.3 Diabetic Footwear
    5.4 Rocker Bottom Shoes
    5.5 Canes/Walkers
    5.6 Flatfoot/Cavus Reconstructions (mco, ccda, evans, Z)
    5.7 Hindfoot Fusion
    5.8 Hallux Valgus Treatments
    5.9 Fracture Fixation
    5.10 Arthroplasty/Arthrodesis

Product details

  • No. of pages: 812
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: December 5, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128154496
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128154373

About the Editors

William Ledoux

Associate Professor at Center for Limb Loss and Mobility (CLIMB) at the University of Washington Dr. Ledoux's research has been devoted to preventing limb loss, either functionally or anatomically. He has 18 years professional experience in this research field. He has used CT, MRI, motion analysis, and more recently, a custom developed biplane fluoroscope, to quantify reduced lower limb function (i.e., functional limb loss) in different foot types (flat feet and high arched) compared to neutrally aligned feet. He has studied the functional aspects of various orthopedic foot maladies using the custom developed Robotic Gait Simulator. Additionally, he has explored functional differences between ankle fusion and ankle joint replacement for end-stage ankle arthritis. Anatomical limb loss prevention has involved quantifying the mechanical, histological and biochemical differences between normal and diabetic plantar soft tissue and foot ligaments. Dr. Ledoux has also developed a patient-specific finite element foot model, including customized anatomy and tissue properties, for the purpose of quantifying the effects of increased tissue stiffness and foot deformity on internal tissue stresses.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Center for Limb Loss and Mobility (CLIMB), University of Washington, USA

Scott Telfer

Scott Telfer is a Research Assistant Professor in the Department of Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine at the University of Washington, Seattle with affiliate positions at the Center for Limb Loss and MoBility (CLiMB), VA Puget Sound, Seattle, and the Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle. He has spent the last 10 years studying the biomechanics of the foot and ankle with a focus on orthotic interventions, computational simulation, and measurement technologies.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States; Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States; RR&D Center for Limb Loss and MoBility (CLiMB), VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA, United States

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