Floating PV Plants

Floating PV Plants

1st Edition - January 28, 2020

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  • Editors: Marco Rosa-Clot, Giuseppe Marco Tina
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128170625
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128170618

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Renewable energy sources (RES) are one of the important instruments that human beings can use to tackle problems created by climate change. We expect a quick expansion of RES in the next few years. One important new technology is the floating photovoltaic (FPV) which is at its very beginning but which after only 10 years from its first proposal has already reached the target of 2 GWp of plants installed. This book explores the reasons for such growth and the advantages of this new technology. FPV plants are easily integrated into any human settlements and can use available fresh water as well as salt water near coastal areas. So their geographic potential is unlimited. Furthermore, their environmental impact is limited and the managing and decommissioning of plants are very cheap. The book offers a perspective on the many facets of this technology as well as an analysis of the economic aspect and of the final electricity cost which in a short time will go down to less than 50 $ per MWh. Contributions from different authors have helped in sectors such as the raft structure, the wave impact, and the environment problems.

Key Features

  • Investigates the installation of photovoltaic systems over the water’s surface
  • Offers theoretical and practical explanations on how to study, analyze and design photovoltaic energy systems
  • Considers how the use of floating photovoltaic systems can work to fulfill domestic energy demand


Electrical Engineers, power engineers, practitioners in renewable energy photovoltaics and solar energy, graduates and researchers in solar energy development and implementation

Table of Contents

    1. Introduction
      1. Renewable Energy Penetration
      2. The Advantages of PV on Water:
        1. Land Saving,
        2. Cooling,
        3. Tracking,
        4. Storage

      3. References


    2. Floating Plants Location
      1. The Geographic Technical Potential
      2. Waste water basins
      3. Mines
      4. Hydroelectric basins
      5. References


    3. Current status of FPV and trends
      1. Evolution of the market up to 2018
      2. Main companies active on the market
      3. Future trends and perspectives
      4. References


    4. The Floating PV Plant Structures
      1. The Floating Structure
      2. The Raft/Pontoon Design
      3. Submerged PV plants
      4. References


    5. Wind load, wave impact and mooring systems
      1. Wind load
      2. Waves impact
      3. Mooring Systems
        1. for fix plant
        2. for plants with tracking
        3. for basins with variable height

      4. References


    6. Cooling systems
      1. System with irrigators
      2. System with sprinkler
      3. Realizations
      4. References


    7. Tracking systems
      1. Advantages and limits
      2. The more practical technical solutions
      3. Tracking strategies
      4. References


    8. Available experimental test
      1. SERIS and EGP test bed
      2. Cooling efficiency
      3. Tracking
      4. Albedo
      5. Bifacial
      6. References


    9. Hydroelectric integration
      1. Hydroelectric basins structures and data
      2. The FPV implementation
      3. Advantages and problems
      4. The existing plants
      5. References


    10. The environmental problems
      1. Basin energetic balance
      2. The Evaporation Problem
      3. Algae Bloom Control
      4. Water quality
      5. Flora and Fauna in Basins with FPV Plants
      6. Comparative SWOT analysis
      7. References


    11. LCOE Analysis
      1. Current costs
      2. Cooling and tracking cost
      3. A cost breakdown
      4. Future trends
      5. References


    12. Off shore FPV systems
      1. Offshore environment: The Wind Load and Waves
      2. Off-Shore Systems: Specific Raft Concept
      3. Economical evaluation
      4. References


    13. Appendix 1: Nomenclature

    15. Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 138
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2020
  • Published: January 28, 2020
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128170625
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128170618

About the Editors

Marco Rosa-Clot

Professor Marco Rosa-Clot Graduated with First Class Hons from Scuola Normale, Pisa, in 1966. After one year as researcher at Columbia University (New York 1968), he was Professor of Quantum Physics and General Physics at Pisa University (1969-87). In the period 1975-78 he was a fellow of the Theoretical Division at CERN. Subsequently he was appointed to the chair of Nuclear Physics at Florence University (1988-2009). From 1997 to 2003 he was the scientific director of CRS4 (Centre of numerical simulation in Sardinia), From 1990 to 2015 he has been the scientific director of the private company SIT (Scienza Industria Tecnologia) and since January 2016 of the private company Koiné Multimedia. He he is author of about 100 works published in international reviews on theoretical physics, nuclear physics, environment and energy problems and in the last 10 years he worked extensively on submerged and floating photovoltaic systems (see www.floatingsolar.it )

Affiliations and Expertise

Scientific Director, Upsolar Floating Srl, Italy

Giuseppe Marco Tina

Giuseppe Marco Tina is associate Professor of Electric Energy Systems at UdC. In 2013 he received the National Academic Qualification as Full Professor. From 1993 to 1996 he worked in the industrial sector with Agip Refineries and ST Microelectronics in Italy, as electrical engineer responsible for electrical facilities operation and maintenance. He was also made Associate researcher for INFN (National Institute for Nuclear Physics), Catania, Italy in 2002 and was responsible for Erasmus agreements (France, Spain, Greece). Tina’s international scientific output includes 65 journal publications and over 120 publications in conference proceedings. Research and publications: analysis and modelling of renewable energy generation systems (wind and Photovoltaic systems), DGSs (Dispersed Generation Systems), Energy and Ancillary Services Market, Stationary applications of Hydrogen Technology, photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) systems, monitoring and diagnostic of photovoltaic systems.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Electric Energy Systems, University of Catania (UdC), Italy

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