Fluorinated Coatings and Finishes Handbook

Fluorinated Coatings and Finishes Handbook

The Definitive User's Guide

1st Edition - March 16, 2006

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  • Author: Laurence McKeen
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517245

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The Handbook of Fluorinated Coatings and Finishes: The Definitive User's Guide is both a reference and a tutorial for understanding fluoropolymer coatings. It discusses the basics of fluorocoating formulations, including ingredients and production processes. Also covered are the coating and curing processes, and defects and trouble-shooting solutions when things do not work as expected, testing performance, and sample commercial applications. It addresses important questions frequently posed by end-user design engineers, coaters, and coatings suppliers in their quest for superior product qualities and shorter product and process development time.


Design engineers, formulators, coaters, fluoropolymer producers, materials scientists, polymer chemists, chemical engineers, and plastics engineers in industry, sales marketing, business and technical representatives in the fluoropolymer/fluorocoatings industries (aerospace, automotive, chemical, chemical process, consumer goods).

Table of Contents

  • Preface
    1. Fundamentals
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 The Discovery of Fluoropolymers
    1.3 What are Fluoropolymers?
    1.4 Comparison of Fluoropolymer Properties
    2. Producing Monomers, Polymers and Fluoropolymer Finishing
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Monomers
    2.3 Polymerization
    2.4 Finishing
    3. Introductory Fluoropolymer Coating Formulations
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Components of Paint
    3.3 Important Properties of Liquid Coatings
    4. Binders
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Adhesion
    4.3 Non-Fluoropolymer Bindings
    4.4 Effect of Temperature on Properties of Binders
    4.5 Comparison of Properties of Non-Fluoropolymer Binders
    5. Pigments, Fillers and Extenders
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Dispersion of Pigments
    5.3 Measuring Dispersion Quality or Fineness
    5.4 Dispersion Stabilization
    5.5 Pigment or Particle Settling
    5.6 Hard and Soft Settling
    5.7 Functions of Pigments
    5.8 Quantifying Pigment Concentrations in Formulations
    5.9 Commercial Pigment Dispersions
    6. Solvent Systems
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Solids-Viscosity Relationships
    6.3 Viscosity as a Function of Temperature
    6.4 Evaporation
    6.5 Solvent Composition and Evaporation Time
    6.6 Solubility
    6.7 Surface Tension and Wetting
    6.8 N-Methyl-2 Pyrolidone (NMP)
    6.9 Conductivity
    6.10 Flash Point and Autoignition
    7. Additives
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Abrasion Resistance Improvers, Antislip Aids
    7.3 Acid Catalysts
    7.4 Acid Scavengers
    7.5 Adhesion Promoters, Coupling Agents
    7.6 Algaecides, Biocides, Fungicides
    7.7 Anti-Cratering Agent, Fisheye Preventer
    7.8 Anti-Crawling Agent
    7.9 Anti-Foaming Agent, Defoamer
    7.10 Anti-Fouling Agent
    7.11 Rust Inhibitor, Corrosion Inhibitor, Flash Rust Inhibitor
    7.12 Anti-Sage Agent, Colloidal Additives, Thickeners, Rheology Modifiers
    7.13 Anti-Settling Agent
    7.14 Antistatic Agent, Electroconductive Additives
    7.15 Coalescents, Coalescing Agent, Film Forming Agent
    7.16 Deaerators
    7.17 Degassing Agent
    7.18 Dispersant, Dispersing Agent, or Surfactant
    7.19 Flattening Agents
    7.20 UV Absorbers and Stabilizers
    7.21 Lubricants
    7.22 Moisture Scavenger
    7.23 pH Control Agent
    7.24 Summary
    8. Substrate and Substrate Preparation
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Substrates
    8.3 Substrate Preparation
    8.4 Substrate Characterization
    9. Liquid Formulations
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Selecting Ingredients
    9.3 Recipes and Formulas
    9.4 Formulating Water-Based Coatings
    9.5 Solvent-Based Coatings
    9.6 Soluble Fluoropolymers
    9.7 Mixing Liquid Coatings Prior to Use
    9.8 Filtering/Straining
    9.9 Shelf Life
    9.10 Commercial Producers and Their Product Lines
    10. Application of Liquid Coatings
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Liquid Spray Coating Application Technologies and Techniques
    10.3 Liquid Bulk or Direct Coating Application Techniques
    11. Powder Coating Fluoropolymers
    11.1 What is Powder Coating?
    11.2 Spray Powder Coating Process
    11.3 Thick Film Coatings
    11.4 Bulk Application: Fluidized Bed Coating
    11.5 Commercial Powder Coating Products
    12. Fluoropolymer Coating Processing Technology
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Baking and Curing, Physics or Chemistry
    12.3 Monitoring Bake
    12.4 Types of Ovens
    13. Measurement of Coating Performance
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 Viscosity Measurement
    13.3 Density, Gallon Weight, or Liter Weight Measurement
    13.4 Film Thickness
    13.5 Wet Film Build
    13.6 Adhesion
    13.7 Environmental Exposure Testing
    13.8 Coefficient of Friction
    13.9 Abrasion/Erosion
    13.10 Hardness
    13.11 Cure
    13.12 Cookware Testing
    14. Recognizing, Understanding and Dealing with Coating Defects
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Surface Tension and Shear
    14.3 Common Coating Defects
    15. Commercial Applications and Uses
    15.1 Introduction
    15.2 A Historical Chronology of Fluoropolymer Finishes Technology
    15.3 Food Contact
    15.4 Commercial Applications of Fluorocoatings
    16. Health and Safety
    16.1 Introduction
    16.2 Toxicology of Fluoropolymers
    16.3 Safe Handling and Application of Liquid Fluoropolymer Coatings
    16.4 Thermal Properties of Fluoropolymers
    16.5 Removal of Fluoropolymer Films and Coatings
    16.6 Fire Hazard
    16.7 Spillage Cleanup
    16.8 Personal Protective Equipment
    16.9 Personal Hygiene
    16.10 Food Contact and Medical Applications
    16.11 Fluoropolymer Scrap and Recycling
    16.12 Environmental Protection and Disposal Methods
    Appendix 1: High Temperature Resistance of Fluoropolymers in Automotive Fuels
    Appendix 2: Permeation of Organic and Inorganic Chemicals Through Fluoroplastic Films
    Trade Names

Product details

  • No. of pages: 395
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2007
  • Published: March 16, 2006
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517245

About the Author

Laurence McKeen

Larry McKeen has a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Wisconsin and worked for DuPont Fluoroproducts from 1978–2014. As a Senior Research Associate (Chemist), he was responsible for new product development including application technology and product optimization for particular end-uses, and product testing. He retired from DuPont at the end of 2014 and is currently a consultant.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Associate, DuPont, Wilmington, DE, USA

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