Flow Injection Analysis - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444880147, 9780080875583

Flow Injection Analysis, Volume 10

1st Edition

A Practical Guide

Authors: B. Karlberg G.E. Pacey
eBook ISBN: 9780080875583
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 4th August 1989
Page Count: 371
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT/GST
Price includes VAT/GST
× DRM-Free

Easy - Download and start reading immediately. There’s no activation process to access eBooks; all eBooks are fully searchable, and enabled for copying, pasting, and printing.

Flexible - Read on multiple operating systems and devices. Easily read eBooks on smart phones, computers, or any eBook readers, including Kindle.

Open - Buy once, receive and download all available eBook formats, including PDF, EPUB, and Mobi (for Kindle).

Institutional Access

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction. Modernization of sample/solution handling techniques. Automated analysis in general (where, when, and why). Comparison of FIA versus HPLC, segmented continuous flow analyzers and robotics. Objectives. 2. FIA Principles and Theories. Batch methods. Segmented continuous flow analysis. Discrete analyzers. FIA. Controllable sample dispersion. Factors affecting controllable sample dispersion. Relationship between manifold design and chemistry. The gradient. 3. Components of FIA. Means for treatment and storage of solutions. Connection tubes. Liquid delivery units (pumps). Pump tubes (for peristaltic pumps). Injectors. Manifolds: for general purpose use; for mixing; for dilution; for gas diffusion; for dialysis; for liquid-liquid extraction. Column reactors. Other components. Commercially available flow injection analyzers. 4. Detectors in FIA. Detector requirements for FIA in comparison with HPLC. Peak height versus peak area. Spectrophotometry (UV and visible). Luminescent detection. Atomic spectroscopy. Electrochemical detection. Other detectors. 5. Modes of Operation. Basic modes. Special modes: one pump; two pumps. Dilution modes. Reverse flow, FIA. 6. Selectivity Enhancement, Matrix Modification and Conversion Techniques. Liquid-liquid extraction. Gas diffusion. Dialysis. Packed-bed reactors. 7. Utilization of the Concentration Gradient. FIA titrations. Gradient dilution. Stopped-flow. Gradient techniques based on penetrating zones (chasing zones). 8. Developing an FIA Method. Check list for method development. How to use the check list for method development: an example. Faultfinding during method development. 9. Water, Agriculture, Soil and Environment. Why FIA, when FIA for these samples. Phosphate (orthophosphate, phosphorus). Nitrate (total nitrogen). Ammonia (ammonia nitrogen, ammonium). Resid


This is a practical guide for first-time and experienced users of Flow Injection Analysis (FIA). It gives, not a detailed theoretical analysis, but a nuts and bolts'' approach to the description of the technique and how it can be utilized to solve analytical chemical problems.

The advantages of flow injection, how, when, why and where it works are all fully explained. Criteria for the choice of hardware and useful hints for maintenance are provided. The large variety of detectors suitable to combine with FIA are discussed, as are special modes of operation, their advantages and their limitations, and also conversion of batch methods to FIA methods. Numerous in-depth descriptions of applications of FIA techniques in water, soil, pharmaceutical and industrial analysis are featured, and a complete bibliography is included.

The authors have spent several years demonstrating, lecturing and using FIA and the basic outline of their book closely follows the schedule of the FIA workshops they have taught. It will be an invaluable tool for all chemists who perform analyses on a routine basis.


No. of pages:
© Elsevier Science 1989
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:

Ratings and Reviews

About the Authors

B. Karlberg Author

Affiliations and Expertise

Tecator AB, Sollentuna, Sweden

G.E. Pacey Author

Affiliations and Expertise

Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA