Fluorinated Coatings and Finishes Handbook - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780323371261, 9780323374675

Fluorinated Coatings and Finishes Handbook

2nd Edition

The Definitive User's Guide

Authors: Laurence McKeen
eBook ISBN: 9780323374675
Hardcover ISBN: 9780323371261
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 16th October 2015
Page Count: 630
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Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Foreword
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1. Fluoropolymers
    • 1.1. The Discovery of Fluoropolymers
    • 1.2. What Are Fluoropolymers?
    • 1.3. Comparison of Fluoropolymer Properties
  • 2. Producing Fluoromonomers, Fluoropolymers, and Fluoropolymer Finishing
    • 2.1. Monomers
    • 2.2. Polymerization
    • 2.3. Finishing
  • 3. The Components of Paint
    • 3.1. Binder, Vehicle, Film Former
    • 3.2. Important Properties of Liquid Coatings
  • 4. Binders
    • 4.1. Nonfluoropolymer Binders
    • 4.2. Effect of Temperature on Properties of Binders
    • 4.3. Comparison of Properties of Nonfluoropolymer Binders
  • 5. Pigments, Fillers, and Extenders
    • 5.1. Dispersion of Pigments
    • 5.2. Measuring Dispersion Quality or Fineness
    • 5.3. Dispersion Stabilization
    • 5.4. Pigment or Particle Settling
    • 5.5. Functions of Pigments
    • 5.6. Types of Pigments
    • 5.7. Permeability, Barrier Properties
    • 5.8. Abrasion Resistance, Reinforcement: Physical Property Improvement
    • 5.9. Electrically Conductive Fillers
    • 5.10. Corrosion Inhibition
    • 5.11. Quantifying Pigment Concentrations in Formulations
    • 5.12. Commercial Pigment Dispersions
  • 6. Solvent Systems
    • 6.1. Classes of Solvents
    • 6.2. Solubility and Dissolution of Polymers
    • 6.3. Solids–Viscosity Relationships
    • 6.4. Viscosity as a Function of Temperature
    • 6.5. Evaporation
    • 6.6. Solvent Composition and Evaporation Time
    • 6.7. Solubility
    • 6.8. Surface Tension and Wetting
    • 6.9. N-Methyl-2-Pyrrolidone
    • 6.10. Conductivity
    • 6.11. Flash Point
    • 6.12. Autoignition Temperature
    • 6.13. Summary
  • 7. Additives
    • 7.1. Abrasion Resistance Improvers
    • 7.2. Acid Catalysts
    • 7.3. Acid Scavengers
    • 7.4. Adhesion Promoters, Coupling Agents
    • 7.5. Algaecides, Biocides, Fungicides
    • 7.6. Anticratering Agent, Fisheye Preventer
    • 7.7. Anticrawling Agent
    • 7.8. Antifoaming Agent, Defoamer
    • 7.9. Antifouling Agent
    • 7.10. Rust Inhibitor, Corrosion Inhibitor, Flash Rust Inhibitor
    • 7.11. Antisag Agent, Colloidal Additives, Thickeners, Rheology Modifiers
    • 7.12. Antisettling Agent
    • 7.13. Antistatic Agent, Electroconductive Additives
    • 7.14. Coalescents, Coalescing Agent, Film-Forming Agent
    • 7.15. Deaerators
    • 7.16. Degassing Agent
    • 7.17. Dispersant, Dispersing Agent, or Surfactant
    • 7.18. Flattening Agents
    • 7.19. UV Absorbers and Stabilizers
    • 7.20. Lubricants
    • 7.21. Moisture Scavenger
    • 7.22. pH Control Agent
    • 7.23. Summary
  • 8. Substrates and Substrate Preparation
    • 8.1. Substrates
    • 8.2. Adhesion
    • 8.3. Substrate Preparation
    • 8.4. Soluble Salts at the Metal Paint Interface
    • 8.5. Modifications to Fluoropolymer Surfaces to Improve Adhesion
    • 8.6. Preventing Rust after Surface Preparation
    • 8.7. Platings
    • 8.8. Anodization
    • 8.9. Substrate Characterization
    • 8.10. Summary
  • 9. Liquid Formulations
    • 9.1. Selecting Ingredients
    • 9.2. Recipes and Formulas
    • 9.3. Formulating Water-Based Coatings
    • 9.4. Solvent-Based Coatings
    • 9.5. Soluble Fluoropolymers
    • 9.6. Fluorotelomer-Based Coatings
    • 9.7. Mixing Liquid Coatings Prior to Use
    • 9.8. Filtering/Straining
    • 9.9. Shelf Life
    • 9.10. Commercial Producers and Their Product Lines
  • 10. Application of Liquid Coatings
    • 10.1. Liquid Spray Coating Application Technologies and Techniques
    • 10.2. Liquid Bulk or Direct Coating Application Techniques
    • 10.3. Summary
  • 11. Powder Coating and Films
    • 11.1. What is Powder Coating?
    • 11.2. Spray Powder Coating Process
    • 11.3. Thick Film Coatings
    • 11.4. Bulk Application: Fluidized Bed Coating
    • 11.5. Powder Fluorocoating Products
    • 11.6. Fluoropolymer Film Lamination
  • 12. Fluoropolymer Coating Processing Technology
    • 12.1. Baking and Curing; Physics or Chemistry
    • 12.2. Monitoring Bake
    • 12.3. Types of Ovens
  • 13. Measurement of Coating Properties and Performance
    • 13.1. Viscosity Measurement
    • 13.2. Density, Gallon Weight, or Liter Weight Measurement
    • 13.3. Film Thickness
    • 13.4. Wet Film Build
    • 13.5. Adhesion Tests
    • 13.6. Environmental Exposure Testing
    • 13.7. Cathodic Disbondment
    • 13.8. Electro-Impedance Spectroscopy
    • 13.9. Autoclave Testing
    • 13.10. Tribology Testing
    • 13.11. Cure
    • 13.12. Nonstick Testing
    • 13.13. Conductivity
    • 13.14. Cookware Testing
    • 13.15. Summary
  • 14. Permeation of Fluoropolymer Coatings
    • 14.1. History
    • 14.2. Transport of Gases and Vapors through Solid Materials
    • 14.3. Permeation of Coatings
    • 14.4. Permeation and Vapor Transmission Testing
  • 15. Introduction to the Tribology of Fluorocoatings
    • 15.1. Friction
    • 15.2. Wear and Erosion
    • 15.3. Characterizing Wear
    • 15.4. Tribology Testing
    • 15.5. Tribology Testing for Cookware
    • 15.6. Hardness Testing
    • 15.7. Erosion Tests
    • 15.8. Standard Tests
    • 15.9. Coating Selection for Tribology Applications
    • 15.10. Tribology Data for Various Fluoropolymers
  • 16. Recognizing, Understanding, and Dealing with Coating Defects
    • 16.1. Surface Tension and Shear
    • 16.2. Common Coating Defects
    • 16.3. Summary
  • 17. Commercial Applications and Uses of Fluorocoatings
    • 17.1. A Historical Chronology of Fluoropolymer Finishes Technology
    • 17.2. Food Contact
    • 17.3. Commercial Applications of Fluorocoatings
    • 17.4. Manufacturers Tables of Specific Applications
    • 17.5. Summary
  • 18. Health and Safety
    • 18.1. Toxicology of Fluoropolymers
    • 18.2. Safe Handling and Application of Liquid Fluoropolymer Coatings
    • 18.3. Thermal Properties of Fluoropolymers
    • 18.4. Removal of Fluoropolymer Films and Coatings
    • 18.5. Fire Hazard
    • 18.6. Spillage Cleanup
    • 18.7. Protective Clothing
    • 18.8. Personal Hygiene
    • 18.9. Material Incompatibility
    • 18.10. Food Contact and Medical Applications
    • 18.11. Fluoropolymer Scrap and Recycling
    • 18.12. Environmental Protection and Disposal Methods
  • Appendix 1. Fluoropolymer Properties
  • Appendix 2. Permeability Data of Fluoropolymer Films
  • Appendix 3. Chemical Resistance of Fluoropolymers
  • Glossary
  • Index

Description

Fluorinated Coatings and Finishes Handbook: The Definitive User's Guide, Second Edition, addresses important, frequently posed questions by end-user design engineers, coaters, and coatings suppliers on fluorinated coatings and finishes, thus enabling them to achieve superior product qualities and shorter product and process development times.

The book provides broad coverage of these fluorinated polymer coatings, including the best known PTFE, polytetrafluoroethylene, first trademarked as Teflon® and ePTFE (GoreTex®).

Their inherent qualities of low surface tension, non-stick, low friction, high melting point, and chemical inertness make fluoropolymer coatings widely desirable across thousands of industrial and consumer applications, but these properties also make it difficult to convert fluoropolymers to coatings that have sufficient adhesion to the substrate to be protected.

In this book, readers learn how fluoropolymer coatings are used and made, about their pigments and fillers, binders, dispersion processes, additives, and solvents. The book includes substrate preparation, coating properties, baking and curing processes, performance tests, applications, and health and safety.

Key Features

  • Provides a practical handbook that covers the theory and practice of fluorinated coatings, including the structure and properties of binders and how to get a non-stick coating to stick to the substrate
  • Covers liquid and power fluorocoatings, their applications methods, curing and baking processes, and their commercial end uses
  • Presents detailed discussions of testing methods related to fluorocoatings, common coating defects, how they form, how to eliminate them, and the health and safety aspects of using and applying fluorocoatings
  • Includes substrate preparation, coating properties, baking and curing processes, performance tests, applications, and health and safety

Readership

Materials development researchers, academics and practitioners-i.e., material engineers/scientists, plastic part designers, process designers and fabricators and the large polymer manufacturers – for instance DuPont.


Details

No. of pages:
630
Language:
English
Copyright:
© William Andrew 2016
Published:
Imprint:
William Andrew
eBook ISBN:
9780323374675
Hardcover ISBN:
9780323371261

About the Authors

Laurence McKeen Author

Larry McKeen has a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Wisconsin and worked for DuPont Fluoroproducts from 1978–2014. As a Senior Research Associate Chemist he was responsible for new product development including application technology and product optimization for particular end-uses, and product testing. He retired from DuPont at the end of 2014 and is currently a consultant.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Associate, DuPont, Wilmington, DE, USA