Fish Physiology: Homeostasis and Toxicology of Non-Essential Metals - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123786340, 9780123786357

Fish Physiology: Homeostasis and Toxicology of Non-Essential Metals, Volume 31B

1st Edition

Series Volume Editors: Chris Wood Anthony Farrell Colin Brauner
eBook ISBN: 9780123786357
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123786340
Paperback ISBN: 9781493301195
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st August 2011
Page Count: 528
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Table of Contents

Preface

Silver

1. Introduction

2. Sources of Silver and Occurrence in Natural Waters

3. Speciation in Freshwater

4. Speciation in Seawater

5. Environmental Situations of Concern

6. Acute and Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria in Freshwater and Seawater

7. Waterborne Silver Toxicity in Freshwater

8. Waterborne Silver Toxicity in Saltwater

9. Essentiality or Non-Essentiality of Silver

10. Potential for Bioconcentration and/or Biomagnification of Silver

11. Characterization of Uptake Routes

12. Characterization of Internal Handling

13. Characterization of Excretion Routes

14. Behavioral Effects of Silver

15. Molecular Characterization of Silver Transporters, Storage Proteins, and Chaperones

16. Genomic and Proteomic Studies

17. Interactions with Other Metals

18. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Acknowledgments

Aluminum

1. Introduction

2. Chemical Speciation in Freshwater and Seawater

3. Sources (Natural and Anthropogenic) of Aluminum and Economic Importance

4. Environmental Situations of Concern

5. Ambient Water Quality Criteria in Freshwater

6. Mechanisms of Toxicity

7. Non-Essentiality of Aluminum

8. Potential for Bioconcentration and/or Biomagnification of Aluminum

9. Characterization of Uptake Routes

10. Characterization of Internal Handling

11. Characterization of Excretion Routes

12. Behavioral Effects of Aluminum

13. Molecular Characterization of Aluminum Transporters, Storage Proteins, and Chaperones

14. Genomic and Proteomic Studies

15. Interactions with Other Metals

16. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Cadmium

1. Introduction

2. Chemical Speciation in Freshwater and Seawater

3. Sources (Natural and Anthropogenic) of Cadmium and Economic Importance

4. A Survey of Acute and Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria

5. Mechanisms of Toxicity

6. Essentiality of Cadmium

7. Potential for Bioconcentration and Biomagnification of Cadmium

8. Characterization of Uptake Routes

9. Characterization of Internal Handling

10. Characterization of Excretion Routes

11. Behavioral Effects of Cadmium

12. Molecular Characterization of Cadmium Transporters and Storage Proteins

13. Genomic and Proteomic Studies

14. Interactions with Other Metals

15. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Acknowledgments

Lead

1. Chemical Speciation in Freshwater and Seawater

2. Sources (Natural and Anthropogenic) of Lead and Economic Importance

3. Environmental Situations of Concern

4. A Survey of Acute and Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria in Various Jurisdictions in Freshwater and Seawater

5. Mechanisms of Toxicity

6. Non-Essentiality of Lead

7. Potential for Bioconcentration and Biomagnification of Lead

8. Characterization of Uptake Routes

9. Characterization of Internal Handling

10. Characterization of Excretion Routes

11. Behavioral Effects of Lead

12. Molecular Characterization of Lead Transporters, Storage Proteins, and Chaperones

13. Genomic Studies

14. Interactions with Other Metals

15. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Mercury

1. Introduction

2. Chemical Speciation in Water

3. Sources of Mercury and Economic Importance

4. Environmental Situations of Concern

5. A Survey of Acute and Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria for Freshwater and Seawater

6. Mechanisms of Toxicity

7. Essentiality or Non-Essentiality Of Mercury

8. Bioconcentration and Biomagnification of Mercury

9. Characterization of Uptake Routes

10. Characterization of Internal Handling

11. Characterization of Excretion Routes

12. Behavioral Effects of Mercury

13. Molecular Characterization of Mercury Transporters, Storage Proteins, and Chaperones

14. Genomic and Proteomic Studies

15. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Arsenic

1. Chemical Speciation in Freshwater and Saltwater

2. Sources (Natural and Anthropogenic) of Arsenic and Economic Importance

3. Environmental Situations of Concern

4. A Survey of Acute and Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria in Various Jurisdictions in Freshwater and Saltwater

5. Mechanisms of Toxicity

6. Essentiality or Non-Essentiality of Arsenic

7. Potential for Bioaccumulation and/or Biomagnification (or Biodiminution) of Arsenic

8. Characterization of Uptake, Internal Handling, and Excretion

9. Detoxification and Mechanisms for Tolerance

10. Behavioral Effects of Arsenic

11. Molecular Characterization of Arsenic Transporters, Storage Proteins, and Chaperones

12. Interactions with Other Metals

13. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Strontium

1. Chemical Speciation in Freshwater and Seawater

2. Sources and Economic Importance of Strontium

3. Environmental Situations of Concern

4. Acute and Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria in Various Jurisdictions in Freshwater and Seawater

5. Mechanisms of Toxicity

6. Non-essentiality of Strontium

7. Potential for Bioconcentration and Biomagnification of Strontium

8. Characterization of Uptake Routes

9. Characterization of Internal Handling

10. Characterization of Excretion Routes

11. Behavioral Effects of Strontium

12. Molecular Characterization of Strontium Transporters, Storage Proteins, and Chaperones

13. Genomic and Proteomic Studies

14. Interactions with Other Metals

15. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Uranium

1. Chemical Speciation in Freshwater and Seawater

2. Sources of Uranium and Its Economic Importance

3. Environmental Situations of Concern

4. A survey of Acute and Chronic Ambient Water Quality Criteria in Various Jurisdictions in Freshwater and Sseawater

5. Mechanisms of Toxicity

6. Water Chemistry Influences on Bioavailability and Toxicity

7. Non-Essentiality of Uranium

8. Potential for Bioaccumulation of Uranium

9. Characterization of Uptake Routes

10. Characterization of Internal Handling

11. Characterization of Excretion Routes

12. Behavioral Effects of Uranium

13. Genomic and Proteomic Studies

14. Interactions with Other Metals

15. Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions

Acknowledgments

Modeling the Physiology and Toxicology of Metals

1. Introduction

2. Model frameworks for evaluating metal accumulation

3. Models relating metal accumulation to effects

4. Regulatory applications

5. Future model development needs

Acknowledgments


Description

Homeostasis and Toxicology of Non-Essential Metals synthesizes the explosion of new information on the molecular, cellular, and organismal handling of metals in fish in the past 15 years. These elements are no longer viewed by fish physiologists as "heavy metals" that kill fish by suffocation, but rather as interesting moieties that enter and leave fish by specific pathways, which are subject to physiological regulation. The metals featured in this volume are those about which there has been most public and scientific concern, and therefore are those most widely studied by fish researchers. Metals such as Ag, Al, Cd, Pb, Hg, As, Sr, and U have no known nutritive function in fish at present, but are toxic at fairly low levels.

The companion volume, Homeostasis and Toxicology of Essential Metals, Volume 31A, covers metals that are either proven to be or are strongly suspected to be essential in trace amounts, yet are toxic in higher doses. Metals such as Cu, Zn, Fe, Ni, Co, Se, Mo and Cr. In addition, three chapters in Volumes 31A and 31B on Basic Principles (Chapter 1, 31A), Field Studies and Ecological Integration (Chapter 9, 31A) and Modeling the Physiology and Toxicology of Metals (Chapter 9, 31B) act as integrative summaries and make these two volumes a vital set for readers.

Key Features

  • All major essential metals of interest are covered in metal-specific chapters
  • Each metal-specific chapter is written by fish physiologists/toxicologists who are recognized authorities for that metal
  • A common format is featured throughout this two volume edition

Readership

Fish physiologists, nutritional physiologists, toxicologists and environmental regulators


Details

No. of pages:
528
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780123786357
Hardcover ISBN:
9780123786340
Paperback ISBN:
9781493301195

Reviews

"This ‘‘book’’ (actually 2 companion volumes) provides a comprehensive and accessible review of trace metal essentiality, effects of deficiency or excess, homeostatic processes, and toxicology in fishes. The chapters and volumes are constructed with a parallel structure that helps comparisons across the different metals. In addition to the core focus, each chapter includes a brief summary of geochemical speciation, environmental concentrations in natural and polluted areas, environmental quality criteria from different countries, uses, and arguments for and against essentiality. The chapters are all authoritative…These 2 volumes are likely to stand for some time as the defining compendium on the homeostasis and toxicology of metals in fish. The publisher lists them as the First Edition. Perhaps when the Second Edition is written, it will be feasible to expand the scope to include comparative information on aquatic organisms other than fish."--Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, Volume 8, Number 4, pp. 768-772


About the Series Volume Editors

Chris Wood Series Volume Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Dept of Biology, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada

Anthony Farrell Series Volume Editor

Tony Farrell is a graduate of Bath University, where he was fortunate to study with Peter Lutz. His fortunes grew further when he moved in 1974 to Canada and the Zoology Department at the University of British Columbia to complete his Ph.D. degree under the superb tutelage of Dave Randall. In 2004, Tony returned to UBC when he accepted an endowed research chair in Sustainable Aquaculture.

In between these positions at UBC, Tony was employed at the University of Southern California (PDF), the University of New Brunswick (sessional lecturer), Mount Allison University (first real job) and Simon Fraser University (moving through the ranks to a full professor). In addition to highly controlled laboratory experiments on fish cardiorespiratory physiology, Tony is committed to working on animals in their own environment. Therefore, his research on fish physiology has taken him on an Alpha Helix expedition to the Amazon, the University of Gothenburg and the Kristineberg Marine Research Station in Sweden, the Portobello Marine Biological Station in New Zealand, the University of Christchurch and Massey University in New Zealand, the Bamfield Marine Science Station and the Huntsman Marine Station in Canada, the University of Aarhus in Denmark, the University of Adelaide Charles and Darwin University in Australia, and to the Danish Arctic Marine Station on Disco Island in Greenland. These travels have allowed him to work and with many superb collaborators word-wide, as well as study the physiology of over 70 different species of fish. Tony has received a number of awards for his scientific contributions: an honorary degree from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden; Awards of Excellence from the American Fisheries Society for Fish Physiology, Conservation and Management; the Fry Medal from the Canadian Society of Zoologists; and the Beverton Medal from the Fisheries Society of the British Isles.

Affiliations and Expertise

Dept of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Colin Brauner Series Volume Editor

The primary goal of his research program is to investigate environmental adaptations (both mechanistic and evolutionary) in relation to gas-exchange, acid-base balance and ion regulation in fish, integrating responses from the molecular, cellular and organismal level. The ultimate goal is to understand how evolutionary pressures have shaped physiological systems among vertebrates and to determine the degree to which physiological systems can adapt/acclimate to natural and anthropogenic environmental changes. This information is crucial for basic biology and understanding the diversity of biological systems, but much of his research conducted to date can also be applied to issues of aquaculture, toxicology and water quality criteria development, as well as fisheries management.

Affiliations and Expertise

Dept of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada