Flaps in Hand and Upper Limb Reconstruction - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780723436522, 9783437591952

Flaps in Hand and Upper Limb Reconstruction

1st Edition

Surgical Anatomy, Operative Techniques and Differential Therapy

Editors: Robert Hierner Reinhard Putz Allen T. Bishop Zun-Li Shen Klaus Wilhelm
eBook ISBN: 9783437591952
Hardcover ISBN: 9780723436522
Imprint: Urban & Fischer
Published Date: 11th February 2016
Page Count: 600

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Flap surgery of the hand and upper limb: keeping you posted!

The management of patients with hand and upper-limb deficiencies is a routine task in reconstructive surgery. A multitude of conventional and microvascular flap reconstructions have been described, and it is rather difficult to keep track of them all. This book is coming to your rescue:

  • A concise and practical guide to all relevant flap procedures
  • Uniform structure of all chapters: surgical anatomy, surgical technique and postoperative care, variants, indications and contraindications
  • Uniform design: text on the left, illustrations on the right hand side
  • More than 700 high-quality drawings displaying surgical and anatomical details provide clear, step-by-step instructions
  • Advantages and disadvantages of each method are compared and contrasted
  • Extensive section on differential therapeutic considerations including numerous synoptic tables on when to use which flap procedure
  • Additional chapters on the anatomy as well as functional, aesthetic and social aspects of both hand and upper limb
  • Conventional and microvascular flap reconstructions presented as procedures complementing one another

The book furnishes both the general surgeon facing emergency situations and the hand surgery specialist with valuable aids and suggestions.

A textbook and reference guide to the primary and secondary treatment of hand and upper-limb deficiencies!

Table of Contents

1 Systematics and topography of the upper limb
2 Applied anatomy
2.1 Biomechanics of the skin
2.2 Functional units and subunits at the upper limb
2.3 Concept of “low-resistance zones” at the upper limb
2.4 Concept of “functional unit soft tissues/bone
3 Functional, aesthetic and social aspects of the upper limb
4 Generalities in flap surgery
4.1 Skin flaps (including perforator flaps)
4.2.  Fascia and adipo-fascial flaps
4.3 Muscle flaps
4.4. Bone flaps (vascularized bone grafts)
4.5 Compound flaps
5. Skin Flaps
5.1 Pedicled skin flaps from the Hand Region
5.1.1 4 Flap Z-Plasty according to WOOLF and  BROADBENT
5.1.2 Butterfly Plasty according to SHAW
5.1.3 Trident Flap Plasty according to HIROSHOWITZ resp.GLICENSTEIN
5.1.4 3 Flap Transposition Plasty according to LEVANDOVSKY
5.1.5 Dorso-palmar Transposition Flap according to FLATT
5.1.6 Nail-Bed Transposition Flap according to SHEPARD
5.1.7 Radio-lateral Index finger Transposition Flap according to SPINNER
5.1.8 Palmar pedicled transposition flap according to VASCONEZ
5.1.9 Latero-digital transposition flap according to BUNNEL
5.1.10 Palmar transposition flap according to HUESTON
5.1.11 Dorsal transposition flap according to HUESTON
5.1.12 Palmar advancement “flap family” according to MOBERG
5.1.13 Palmar advancement flap  according to TRANQUILLI-LEALI
5.1.14 Homodigital latero-digital island flap according to JOSHI
5.1.15 Lateral advancement flap family according  to GEISSENDÖRFER resp. KUTLER
5.1.16 Homodigital neurovascular exchange island flap  according to FOUCHER
5.1.17 Homodigital reverse island-flap according to OBERLIN
5.1.18 Thenar flap according to GATEWOOD
5.1.19 Dorsal cross-finger flap according to CRONIN
5.1.20 Palmar cross-finger flap according to ISELIN
5.1.21 Dorsal sensible cross-finger flap according to GAUL
5.1.22 Dorsal flag flap according to VILAIN
5.1.23 Dorsal middle phalanx island flap according to BÜCHLER
5.1.24 Latero-digital al island flap according to ROSE
5.1.25 Heterodigital island flap according to LITTLER
5.1.26 Dorso-commusural flap according to DAUTEL
5.1.27 Dorsal 1st  metacarpal artery (DFMC) flap according to HILGENFELDT
5..1.28 Dorsal 2nd metacarpal artery flap according to EARLEY and MILNER
5.1.29 Distally based dorsal radial neurocutaneous metacarpal flap according to BERTELLI and KHOURY
5.2 Pedicled flaps from the Forearm region
5.2.1 Pedicled Radial artery flap according to YANG
5.2.2 Antecubital perforator flap according to CORMACK/LAMBERTY
5.2.3 Ulnar artery Forearm flap according to LOVIE
5.2.4 Distal ulnar artery perforator flap according to  BECKER
5.2.5 Posterior interosseus artery flap according to PENTEADO/ZANCOLLI
5.2.6 Anterior interosseous artery flap according to HU
5.2.7 Distally based lateral antebrachial neurocutaneous flap according to BERTELLI
5.3 Pedicled skin flaps from the Upper Arm Region
5.3.1 Lateral upper arm flap according to SONG
5.3.2 Medial Upper Arm flap according to DANIEL
5.3.3 Posterior upper arm flap according to MASQUELET
5.4 Pedicled skin flaps from the Thorax Region
5.4.1 Parascapula flap according to NASSIF
5.5 Pedicled skin flaps from a distant region
5.5.1 Cross-arm flap according to McCASH
5.5.2 Pocket flap according to MARINO 
5.5.3 Abdominal flap according to  ZOLTAN
5.5.4 Groin flap according to McGREGOR
5.6 Generally usable pedicled skin flaps
5.6.1 Transposition Flap
5.6.2 Rotation flap according to IMRE
5.6.3 W-plasty  according to BORGES
5.6.4 2 Flap Z-Plasty according to HORNER
5.6.5 Double inverted  Z- Plasty according to PICK
5.6.6 Rhomboid flap according to LIMBERG
5.7 Free microvascular skin flaps
5.7.1 Free venous flap according to YOSHIMURA
5.7.2 Free Anterolateral Thigh flap according to SONG
5.7.3 Free A. dorsalis pedis flap according to McGRAW
6 Fascia and adipo-fascial flaps
6.1 Pedicled fascia flaps from the Hand Region
6.1.1 Hypothenar fat pad (adipofascial) flap
6.2 Pedicled fascia flaps from the forearm region
6.3 Pedicled fascia flaps from the upper arm regions
6.4 Pedicled fascia flaps from the thorax regions
6.5 Free microvascular fascia flaps
6.5.1 Free microvasculare A. temporalis superficialis fascia flap according to SMITH
7. Muscle-Flaps
7.1 Pedicled muscle flaps from the Hand Region
7.1.1 1st dorsal interosseus muscle flap according to MATHES
7.1.2 2nd and 3rd interosseus muscle flap according to HIERNER
7.1.3 Abductor pollicis brevis muscle flap according to MATHES
7.1.4 Lumbrical muscle flap according to WILGIS
7.1.5 Abductor digiti minimi muscle flap according to HUBER/NICOLAYSEN
7.2 Pedicled muscle flaps from the Forearm Region
7.2.1 Pronator quadratus muscle flap according to DELLON
7.2.2 Brachioradialis muscle flap according to GER
7.3 Pedicled muscle flaps from the elbow region
7.3.1 Anconaeus flap according to CARDANY
7.4 Pedicled muscle flaps from the Thorax Region
7.4.1 M. serratus anterior flap according to TAKAYANAGI
7.4.2 Latissimus dorsi-flap according to OLIVARI
7.4.3 Bipolar complete pectoralis major flap according to DAUTRY resp. CARROLL
7.5 Free microvascular muscle flaps
7.5.1 Free multifunctional splitted segmental myocutaneous gracilis muscle flap according to HARII resp. MANTKELOW
8 Bone Flaps (Vascularised Bone Grafts)
8.1 Pedicled bone flaps from the Hand Region
8.1.1 Callotaxis Lengthening according to ILIZAROV/MATEV
8.1.2 Pisiform bone Transfer according to BECK
8.1.3 Second metacarpal bone flap according to BRUNELLI
8.2 Pedicled bone flaps from the Forearm Region
8.2.1 Dorso-radial radius bone transfer  according to ZAIDEMBERG
8.3 Free microvascular bone flaps
8.3.1 Anterior iliac crest (DCIA) flap according to TAYLOR
8.3.2 Free microvascular Fibula bone flap according to UEBA
8.3.3 Medial femoral condyle vascularized bone graft according to Masquelet
9. Compound Flaps
9.1 Pedicled compound flaps from the Hand Region
9.1.1 Pollicisation according to GOSSET
9.1.2 Ray transposition according to GRAHAM/CAROLL 
9.1.3 Homodigital DIP-to-PIP joint transfer according to FOUCHER
9.2 Free microvascular compound flaps
9.2.1 Free great toe transfer according to CORBETT/BUNCKE
9.2.2 Modified Wrap-around flap according to MORRISON/STEICHEN
9.2.3 Free second toe transfer according to YANG
9.2.4 Free MTP joint transfer according to MATHES
9.2.5 Free PIP joint transfer according to FOUCHER
10 Further treatment options for coverage of soft tissue and bone defects at the upper limb
10.1 Skin and soft tissue defects
10.1.1 Primary wound closure
10.1.2 Controlled secondary wound healing of  acute wounds (“cicatrisation dirigée”)
10.1.3 Split-thickness skin grafting according to OLLIER/THIERSCH
10.1.4 Full-thickness skin grafting according to WOLFE/KRAUSE
10.1.5 Split Nailbed-Transplantation according to SHEPARD
10.1.6 Skin Expansion according to NEUMANN resp. RADOVAN
10.1.7 Continous soft tissue distraction according to MESSINA
10.1.8 Synovial Flap according to WULLE
10.2 Bone and compound defects
10.2.1 Non-vascularized cancellous bone grafting according to MATTI
10.2.2. “Tissue-bank Concept” according to CHASE
10.2.3 Amputation distal to the radio-carpal joint (Microamputation)
10.2.4 Amputation proximal to the radio-carpal joint (Macroamputation)
10.2.5 Replantation distal to the radio-carpal joint (Microreplantation) according to KOMATSU and TAMAI
10.2.6 Replantation proximal to the radio-carpal joint (Macroreplantation) according to MALT and McKAHN
11 Basic principles and goals of physiotherapy at the upper limb region
12 Basic principles of scar treatment
13 Basic principles of prosthetics4
14 Basic principles of defect management at the upper limb and hand global defect management at the combined hand and upper limb clinic
15 Skin and soft tissue defect at the upper limb
16 Nail and nailbed defects
17 Fractures, bone defects and joint defects
18 Amputation-like and amputation injuries at the upper limb
19 Reconstruction of grip function


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© Urban & Fischer 2014
Urban & Fischer
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About the Editor

Robert Hierner

Reinhard Putz

Allen T. Bishop

Zun-Li Shen

Klaus Wilhelm