Fluoroplastics, Volume 1

Fluoroplastics, Volume 1

Non-Melt Processible Fluoroplastics

1st Edition - May 1, 2000

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  • Authors: Sina Ebnesajjad, Sina Ebnesajjad
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517276

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Description

Today, a generational change is taking place in the fluoropolymer industry. The pioneers of PTFE developed an astonishing mass of basic and applied technical work. Now many of these experts are retiring and a new generation is taking their place. This new generation brings a plethora of skills, built upon the basic knowledge of fluoropolymer technology. Speaking to the needs of today's engineering and science students and practicing professionals, this book provides an in-depth treatment of homofluoropolymer polymerization and part fabrication technology. A comprehensive range of issues surrounding the manufacturing of the monomer; polymer, fabrication, end-use, safety, and disposal are covered. The book has been arranged to allow self-managed reading and learning. It is both a source of data and a reference.

Readership

Practicing professionals, engineering and science students in the fluoropolymers industry.

Table of Contents

  • Fundamentals
    What Are Fluoropolymers?
    Fundamental Properties of Fluoropolymers
    Developmental History of Fluoropolymers
    Examples of Uses of Fluoropolymers
    Fluoropolymers: Properties and Structure
    Impact of F and C-F Bond on the Properties of PTFE
    Disturbing the PTFE Structure: Perfluorinated Ethylene-Propylene Copolymer (FEP) and Polychlorotrifluoroethylene Reaction Mechanism
    Effect of Solvents on Fluoropolymers
    Molecular Interaction of Fluoropolymers: Low Friction and Low Surface Energy
    Conformations and Transitions of Polytetrafluoroethylene
    Conformations and Transitions of Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE)
    Operational Classification of Fluoropolymers
    TFE Homopolymers
    TFE Copolymers
    CTFE Polymers
    Vinylidene Fluoride Polymers
    Vinyl Fluoride Polymers
    Process Classification
    Fluoropolymer Monomers
    Synthesis of Tetrafluoroethylene
    Properties of Tetrafluoroethylene
    Synthesis of Hexafluoropropylene
    Properties of Hexafluoropropylene
    Synthesis of Perfluoroalkylvinylethers
    Properties of Perfluoroalkylvinylethers
    Synthesis of Chlorotrifluoroethylene
    Properties of Chlorotrifluoroethylene
    Homofluoropolymer Polymerization and Finishing
    Polymerization Mechanism
    Tetrafluoroethylene Polymers
    Preparation of Polytetrafluoroethylene by Suspension Polymerization
    Preparation of Polytetrafluoroethylene by Dispersion Polymerization
    Chlorotrifluoroethylene Polymers and Polymerization
    Characterization of Polytetrafluoroethylene
    Characterization of Polychlorotrifluoroethylene
    Commercial Grades of Homofluoropolymers
    Granular of PTFE
    PTFE Dispersions
    Fine Powder PTFE
    PCTFE Dispersions
    Polychlorotrifluoroethylene Polymers
    Fluoropolymer Manufacturers
    Fabrication and Processing of Polytetrafluoroethylene
    Resin Selection
    Compression Molding
    Automatic Molding
    Isostatic Molding
    Ram Extrusion
    Fabrication and Processing of Fine Powder Polytetrafluoroethylene
    Resin Handling and Storage
    Paste Extrusion Fundamentals
    Extrusion Aid or Lubricant
    Wire Coating
    Extrusion of Tubing
    Unsintered Tape
    Expanded PTFE Manufacturing
    Fine Powder Resin Selection
    Fabrication and Processing of PTFE Dispersions
    Applications
    Storage and Handling
    Principles of Coating Technology
    Dispersion Formulation and Characteristics
    Glass Cloth Coating
    Impregnation of Flax and Polyaramide
    Coating Metal and Hard Surfaces
    PTFE Yarn Manufacturing
    Film Casting
    Anti-Drip Applications
    Filled Bearings
    De-Dusting Powders
    Other Applications
    Processing of Polychlorotrifluoroethylene
    Processing Considerations
    Compression Molding
    Injection Molding
    Extrusion
    Machining and Bonding
    Processing PCTFE Dispersions
    Fluoroadditives
    Feedstock
    Degradation of Polytetrafluoroethylene
    Production Methods
    Commercial Products
    Applications
    Regulatory Compliance
    Filled Fluoropolymer Compounds
    Granular-based Compounds
    Fine Powder-Based Compounds
    Co-Coagulated Compounds
    Processing Compounds
    Typical Properties of Filled Fluoropolymers
    Commercial Products
    Chemical Properties of Fluoropolymers
    Chemical Compatibility of Polytetrafluoroethylene
    Chemical Compatibility of Polychlorotrifluoroethylene
    Permeation Fundamentals
    Permeation Measurement and Data
    Environmental Stress Cracking
    Properties of Tetrafluoroethylene Homopolymers
    Influence of Processing
    Mechanical Properties
    Electrical Properties
    Thermal Behavior
    Irradiation Behavior
    Standard Measurement Methods
    Properties of Chlorotrifluoroethylene Homopolymers
    Crystallinity
    Mechanical Properties
    Electrical Properties
    Thermal Properties
    Irradiation Behavior
    Properties of PCTFE Films
    Fabrication Techniques for Fluoropolymers
    Machining
    Adhesive Bonding Methods
    Welding and Joining
    Thermoforming
    Other Processes
    Typical Applications of Fluoropolymers
    Chemical Processing
    Piping
    Vessels
    CPI Components
    Seals and Gaskets
    Self-Supporting Components
    Trends in Using Fluoropolymers in Chemical Service
    Semiconductor Processing
    Electrical and Mechanical
    Automotive
    Safety, Disposal and Recycling of Fluoropolymers
    Toxicology of Fluoropolymers
    Thermal Properties of Fluoropolymers
    Emission during Processing
    Safety Measures
    Food Contact and Medical Applications
    Fluoropolymer Scrap and Recycling

Product details

  • No. of pages: 370
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2000
  • Published: May 1, 2000
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517276

About the Authors

Sina Ebnesajjad

Sina Ebnesajjad
Sina Ebnesajjad is the series editor of Plastics Design Library (PDL) published in the William Andrew imprint of Elsevier. This Series is a unique series, comprising technology and applications handbooks, data books and practical guides tailored to the needs of practitioners. Sina was the editor-in-chief of William Andrew Publishing from 2005 to 2007, which was acquired by Elsevier in 2009.

He retired as a Senior Technology Associate in 2005 from the DuPont fluoropolymers after nearly 24 years of service. Sina founded of FluoroConsultants Group, LLC in 2006 where he continues to work. Sina earned his Bachelor of Science from the School of Engineering of the University of Tehran in 1976, Master of Science and PhD from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, all in Chemical Engineering.

He is author, editor and co-author of fifteen technical and data books including five handbooks on fluoropolymers technology and applications. He is author and co-author of three books in surface preparation and adhesion of materials, two of which are in their second editions. Sina has been involved with technical writing and publishing since 1974.

His experiences include fluoropolymer technologies (polytetrafluoroethylene and its copolymers) including polymerization, finishing, fabrication, product development, failure analysis, market development and technical service. Sina holds six patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Fluoroconsultants Group, Chadds Ford, PA, USA

Sina Ebnesajjad

Sina Ebnesajjad
Sina Ebnesajjad is the series editor of Plastics Design Library (PDL) published in the William Andrew imprint of Elsevier. This Series is a unique series, comprising technology and applications handbooks, data books and practical guides tailored to the needs of practitioners. Sina was the editor-in-chief of William Andrew Publishing from 2005 to 2007, which was acquired by Elsevier in 2009.

He retired as a Senior Technology Associate in 2005 from the DuPont fluoropolymers after nearly 24 years of service. Sina founded of FluoroConsultants Group, LLC in 2006 where he continues to work. Sina earned his Bachelor of Science from the School of Engineering of the University of Tehran in 1976, Master of Science and PhD from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, all in Chemical Engineering.

He is author, editor and co-author of fifteen technical and data books including five handbooks on fluoropolymers technology and applications. He is author and co-author of three books in surface preparation and adhesion of materials, two of which are in their second editions. Sina has been involved with technical writing and publishing since 1974.

His experiences include fluoropolymer technologies (polytetrafluoroethylene and its copolymers) including polymerization, finishing, fabrication, product development, failure analysis, market development and technical service. Sina holds six patents.

Affiliations and Expertise

Fluoroconsultants Group, Chadds Ford, PA, USA

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