Fools and Heroes

Fools and Heroes

The Changing Role of Communist Intellectuals in Czechoslovakia

1st Edition - January 1, 1980

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  • Author: Peter Hruby
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483139777

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Description

Fools and Heroes: The Changing Role of Communist Intellectuals in Czechoslovakia details two crucial years of 1948 and 1968 that marked the climax of contradictory developments, namely, the acceptance and repudiation of Soviet ideology and statecraft. Organized into three parts, this book begins with the class struggle and moral problems in Czechoslovakia. Subsequent part explores the economic problems and social history of the nation. The search for truth in terms of history, philosophy, and politics is also addressed.

Table of Contents


  • List of Abbreviations

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction (Aims of the Work, Its Methods and Contribution)

    Part I The Glass Struggle and Moral Problems

    Chapter 1. Moral and National Hara-Kiri

    Chapter 2. "We are Charlatans Who Passed Ourselves off as Surgeons"

    Chapter 3. "We Have Learned from our Own Blunders"

    Chapter 4. "From a Blockhead to a Human Being"

    Chapter 5. "Without the Benefit of Humanism and Justice"

    Part II Economic Problems and Social History

    Chapter 1. The ČSR: Workers and Intellectuals in a Soviet Economy

    1. Cast of Actors

    2. Fears, Hopes and Illusions (1945-8)

    3. Stalin's Hand

    4. Workers' Opposition (1948-53)

    5. Intellectuals' Collaboration (1948-56)

    6. The New Course and Hesitant De-Stalinization

    7. Popular Roots of Revisionism: Workers in a "Workers' State" (1956-9)

    8. White Collar Reaction to Pressure from below

    9. Conclusion

    Chapter 2. The ČSSR: Economic Reform and Scientific-Technical Revolution?

    1. Economic Failure and Intellectual Power

    2. Workers Opposed, Intellectuals Changing

    3. The Decisive Year 1963: From Economic Stagnation to Economic Discussion

    4. Problems of the New Economic Model

    5. Political and Social Conditions of the Scientific-Technical Revolution

    6. Workers' Activism before and after the Invasion

    7. The Intelligentsia in 1968

    8. Human versus Soviet Face of Socialism

    9. Abnormalizing the Normal (Intellectuals)

    10. Abnormalizing the Normal (Workers)

    Chapter 3. Patterns of Stratification: Workers and Intellectuals

    The Theme

    1. First Stage: Imported Stalinism

    2. Second Stage: Reforms

    3. Restoration and Revenge

    4. Conclusion: The Advantages and Limitations of Sociology

    Part III Searching for Truth and Reality

    Chapter I. In History

    1. The Re-Educators

    2. Karel Bartošek: From Stalinism to the New Left

    3. Josef Macek: Communist "Hussitism", A Career, and Cautious Compromising

    4. Milan Hübl, Gustáw Husák, and Some Other Retrievers of the Past

    5. Husák and Hübl: Moscow Time Again

    Chapter 2. In Philosophy

    1. On the Warpath (1945-8)

    2. Stalinist Philosophy (1949-54)

    3. Post-Stalinist Rebirth

    4. Milan Machovec: Could Jesus Help the Marxists?

    5. Ivan Sviták: The Strategy of Truth

    6. Miroslaw Kusý: The Strategy of Probing the LimIts

    7. The Question of Internationalism

    Chapter 3. In Politics

    1. Student Leader Purging Students

    2. Anti-Colonial Fight Led from A Colony

    3. A TV View of the Castle

    4. Revolution by Television

    5. Carnegijsky: How to Turn Friends into Enemies

    6. The Beliefs of Youth

    7. Why do they Collaborate?

    8. Towards Euro-Communism?

    Conclusion (Aberration, Recovery, Lost and Found, Realism, Russian Tyranny)

    Bibliography

    Name Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 288
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1980
  • Published: January 1, 1980
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483139777

About the Author

Peter Hruby

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