Fluoroelastomers Handbook

Fluoroelastomers Handbook

The Definitive User's Guide

1st Edition - November 2, 2005

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  • Authors: Jiri George Drobny, Albert L. Moore
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780815515173
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517269

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Fluoroelastomers Handbook: The Definitive User's Guide and Databook is a comprehensive reference on fluoroelastomer chemistry, processing technology, and applications. This is a must-have reference for materials scientists and engineers in the automotive, aerospace, chemical, chemical process, and power generation industries. Fluoroelastomers meet rigorous performance requirements in harsh environments, enhancing reliability, safety, and environmental friendliness. Fluoroelastomers are growing as products of choice for critical components such as O-rings, hoses, and seals in hostile fluid and temperature conditions. The first part of this book is an overview of fluorocarbon elastomers, including descriptions of the nature of fluoroelastomers, properties of various compositions, developmental history, and major uses. The second part provides more details of fluoroelastomer technology, including monomer properties and synthesis, polymerization and production processes, cure systems, and processing methods. The third and last part covers fluid resistance of various fluoroelastomer families, major applications of fluoroelastomers, and safety and disposal.


Elastomers engineers, formulators, parts fabricators, materials scientists, polymer chemists, chemical engineers, and plastics engineers in industry (automotive, aerospace, chemical, chemical process, and power).

Table of Contents

  • Part 1: Fluoroelastomers Overview
    1. Fundamentals
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Scope: Fluorocarbon Elastomers
    1.3 Nature of Fluoroelastomers
    1.4 Fundamental Properties
    1.5 Developmental History: Compositions, Cure Technology
    1.6 Major Uses of Fluoroelastomers
    1.7 Producers of Fluoroelastomers
    2. Fluoroelastomer Composition and Properties
    2.1 Fluoroelastomer Composition and Properties
    2.2 VDF/HFP/(TFE) Elastomers
    2.3 VDF/PMVE/TFE Elastomers
    2.4 TFE/PMVE Elastomers
    2.5 TFE/P Elastomers
    2.6 E/TFE/PMVE Elastomers
    Part 2: Fluoroelastomers Technology
    3. Fluoroelastomers Monomers
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Vinylidene Fluoride (VDF)
    3.3 Tetrafluoroethylene (TFE)
    3.4 Hexafluoropropylene (HFP)
    3.5 Perfluoro(Methyl Vinyl Ether) (PMVE)
    3.6 Olefins: Ethylene and Propylene
    3.7 Cure-site Monomers
    3.8 Safety Aspects and Monomer Handling
    4. Production of Fluoroelastomers
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 General Process Description
    4.3 Free Radical Copolymerization
    4.4 Emulsion Polymerization
    4.5 Suspension Polymerization
    4.6 Process Conditions and Polymer Characteristics
    4.7 Monomer Recovery
    4.8 Isolation
    4.9 Process Safety
    4.10 Commercial Process Descriptions
    5. Cure systems for Fluoroelastomers
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 VDF/HFP/(TFE) Copolymers: Diamine, Bisphenol, Peroxide
    5.3 VDF/PMVE/TFE Elastomers: Peroxide (Bisphenol)
    5.4 Perfluoroelastomers - Various Systems
    5.5 TFE/Propylene Elastomers: Peroxide, Bisphenol
    5.6 Ethylene/TFE/PMVE Elastomers: Peroxide, Bisphenol
    6. Processing of Fluoroelastomers
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Mixing
    6.3 Extrusion
    6.4 Molding
    6.5 Calendering
    6.6 Other Processing Methods
    Part 3: Fluoroelastomer Applications
    7. Fluid Resistance of VDF-Containing Fluoroelastomers
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Fluid Resistance Data
    7.3 Discussion of Results
    7.4 Fluid Service Recommendations
    8. Fluid and Heat Resistance of Perfluoroelastomers
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Fluid Resistance Data
    8.3 Heat Resistance Data
    8.4 Resistance to Special Environments
    8.5 Major Applications
    9. Fluid Resistance of TPE-Olefin Fluoroelastomers
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Fluid Resistance of TFE/Propylene Elastomers
    9.3 Fluid Resistance of Ethylene/TFE/PMVE Elastomer
    10. Fluoroelastomer Applications
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Major End Uses
    10.3 Fabrication Methods
    11. Compounds for O-Rings and Molded Goods
    11.1 O-Rings
    11.2 VDF/HFP/TFE Compounds
    11.3 VDF/PMVE/TFE Compounds
    11.4 Seal Design Considerations
    11.5 Additional Fluoroelastomer Molding Compounds
    12. Compounds for Auto Fuel Systems
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Fuel Line Veneer
    12.3 Fuel Tank Components
    12.4 Fuel Injector Seals
    12.5 Development Trends
    13. Compounds for Auto Power Train Service
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 Oil Seal Requirements
    13.3 Compounds for Oil Seals
    13.4 Compounds for Transmission Seals
    14. Compounds for Power Plant Service
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Flue Duct Expansion Joints
    14.3 High-fluorine Terpolymers
    15. Other Fluoroelastomer Applications and Processing
    15.1 Introduction
    15.2 Latex and Coatings
    15.3 Thermoplastic Processing
    15.4 Fluoroelastomer Caulks
    15.5 Processing Aids for Hydrocarbon Plastics
    16. Fluoroelastomer Safety and Disposal
    16.1 Introduction
    16.2 Safety in Production
    16.3 Safety in Applications
    16.4 Disposal
    Appendix: PDL Ratings

Product details

  • No. of pages: 373
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2005
  • Published: November 2, 2005
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780815515173
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517269

About the Authors

Jiri George Drobny

Jiri G. Drobny is President of Drobny Polymer Associates, and former Adjunct Faculty of Plastics Engineering at the University of Massachusetts, Lowell. Drobny is an active educator, lecturer, writer, and internationally known consultant. His career spans more than 40 years in the rubber and plastic processing industry, mainly in research and development with senior and executive responsibilities.

Affiliations and Expertise

Drobny Polymer Associates, Inc.

Albert L. Moore

Affiliations and Expertise

DuPont Elastomer Chemicals Department (retired) ,Delaware, USA

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