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Fluoroelastomers Handbook - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780815515173, 9780815517269

Fluoroelastomers Handbook

1st Edition

The Definitive User's Guide

Authors: Jiri George Drobny Albert L. Moore
Hardcover ISBN: 9780815515173
eBook ISBN: 9780815517269
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 2nd November 2005
Page Count: 373
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Table of Contents

Part 1: Fluoroelastomers Overview
1. Fundamentals
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Scope: Fluorocarbon Elastomers
1.3 Nature of Fluoroelastomers
1.4 Fundamental Properties
1.5 Developmental History: Compositions, Cure Technology
1.6 Major Uses of Fluoroelastomers
1.7 Producers of Fluoroelastomers
2. Fluoroelastomer Composition and Properties
2.1 Fluoroelastomer Composition and Properties
2.2 VDF/HFP/(TFE) Elastomers
2.3 VDF/PMVE/TFE Elastomers
2.4 TFE/PMVE Elastomers
2.5 TFE/P Elastomers
2.6 E/TFE/PMVE Elastomers
Part 2: Fluoroelastomers Technology
3. Fluoroelastomers Monomers
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Vinylidene Fluoride (VDF)
3.3 Tetrafluoroethylene (TFE)
3.4 Hexafluoropropylene (HFP)
3.5 Perfluoro(Methyl Vinyl Ether) (PMVE)
3.6 Olefins: Ethylene and Propylene
3.7 Cure-site Monomers
3.8 Safety Aspects and Monomer Handling
4. Production of Fluoroelastomers
4.1 Introduction
4.2 General Process Description
4.3 Free Radical Copolymerization
4.4 Emulsion Polymerization
4.5 Suspension Polymerization
4.6 Process Conditions and Polymer Characteristics
4.7 Monomer Recovery
4.8 Isolation
4.9 Process Safety
4.10 Commercial Process Descriptions
5. Cure systems for Fluoroelastomers
5.1 Introduction
5.2 VDF/HFP/(TFE) Copolymers: Diamine, Bisphenol, Peroxide
5.3 VDF/PMVE/TFE Elastomers: Peroxide (Bisphenol)
5.4 Perfluoroelastomers - Various Systems
5.5 TFE/Propylene Elastomers: Peroxide, Bisphenol
5.6 Ethylene/TFE/PMVE Elastomers: Peroxide, Bisphenol
6. Processing of Fluoroelastomers
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Mixing
6.3 Extrusion
6.4 Molding
6.5 Calendering
6.6 Other Processing Methods
Part 3: Fluoroelastomer Applications
7. Fluid Resistance of VDF-Containing Fluoroelastomers
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Fluid Resistance Data
7.3 Discussion of Results
7.4 Fluid Service Recommendations
8. Fluid and Heat Resistance of Perfluoroelastomers
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Fluid Resistance Data
8.3 Heat Resistance Data
8.4 Resistance to Special Environments
8.5 Major Applications
9. Fluid Resistance of TPE-Olefin Fluoroelastomers
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Fluid Resistance of TFE/Propylene Elastomers
9.3 Fluid Resistance of Ethylene/TFE/PMVE Elastomer
10. Fluoroelastomer Applications
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Major End Uses
10.3 Fabrication Methods
11. Compounds for O-Rings and Molded Goods
11.1 O-Rings
11.2 VDF/HFP/TFE Compounds
11.3 VDF/PMVE/TFE Compounds
11.4 Seal Design Considerations
11.5 Additional Fluoroelastomer Molding Compounds
12. Compounds for Auto Fuel Systems
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Fuel Line Veneer
12.3 Fuel Tank Components
12.4 Fuel Injector Seals
12.5 Development Trends
13. Compounds for Auto Power Train Service
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Oil Seal Requirements
13.3 Compounds for Oil Seals
13.4 Compounds for Transmission Seals
14. Compounds for Power Plant Service
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Flue Duct Expansion Joints
14.3 High-fluorine Terpolymers
15. Other Fluoroelastomer Applications and Processing
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Latex and Coatings
15.3 Thermoplastic Processing
15.4 Fluoroelastomer Caulks
15.5 Processing Aids for Hydrocarbon Plastics
16. Fluoroelastomer Safety and Disposal
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Safety in Production
16.3 Safety in Applications
16.4 Disposal
Appendix: PDL Ratings


Fluoroelastomers Handbook: The Definitive User's Guide and Databook is a comprehensive reference on fluoroelastomer chemistry, processing technology, and applications. This is a must-have reference for materials scientists and engineers in the automotive, aerospace, chemical, chemical process, and power generation industries. Fluoroelastomers meet rigorous performance requirements in harsh environments, enhancing reliability, safety, and environmental friendliness. Fluoroelastomers are growing as products of choice for critical components such as O-rings, hoses, and seals in hostile fluid and temperature conditions.

The first part of this book is an overview of fluorocarbon elastomers, including descriptions of the nature of fluoroelastomers, properties of various compositions, developmental history, and major uses. The second part provides more details of fluoroelastomer technology, including monomer properties and synthesis, polymerization and production processes, cure systems, and processing methods. The third and last part covers fluid resistance of various fluoroelastomer families, major applications of fluoroelastomers, and safety and disposal.


Elastomers engineers, formulators, parts fabricators, materials scientists, polymer chemists, chemical engineers, and plastics engineers in industry (automotive, aerospace, chemical, chemical process, and power).


No. of pages:
© William Andrew 2005
2nd November 2005
William Andrew
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:


"An essential purchase, the handbook is excellent and sure to excite discussion whenever chemistry and physics of fluoroelastomers and technology are discussed." - Current Engineering Practice, Vol. 46, 2006

Ratings and Reviews

About the Authors

Jiri George Drobny

Jiri G. Drobny is President of Drobny Polymer Associates, and former Adjunct Faculty of Plastics Engineering at the University of Massachusetts, Lowell. Drobny is an active educator, lecturer, writer, and internationally known consultant. His career spans more than 40 years in the rubber and plastic processing industry, mainly in research and development with senior and executive responsibilities.

Affiliations and Expertise

Drobny Polymer Associates, Inc.

Albert L. Moore

Affiliations and Expertise

DuPont Elastomer Chemicals Department (retired) ,Delaware, USA