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Fish Physiology: Homeostasis and Toxicology of Non-Essential Metals - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123786340, 9780123786357

Fish Physiology: Homeostasis and Toxicology of Non-Essential Metals, Volume 31B

1st Edition

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Series Volume Editors: Chris Wood Anthony Farrell Colin Brauner
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123786340
eBook ISBN: 9780123786357
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st August 2011
Page Count: 528
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Table of Contents

Preface

Silver

1. Introduction

2. Sources of Silver and Occurrence in Natural Waters

3. Speciation in Freshwater

4. Speciation in Seawater

5. Environmental Situations of Concern

6. Acute and Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria in Freshwater and Seawater

7. Waterborne Silver Toxicity in Freshwater

8. Waterborne Silver Toxicity in Saltwater

9. Essentiality or Non-Essentiality of Silver

10. Potential for Bioconcentration and/or Biomagnification of Silver

11. Characterization of Uptake Routes

12. Characterization of Internal Handling

13. Characterization of Excretion Routes

14. Behavioral Effects of Silver

15. Molecular Characterization of Silver Transporters, Storage Proteins, and Chaperones

16. Genomic and Proteomic Studies

17. Interactions with Other Metals

18. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Acknowledgments

Aluminum

1. Introduction

2. Chemical Speciation in Freshwater and Seawater

3. Sources (Natural and Anthropogenic) of Aluminum and Economic Importance

4. Environmental Situations of Concern

5. Ambient Water Quality Criteria in Freshwater

6. Mechanisms of Toxicity

7. Non-Essentiality of Aluminum

8. Potential for Bioconcentration and/or Biomagnification of Aluminum

9. Characterization of Uptake Routes

10. Characterization of Internal Handling

11. Characterization of Excretion Routes

12. Behavioral Effects of Aluminum

13. Molecular Characterization of Aluminum Transporters, Storage Proteins, and Chaperones

14. Genomic and Proteomic Studies

15. Interactions with Other Metals

16. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Cadmium

1. Introduction

2. Chemical Speciation in Freshwater and Seawater

3. Sources (Natural and Anthropogenic) of Cadmium and Economic Importance

4. A Survey of Acute and Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria

5. Mechanisms of Toxicity

6. Essentiality of Cadmium

7. Potential for Bioconcentration and Biomagnification of Cadmium

8. Characterization of Uptake Routes

9. Characterization of Internal Handling

10. Characterization of Excretion Routes

11. Behavioral Effects of Cadmium

12. Molecular Characterization of Cadmium Transporters and Storage Proteins

13. Genomic and Proteomic Studies

14. Interactions with Other Metals

15. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Acknowledgments

Lead

1. Chemical Speciation in Freshwater and Seawater

2. Sources (Natural and Anthropogenic) of Lead and Economic Importance

3. Environmental Situations of Concern

4. A Survey of Acute and Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria in Various Jurisdictions in Freshwater and Seawater

5. Mechanisms of Toxicity

6. Non-Essentiality of Lead

7. Potential for Bioconcentration and Biomagnification of Lead

8. Characterization of Uptake Routes

9. Characterization of Internal Handling

10. Characterization of Excretion Routes

11. Behavioral Effects of Lead

12. Molecular Characterization of Lead Transporters, Storage Proteins, and Chaperones

13. Genomic Studies

14. Interactions with Other Metals

15. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Mercury

1. Introduction

2. Chemical Speciation in Water

3. Sources of Mercury and Economic Importance

4. Environmental Situations of Concern

5. A Survey of Acute and Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria for Freshwater and Seawater

6. Mechanisms of Toxicity

7. Essentiality or Non-Essentiality Of Mercury

8. Bioconcentration and Biomagnification of Mercury

9. Characterization of Uptake Routes

10. Characterization of Internal Handling

11. Characterization of Excretion Routes

12. Behavioral Effects of Mercury

13. Molecular Characterization of Mercury Transporters, Storage Proteins, and Chaperones

14. Genomic and Proteomic Studies

15. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Arsenic

1. Chemical Speciation in Freshwater and Saltwater

2. Sources (Natural and Anthropogenic) of Arsenic and Economic Importance

3. Environmental Situations of Concern

4. A Survey of Acute and Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria in Various Jurisdictions in Freshwater and Saltwater

5. Mechanisms of Toxicity

6. Essentiality or Non-Essentiality of Arsenic

7. Potential for Bioaccumulation and/or Biomagnification (or Biodiminution) of Arsenic

8. Characterization of Uptake, Internal Handling, and Excretion

9. Detoxification and Mechanisms for Tolerance

10. Behavioral Effects of Arsenic

11. Molecular Characterization of Arsenic Transporters, Storage Proteins, and Chaperones

12. Interactions with Other Metals

13. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Strontium

1. Chemical Speciation in Freshwater and Seawater

2. Sources and Economic Importance of Strontium

3. Environmental Situations of Concern

4. Acute and Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria in Various Jurisdictions in Freshwater and Seawater

5. Mechanisms of Toxicity

6. Non-essentiality of Strontium

7. Potential for Bioconcentration and Biomagnification of Strontium

8. Characterization of Uptake Routes

9. Characterization of Internal Handling

10. Characterization of Excretion Routes

11. Behavioral Effects of Strontium

12. Molecular Characterization of Strontium Transporters, Storage Proteins, and Chaperones

13. Genomic and Proteomic Studies

14. Interactions with Other Metals

15. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Uranium

1. Chemical Speciation in Freshwater and Seawater

2. Sources of Uranium and Its Economic Importance

3. Environmental Situations of Concern

4. A survey of Acute and Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria in Various Jurisdictions in Freshwater and Sseawater

5. Mechanisms of Toxicity

6. Water Chemistry Influences on Bioavailability and Toxicity

7. Non-Essentiality of Uranium

8. Potential for Bioaccumulation of Uranium

9. Characterization of Uptake Routes

10. Characterization of Internal Handling

11. Characterization of Excretion Routes

12. Behavioral Effects of Uranium

13. Genomic and Proteomic Studies

14. Interactions with Other Metals

15. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Acknowledgments

Modeling the Physiology and Toxicology of Metals

1. Introduction

2. Model frameworks for evaluating metal accumulation

3. Models relating metal accumulation to effects

4. Regulatory applications

5. Future model development needs

Acknowledgments


Description

Homeostasis and Toxicology of Non-Essential Metals synthesizes the explosion of new information on the molecular, cellular, and organismal handling of metals in fish in the past 15 years. These elements are no longer viewed by fish physiologists as "heavy metals" that kill fish by suffocation, but rather as interesting moieties that enter and leave fish by specific pathways, which are subject to physiological regulation. The metals featured in this volume are those about which there has been most public and scientific concern, and therefore are those most widely studied by fish researchers. Metals such as Ag, Al, Cd, Pb, Hg, As, Sr, and U have no known nutritive function in fish at present, but are toxic at fairly low levels.

The companion volume, Homeostasis and Toxicology of Essential Metals, Volume 31A, covers metals that are either proven to be or are strongly suspected to be essential in trace amounts, yet are toxic in higher doses. Metals such as Cu, Zn, Fe, Ni, Co, Se, Mo and Cr. In addition, three chapters in Volumes 31A and 31B on Basic Principles (Chapter 1, 31A), Field Studies and Ecological Integration (Chapter 9, 31A) and Modeling the Physiology and Toxicology of Metals (Chapter 9, 31B) act as integrative summaries and make these two volumes a vital set for readers.

Key Features

  • All major essential metals of interest are covered in metal-specific chapters
  • Each metal-specific chapter is written by fish physiologists/toxicologists who are recognized authorities for that metal
  • A common format is featured throughout this two volume edition

Readership

Fish physiologists, nutritional physiologists, toxicologists and environmental regulators


Details

No. of pages:
528
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2012
Published:
1st August 2011
Imprint:
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:
9780123786340
eBook ISBN:
9780123786357

Reviews

"This ‘‘book’’ (actually 2 companion volumes) provides a comprehensive and accessible review of trace metal essentiality, effects of deficiency or excess, homeostatic processes, and toxicology in fishes. The chapters and volumes are constructed with a parallel structure that helps comparisons across the different metals. In addition to the core focus, each chapter includes a brief summary of geochemical speciation, environmental concentrations in natural and polluted areas, environmental quality criteria from different countries, uses, and arguments for and against essentiality. The chapters are all authoritative…These 2 volumes are likely to stand for some time as the defining compendium on the homeostasis and toxicology of metals in fish. The publisher lists them as the First Edition. Perhaps when the Second Edition is written, it will be feasible to expand the scope to include comparative information on aquatic organisms other than fish."--Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, Volume 8, Number 4, pp. 768-772

Ratings and Reviews


About the Series Volume Editors

Chris Wood

Affiliations and Expertise

Dept of Biology, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada

Anthony Farrell

Anthony Farrell

Dr. Tony Farrell is a professor in the Department of Zoology & Faculty of Land and Food Systems at the University of British Columbia and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. Tony’s research had provided an understanding of fish cardiorespiratory systems and has applied this knowledge to salmon migratory passage, fish stress handling and their recovery, sustainable aquaculture and aquatic toxicology. He has over 470 research publications in peer-reviewed scientific journals and an h-factor of 92. He has co-edited of 30 volumes of the Fish Physiology series, as well as an award-winning Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology. As part of his application of physiology to aquaculture, he has studied the sub-lethal impacts of sea lice and piscine orthoreovirus on the physiology of juvenile salmon. He has received multiple awards, including the Fry Medal, which is the highest honour to a scientist from the Canadian Society of Zoologists, the Beverton Medal, which is the highest honour to a scientist from the Fisheries Society of the British Isles, the Medal of Excellence, which is the highest honour of the American Fisheries Society and the Murray A. Newman Awards both for Research and for Conservation from the Vancouver Marine Sciences Centre. He is a former President of the Society of Experimental Biologists and a former Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Fish Biology. He served as a member of the Minister’s Aquaculture Advisory Committee on Finfish Aquaculture for British Columbia and was a member of the Federal Independent Expert Panel on Aquaculture Science.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Zoology and Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia and Fellow, Royal Society of Canada

Colin Brauner

Colin Brauner

Colin Brauner was educated in Canada at the University of British Columbia (Ph D), followed by a Post-doctoral fellowship at Aarhus University and the University of Southern Denmark, and was a Research Associate at McMaster University. He is a Professor of Zoology, UBC and Director of the UBC Aquatics Facility. He has been a Co-Editor of the Fish Physiology series since 2006. His research investigates environmental adaptations (both mechanistic and evolutionary) in relation to gas-exchange, acid-base balance and ion regulation in fish, integrating responses from the molecular, cellular and organismal level. The ultimate goal is to understand how evolutionary pressures have shaped physiological systems among vertebrates and to determine the degree to which physiological systems can adapt/acclimate to natural and anthropogenic environmental changes. This information is crucial for basic biology and understanding the diversity of biological systems, but much of his research conducted to date can also be applied to issues of aquaculture, toxicology and water quality criteria development, as well as fisheries management. His achievements have been recognized by the Society for Experimental Biology, UK (President’s medal) and the Canadian Conference for Fisheries Research (J.C. Stevenson Memorial Lecturer) and the Vancouver Marine Sciences Centre (Murray A. Newman Award for Aquatic Research). He is a former President of the Canadian Society of Zoologists.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Zoology, UBC and Director of the UBC Aquatics Facility