Foaming with Supercritical Fluids

Foaming with Supercritical Fluids

1st Edition - November 6, 2021

Write a review

  • Authors: Ernesto Di Maio, Salvatore Iannace, Giuseppe Mensitieri
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444637246
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444637369

Purchase options

Purchase options
Available
DRM-free (PDF, EPub)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order

Description

Foaming with Supercritical Fluids, Volume Nine provides a comprehensive description of the use of supercritical fluids as blowing agents in polymer foaming. To this aim, the fundamental issues on which the proper design and control of this process are rooted are discussed in detail, with specific attention devoted to the theoretical and experimental aspects of sorption thermodynamics of a blowing agent within a polymer, the effect of the absorbed blowing agent on the thermal, interfacial and rheological properties of the expanding matter, and the phase separation of the gaseous phase, and of the related bubble nucleation and growth phenomena. Several foaming technologies based on the use of supercritical blowing agents are then described, addressing the main issues in the light of the underlying chemical-physical phenomena.

Key Features

  • Offers strong fundamentals on polymer properties important on foaming
  • Outlines the use of supercritical fluids for foaming
  • Covers theoretical points-of-view, including foam formation of the polymer/gas solution to the setting of the final foam
  • Discusses the several processing technologies and applications

Readership

Graduate and undergraduate students; industry specialists

Table of Contents

  • 1. Foams and their applications
    2. Foam technologies
    3. Gas foaming with physical blowing agents
    4. Supercritical fluids
    5. Sorption thermodynamics of low molecular weight compounds in polymers
    6. Mass transport of low molecular weight compounds in polymers
    7. Interfacial tension
    8. Rheological properties
    9. Thermal properties of polymer-penetrant mixtures
    10. Bubble nucleation
    11. Bubble growth
    12. Continuous processing
    13. Batch processing
    14. Molding processes
    15. Ongoing research and future research challenges

Product details

  • No. of pages: 484
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: November 6, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444637246
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444637369

About the Authors

Ernesto Di Maio

Ernesto Di Maio is professor of Materials Science and Technology at the Dept. of Chemical, Materials and Production Engineering of the University of Naples Federico II, Italy. His research interests are within the fields of polymer processing, composites and the physical properties of polymer/blowing agent solutions. The main focus of the scientific activity is on polymeric foams, both thermoplastic and thermosetting, on their processing technologies and the process-structure relationship, with the aim of tailoring the density and the morphology of the foams to achieve high value-added products. He is author of 90 publications on peer reviewed international journals, of 12 book chapters and of 7 International patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, dei Materiali e della Produzione Industriale, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy

Salvatore Iannace

Salvatore Iannace is a senior scientist of the National Research Council of Italy. He is currently the Director of the Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie Chimiche “Giulio Natta” (SCITEC-CNR). His principal research interests lie in the fields of sustainable multicomponent and multi-scale foams. The main focus of the scientific activity is on the development of novel biobased materials used for thermoplastic and thermosetting composites and foams as well as on their manufacturing technologies. He chaired the international conferences on Biofoams in Italy since the first edition in 2007 and co-chaired the other editions in Canada and China. He has published ca. 150 papers in international refereed journals,1 book, 21 book chapters, 5 patents and delivered ca. 190 conference papers.

Affiliations and Expertise

Istituto per i Polimeri, Compositi e Biomateriali - IPCB, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Portici, Naples, Italy

Giuseppe Mensitieri

Giuseppe Mensitieri is professor of Materials Science and Technology at the Dept. of Chemical, Materials and Production Engineering of the University of Naples Federico II, Italy, where he has also served as Coordinator of the Ph.D. program in Industrial Product and Process Engineering. His research interests concern the general field of thermodynamics and structure-properties relationships of polymeric materials and their composites. The main focus of the scientific activity is on the theoretical and experimental aspects of sorption thermodynamics and mass transport of low molecular weight compounds in polymers, composites and organic/inorganic hybrids, on the interactional issues related to polymer mixtures and on the environmental resistance of polymer based materials. He is author of 140 publications on peer reviewed international journals, of 14 book chapters and of 6 International patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, dei Materiali e della Produzione Industriale - DICMaPI, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy

About the Series Editor

Erdogan Kiran

Dr. Erdogan Kiran is a Professor of Chemical Engineering at Virginia Tech where he was the department head from 2000-2005. He received his B.Sc. degree from MIT, an M.Sc. from Cornell University, and a Ph.D. from Princeton University, all in chemical engineering. He is internationally recognized for his research which is at the crossroads of polymer science, supercritical fluid, and high pressure techniques. He is the founding editor and the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Supercritical Fluids. He is also the Editor of the Elsevier Book series on Supercritical Fluid Science and Technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Chemical Engineering, Virginia Tech, USA

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Foaming with Supercritical Fluids"