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1. Foams and their applications
2. Foam technologies
3. Gas foaming with Physical Blowing Agents
4. Supercritical fluids
5. Sorption thermodynamics of low molecular weight compounds in polymers
6. Mass transport
7. Interfacial tension
8. Rheological properties
9. Thermal properties
10. Bubble Nucleation
11. Bubble Growth
12. Continuous processing
13. Batch processing
14. Molding Processes
15. Ongoing research and future research challenges
Foaming with Supercritical Fluids provides a comprehensive description of the use of supercritical fluids as blowing agents in polymer foaming. To this aim, the fundamental issues on which the proper design and control of such a process are rooted are discussed in detail, with specific attention devoted to (1) the theoretical and experimental aspects of sorption thermodynamics of a blowing agent within a polymer, (2) the effect of the absorbed blowing agent on the thermal, interfacial and rheological properties of the expanding matter, and (3) the phase separation of the gaseous phase and of the related bubble nucleation and growth phenomena. Several foaming technologies based on the use of supercritical blowing agents are then described, addressing the main issues in the light of the underlying chemical-physical phenomena.
- Offers strong fundamentals on polymer properties important on foaming
- Outlines the use of Supercritical Fluids for foaming
- Covers several steps leading to the foam formation from a modelling as well as theoretical point of view, including foam formation of the polymer/gas solution to the setting of the final foam
- Discusses the several processing technologies and applications
Graduate and undergraduate students; industry specialists
- No. of pages:
- © Elsevier 2021
- 1st November 2021
- Hardcover ISBN:
Dr. Erdogan Kiran is a Professor of Chemical Engineering at Virginia Tech where he was the department head from 2000-2005. He received his B.Sc. degree from MIT, an M.Sc. from Cornell University, and a Ph.D. from Princeton University, all in chemical engineering. He is internationally recognized for his research which is at the crossroads of polymer science, supercritical fluid, and high pressure techniques. He is the founding editor and the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Supercritical Fluids. He is also the Editor of the Elsevier Book series on Supercritical Fluid Science and Technology.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Virginia Tech, USA
Ernesto Di Maio is professor of Materials Science and Technology at the Dept. of Chemical, Materials and Production Engineering of the University of Naples Federico II, Italy. His research interests are within the fields of polymer processing, composites and the physical properties of polymer/blowing agent solutions. The main focus of the scientific activity is on polymeric foams, both thermoplastic and thermosetting, on their processing technologies and the process-structure relationship, with the aim of tailoring the density and the morphology of the foams to achieve high value-added products. He is author of 90 publications on peer reviewed international journals, of 12 book chapters and of 7 International patents.
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, dei Materiali e della Produzione Industriale, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
Salvatore Iannace is a senior scientist of the National Research Council of Italy. He is currently the Director of the Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie Chimiche “Giulio Natta” (SCITEC-CNR). His principal research interests lie in the fields of sustainable multicomponent and multi-scale foams. The main focus of the scientific activity is on the development of novel biobased materials used for thermoplastic and thermosetting composites and foams as well as on their manufacturing technologies. He chaired the international conferences on Biofoams in Italy since the first edition in 2007 and co-chaired the other editions in Canada and China. He has published ca. 150 papers in international refereed journals,1 book, 21 book chapters, 5 patents and delivered ca. 190 conference papers.
Istituto per i Polimeri, Compositi e Biomateriali - IPCB, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Portici, Naples, Italy
Giuseppe Mensitieri is professor of Materials Science and Technology at the Dept. of Chemical, Materials and Production Engineering of the University of Naples Federico II, Italy, where he has also served as Coordinator of the Ph.D. program in Industrial Product and Process Engineering. His research interests concern the general field of thermodynamics and structure-properties relationships of polymeric materials and their composites. The main focus of the scientific activity is on the theoretical and experimental aspects of sorption thermodynamics and mass transport of low molecular weight compounds in polymers, composites and organic/inorganic hybrids, on the interactional issues related to polymer mixtures and on the environmental resistance of polymer based materials. He is author of 140 publications on peer reviewed international journals, of 14 book chapters and of 6 International patents.
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, dei Materiali e della Produzione Industriale - DICMaPI, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
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