1 Introduction to Fluoropolymers What are Fluoropolymers? Fundamental Properties of Fluoropolymers Developmental History of Fluoropolymers Examples of Uses of Fluoropolymers 2 Materials of Construction Historical Background Definition of Polymer-based Materials Comparison Between Polymer-based Materials and Metals Applications of Polymer-based Materials for Corrosion Control 3 Properties of Neat (Unfilled) and Filled Fluoropolymers Influence of Processing on Fluoroplastics Chemical Compatibility of Fluoropolymers Permeation Fundamentals Environmental Stress Cracking Properties and Characteristics of PTFE Properties and Characteristics of Melt-processible Fluoroplastics 4 Selecting Fluoropolymers for Corrosion Control Economics of Selecting Fluoropolymers Preparing to Determine Compatibility Current Technology for Determining Compatibility 5 Manufacturing of Parts from Polytetrafluoroetylene Polymers Granular Resin Processing Fine Powder Resin Processing Fluoropolymer Dispersion Processing 6 Manufacturing Parts from Melt-processible Fluoropolymers Materials of Construction Rheology of Fluoropolymer Melts Thermal Stability of Fluoropolymers Melt Extrusion Fluoropolymer Tube Extrusion Fluoropolymer Film Extrusion Injection Molding Rotational Molding Other Part Manufactuing Techniques Vacuum Bagging 7 Fabrication Techniques for Fluoropolymers Machining Adhesive Bondinig Methods Welding and Joining Heat Bonding Thermoforming Other Processes 8 Design and Construction of Linings and Vessels Lining of Vessels Lining of Pipes and Fittings Lined Valves Lined Hoses Lined Expansion Joints Lining or Coatings of Internals Design and Fabrication of Vessels for Lining Shop versus Field Fabrication 9 Operations and Maintenance Operations Maintenance Repairs 10 Failure Analysis Part Failure Defect Analysis Application of Failure Analysis Methodology Surface Analysis Examples of Failure Analysis Physical Defects Due to Part Fabrication 11 Modeling and Mechanical Analysis of Fluoropolymer Components Review of Modeling Techniques Currently Available Material Models Failure and Deformation Principles Examples 12 Cost Analysis Cost Analysis 13 Safety, Disposal, and Recycling of Fluoropolymers Toxicology of Fluoropolymers Thermal Properties of Fluoropolymers Emission During Processing Safety Measures Food Contact and Medical Applications Fluoropolymer Scrap and Recycling Environmental Protection and Disposal Method 14 Future Trends Fluoropolymer Applications Fluoropolymer Resin Manufacturing Growth of Fluoropolymer Industries Technological Needs of Chemical Processing Industry
Appendix I: Permeation Properties of Perfluoroplastics Appendix II: Permeation Properties of Partially Fluorinated Fluoroplastics Appendix III: Permeation of Automotive Fuels Through Fluoroplastics Appendix IV: Permeation of Organic and Inorganic Chemicals Through Fluoroplastic Films Appendix V: Chemical Resistance of Thermoplastics Glossary Trademarks Index
This is a self-contained collection of data and information on applications of fluoropolymers components for corrosion control in chemical processing industries. Due to their superior properties, fluoropolymers have been rapidly replacing metal alloys for preserving the purity of processing streams in the chemical processing, plastics, food, pharmaceutical, semiconductor, and pulp and paper industries.
Design engineers, maintenance personnel, chemical engineers, other practicing chemical professionals, materials managers, purchasing professionals, researchers and students in the chemical processing, petroleum refining, food, pharmaceutical, semiconductor, and pulp and paper industries interested in the industrial applications of fluoropolymers. Equipment managers, chemical plant operators, chemical industry engineers in metals and plastics industries.
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- © William Andrew 2004
- 2nd December 2004
- William Andrew
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"This fecund and useful volume sets up lively possibilities for exploring the entire spectrum of fluoropolymer applications in chemical processing industries." - Current Engineering Practice, Vol. 46, 2006
Sina Ebnesajjad is the series editor of Plastics Design Library (PDL) published in the William Andrew imprint of Elsevier. This Series is a unique series, comprising technology and applications handbooks, data books and practical guides tailored to the needs of practitioners. Sina was the editor-in-chief of William Andrew Publishing from 2005 to 2007, which was acquired by Elsevier in 2009.
He retired as a Senior Technology Associate in 2005 from the DuPont fluoropolymers after nearly 24 years of service. Sina founded of FluoroConsultants Group, LLC in 2006 where he continues to work. Sina earned his Bachelor of Science from the School of Engineering of the University of Tehran in 1976, Master of Science and PhD from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, all in Chemical Engineering.
He is author, editor and co-author of fifteen technical and data books including five handbooks on fluoropolymers technology and applications. He is author and co-author of three books in surface preparation and adhesion of materials, two of which are in their second editions. Sina has been involved with technical writing and publishing since 1974.
His experiences include fluoropolymer technologies (polytetrafluoroethylene and its copolymers) including polymerization, finishing, fabrication, product development, failure analysis, market development and technical service. Sina holds six patents.
Fluoroconsultants Group, Chadds Ford, PA, USA
Pradip R. Khaladkar has been a Principal Consultant at DuPont Performance Chemicals (now Chemours) for over 37 years, and previously worked as a Senior Materials Engineer for BASF. He specializes in plastics, elastomers and composite materials for chemical handling and corrosion testing of polymers.
DuPont Engineering Technology, Delaware, USA