Flow Analysis for Hydrocarbon Pipeline Engineering

Flow Analysis for Hydrocarbon Pipeline Engineering

1st Edition - May 11, 2022

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  • Author: Alessandro Terenzi
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128224663
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128224830

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Flow Analysis for Hydrocarbon Pipeline Engineering gives engineers a tool to help them determine fluid dynamics. The book describes hydrocarbon fluid transport in pipelines by presenting useful applied thermodynamic derivations specialized for pipelines. All transport phenomena is covered, such as heat, momentum and mass transport. Moving past the fundamentals, the reference addresses the complexity of these fluids and dedicates a chapter on multiphase mixtures, including slugging, hydrates, wax and sand. Rounding out with practical case studies, this book delivers a critical reference for engineers and flow assurance experts that will help them correlate basic fluid principles with applied engineering practices.

Key Features

  • Includes discussions on sustainable operations such as CO2 transport in pipelines utilized in carbon capture and hydrocarbon recovery operations
  • Delivers multiple case studies for practical applications and lessons learned
  • Describes hydrocarbon fluid transport in pipelines by presenting useful applied thermodynamic derivations specialized for pipelines


Flow assurance engineers; pipeline engineers; petroleum engineers; production engineers

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • CHAPTER ONE. Basics of hydrocarbons thermodynamics
  • 1.1. Introduction
  • 1.2. Equation of state
  • 1.3. Other real fluid properties
  • 1.4. The principle of corresponding states
  • 1.5. Equilibrium and stability of one-component fluids
  • 1.6. Vapor–liquid equilibrium for one-component fluids
  • 1.7. Vapor–liquid equilibrium for multicomponent fluids
  • 1.8. Equation of state for multicomponent mixtures
  • 1.9. Phase diagrams of reservoir fluids
  • Chapter Two. Steady compressible flow
  • 2.1. Introduction
  • 2.2. 1D flow equations in conservative form
  • 2.3. 1D flow equations for steady adiabatic pipe flow
  • 2.4. The velocity of sound
  • 2.5. Isentropic flow correlations
  • 2.6. Stagnation and critical properties
  • 2.7. Flow in area change regions
  • 2.8. The convergent nozzle
  • 2.9. The convergent-divergent nozzle
  • 2.10. Performance of real flow restriction devices
  • 2.11. Adiabatic flow with friction in a constant area duct
  • 2.12. Real gas pipeline flow properties
  • Chapter Three. Transient compressible flow
  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2. Small amplitude waves in gases
  • 3.3. High amplitude waves in gases
  • 3.4. Discontinuities and the Riemann problem
  • 3.5. Types of transient operations in pipeline systems
  • 3.6. Examples of blowdown system simulations
  • Chapter Four. Multiphase gas–liquid flow
  • 4.1. Introduction
  • 4.2. Definitions
  • 4.3. Flow regimes
  • 4.4. Flow pattern map
  • 4.5. Basic equations and models
  • 4.6. Flow regime transitions
  • 4.7. Slug flow
  • 4.8. Pressure drop calculations for two-phase pipelines
  • 4.9. Sound velocity in two-phase fluids
  • 4.10. Design of multiphase pipelines
  • Chapter Five. Pipeline heat transfer
  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. Steady state heat transfer in cylindrical geometry
  • 5.3. Steady state external heat transfer modeling—fully buried pipeline
  • 5.4. Steady state external heat transfer modeling—partially buried or exposed pipeline
  • 5.5. Transient external heat transfer modeling—fully buried pipeline
  • 5.6. Insulation and heat tracing
  • Chapter Six. Flow assurance issues
  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.2. Hydrates
  • 6.3. Wax deposition in pipelines
  • 6.4. Asphaltene deposition in pipelines
  • CHAPTER SEVEN. Flow properties affecting steel pipe material assessment
  • 7.1. Introduction
  • 7.2. Low temperature operation
  • 7.3. Ductile fracture propagation analysis
  • 7.4. Post-Weld Heat Treatment—PWHT
  • Chapter Eight. Special pipelines
  • 8.1. Introduction
  • 8.2. CO2 pipelines
  • 8.3. H2 pipelines
  • Chapter NINE. Case Studies
  • Contents
  • SubChapter 9A. Precommissioning and commissioning simulations
  • SubChapter 9B. Development of an overpressure protection system
  • SubChapter 9C. Solar radiation–induced pressurization
  • SubChapter 9D. Multiphase flow through restrictions
  • SubChapter 9E. Hydrate plug formation analysis in gas-condensate pipe
  • SubChapter 9F. Depressurization of flashing liquids
  • SubChapter 9G. Postweld heat treatment experimental verification
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 358
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Gulf Professional Publishing 2022
  • Published: May 11, 2022
  • Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128224663
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128224830

About the Author

Alessandro Terenzi

Alessandro Terenzi is currently a Flow Assurance Lead for a major Italian oil and gas pipeline engineering company, managing flow assurance, pre-commissioning and commissioning specifications on projects, supporting operation activities around the world, including the US, Uganda, Oman, Lybia, Iran, Italy, and Saudi Arabia. Previously, he worked on many flow assurance studies requiring technical coordination of design activities, interface with clients, and support existing pipeline operations and worked as a Senior Process Specialist working in gas dynamics, multiphase flow, heat transfer, and economical optimization. He earned a degree in physics from Bologna University. Alessandro is an active member of Italian Association for Multiphase Flow In Industrial Plants. He is also a past member of Past Member of European Consortium for Mathematics in Industry. He is a lecturer for University of Bologna and has authored many journal contributions and conference proceedings.

Affiliations and Expertise

Flow Assurance Lead, Italy

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