Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery

7th Edition

Authors: S Dixon Cesare Hall
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124159549
eBook ISBN: 9780123914101
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 30th October 2013
Page Count: 556
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Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery is the leading turbomachinery book due to its balanced coverage of theory and application. Starting with background principles in fluid mechanics and thermodynamics, the authors go on to discuss axial flow turbines and compressors, centrifugal pumps, fans, and compressors, and radial flow gas turbines, hydraulic turbines, and wind turbines. In this new edition,more coverage is devoted to modern approaches to analysis and design, including CFD and FEA techniques. Used as a core text in senior undergraduate and graduate level courses this book will also appeal to professional engineers in the aerospace, global power, oil & gas and other industries who are involved in the design and operation of turbomachines.

Key Features

  • More coverage of a variety of types of turbomachinery, including centrifugal pumps and gas turbines
  • Addition of numerical and computational tools, including more discussion of CFD and FEA techniques to reflect modern practice in the area
  • More end of chapter exercises and in-chapter worked examples


Professional mechanical, civil, automotive, aeronautical, and control engineers; advanced undergraduate and graduate students in mechanical, civil, automotive and aeronautical engineering

Table of Contents


Preface to the Seventh Edition


List of Symbols



Chapter 1. Introduction: Basic Principles

1.1 Definition of a turbomachine

1.2 Coordinate system

1.3 The fundamental laws

1.4 The equation of continuity

1.5 The first law of thermodynamics

1.6 The momentum equation

1.7 The second law of thermodynamics—entropy

1.8 Bernoulli’s equation

1.9 The thermodynamic properties of fluids

1.10 Compressible flow relations for perfect gases

1.11 Definitions of efficiency

1.12 Small stage or polytropic efficiency

1.13 The inherent unsteadiness of the flow within turbomachines


Chapter 2. Dimensional Analysis: Similitude

2.1 Dimensional analysis and performance laws

2.2 Incompressible fluid analysis

2.3 Performance characteristics for low-speed machines

2.4 Compressible flow analysis

2.5 Performance characteristics for high-speed machines

2.6 Specific speed and specific diameter

2.7 Cavitation


Chapter 3. Two-Dimensional Cascades

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Cascade geometry

3.3 Cascade flow characteristics

3.4 Analysis of cascade forces

3.5 Compressor cascade performance

3.6 Turbine cascades

3.7 Cascade computational analysis


Chapter 4. Axial-Flow Turbines: Mean-Line Analysis and Design

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Velocity diagrams of the axial turbine stage

4.3 Turbine stage design parameters

4.4 Thermodynamics of the axial turbine stage

4.5 Repeating stage turbines

4.6 Stage losses and efficiency

4.7 Preliminary axial turbine design

4.8 Styles of turbine

4.9 Effect of reaction on efficiency

4.10 Diffusion within blade


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About the Author

S Dixon

Dr. Dixon has published numerous scientific research papers in turbomachinery and lectured in turbomachinery at the University of Liverpool for nearly 40 years. For 25 of those years he was Chief Examiner in Mechanics for the Council of Engineering Institutions in the UK.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Fellow at the University of Liverpool

Cesare Hall

Dr. Hall has been University Lecturer in turbomachinery at the University of Cambridge since 2005. His current research with the university’s Silent Aircraft Initiative has led to the development of radical new ideas for aircraft engine design. Prior to teaching, he worked at Rolls-Royce as a turbomachinery aerodynamicist.

Affiliations and Expertise

University Lecturer in Turbomachinery, University of Cambridge, UK