Fish Physiology: Homeostasis and Toxicology of Essential Metals

Fish Physiology: Homeostasis and Toxicology of Essential Metals

1st Edition - June 28, 2011
This is the Latest Edition
  • Editors: Chris Wood, Anthony Farrell, Colin Brauner
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123786364
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123786371

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Description

Homeostasis and Toxicology of Essential Metals synthesizes the explosion of new information on the molecular, cellular, and organismal handling of metals in fish in the past 15 years. These elements are no longer viewed by fish physiologists as "heavy metals" that kill fish by suffocation, but rather as interesting moieties that enter and leave fish by specific pathways, which are subject to physiological regulation. The metals featured in this volume are those about which there has been most public and scientific concern, and therefore are those most widely studied by fish researchers. Metals such as Cu, Zn, Fe, Ni, Co, Se, Mo and Cr are either proven to be or are strongly suspected to be essential in trace amounts, yet are toxic in higher doses. The companion volume, Homeostasis and Toxicology of Non-Essential Metals, Volume 31B, covers metals that have no known nutritive function in fish at present, but which are toxic at fairly low levels, such as Ag, Al, Cd, Pb, Hg, As, Sr, and U. In addition, three chapters in Volumes 31A and 31B on Basic Principles (Chapter 1, 31A), Field Studies and Ecological Integration (Chapter 9, 31A) and Modeling the Physiology and Toxicology of Metals (Chapter 9, 31B) act as integrative summaries and make these two volumes a vital set for readers.

Key Features

  • All major essential metals of interest are covered in metal-specific chapters
  • Each metal-specific chapter is written by fish physiologists/toxicologists who are recognized authorities for that metal
  • A common format is featured throughout this two volume edition

Readership

Fish physiologists, nutritional physiologists, toxicologists and environmental regulators

Table of Contents

  • Contents of homeostasis and toxicology of non-essential metals, volume 31B

    Contributors

    Preface

    1 An introduction to metals in fish physiology and toxicology: basic principles

    1 Background

    2 Structure of the book

    3 Chemical speciation in freshwater and seawater

    4 Sources of metals and economic importance

    5 Environmental situations of concern

    6 Acute and chronic ambient water quality criteria

    7 Mechanisms of toxicity

    8 Essentiality or non-essentiality of metals

    9 Potential for bioconcentration and/or biomagnification of metals

    10 Characterization of uptake routes

    11 Characterization of internal handling

    12 Characterization of excretion routes

    13 Behavioral effects of metals

    14 Molecular characterization of metal transporters, storage proteins, and chaperones

    15 Genomic and proteomic studies

    16 Interactions with other metals

    2 Copper

    1 Introduction

    2 Chemical speciation and other factors affecting toxicity in freshwater and seawater

    3 Sources of copper in the environment and its economic importance

    4 Environmental situations of concern

    5 Acute and chronic ambient water quality criteria

    6 Mechanisms of toxicity

    7 Essentiality of copper

    8 Potential for bioconcentration and biomagnification of copper

    9 Characterization of uptake routes

    10 Characterization of internal handling

    11 Characterization of excretion routes

    12 Behavioral effects of copper

    13 Molecular characterization of copper transporters, storage proteins, and chaperones

    14 Genomic and proteomic studies

    15 Interactions with other metals

    16 Knowledge gaps and future directions

    3 Zinc

    1 Introduction

    2 Chemical speciation of zinc in freshwater and seawater

    3 Sources of zinc and economic importance

    4 Environmental situations of concern

    5 Ambient water quality criteria for zinc in various jurisdictions

    6 Mechanisms of toxicity

    7 Essentiality and roles of zinc in biology

    8 Potential for bioconcentration of zinc

    9 Characterization of uptake routes

    10 Characterization of internal handling

    11 Characterization of excretion routes

    12 Behavioral effects of zinc

    13 Molecular characterization of zinc transporters, storage proteins, and chaperones

    14 Genomic and proteomic studies

    15 Interactions with other metals

    16 Knowledge gaps and future directions

    4 Iron

    1 Chemical speciation in freshwater and seawater

    2 Sources of iron and economic importance

    3 Environmental situations of concern

    4 A survey of acute and chronic ambient water quality criteria in various jurisdictions in freshwater and seawater

    5 Mechanisms of toxicity

    6 Essentiality or non-essentiality of iron: evidence for and against

    7 Potential for bioconcentration and/or biomagnification of iron

    8 Characterization of uptake routes

    9 Characterization of internal handling

    10 Characterization of excretion routes

    11 Behavioral effects of iron

    12 Molecular characterization of epithelial iron transporters and hepcidin

    13 Genomic and proteomic studies

    14 Interactions with other metals

    15 Knowledge gaps and future directions

    5 Nickel

    1 Nickel speciation in freshwater and saltwater

    2 Nickel sources and economic importance

    3 Environmental situations of concern

    4 Environmental Criteria

    5 Mechanisms of toxicity

    6 Nickel essentiality

    7 Potential for biomagnification or bioconcentration of nickel

    8 Characterization of uptake routes

    9 Internal handling of nickel

    10 Characterization of excretion routes

    11 Chemosensory and behavioral effects

    12 Genomic, proteomic, and genotoxic effects

    13 Nickel interaction with other metals

    14 Knowledge gaps and future directions

    6 Cobalt

    1 Chemical speciation in freshwater and seawater

    2 Sources (natural and anthropogenic) of cobalt and economic importance

    3 Environmental situations of concern

    4 A Survey of acute and chronic ambient water quality criteria in various jurisdictions in freshwater and seawater

    5 Mechanisms of toxicity

    6 Essentiality or non-essentiality of cobalt: evidence for and against

    7 Potential for bioconcentration and/or biomagnification of cobalt

    8 Characterization of uptake routes

    9 Characterization of internal handling

    10 Characterization of excretion routes

    11 Behavioral effects of cobalt

    12 Molecular characterization of cobalt transporters, storage proteins, and chaperones

    13 Genomic and proteomic studies

    14 Interactions with other metals

    15 Knowledge gaps and future directions

    7 Selenium

    1 Introduction

    2 Chemical speciation in freshwater and seawater

    3 Sources of selenium and economic importance

    4 Environmental situations of concern

    5 Survey of water quality guidelines

    6 Mechanisms of toxicity

    7 Selenium essentiality

    8 Potential for bioaccumulation and biomagnification of selenium

    9 Characterization of uptake routes

    10 Characterization of internal handling

    11 Characterization of excretion routes

    12 Behavioral effects of selenium

    13 Molecular characterization of transporters, storage proteins, and chaperones

    14 Genomic and proteomic studies

    15 Interactions with other metals

    16 Interactions with water temperature

    17 Knowledge gaps and future directions

    8 Molybdenum and chromium

    1 Chemical speciation in freshwater and seawater

    2 Sources (natural and anthropogenic) of molybdenum and chromium and economic importance

    3 Environmental situations of concern

    4 A survey of acute and chronic ambient water quality criteria in various jurisdictions in freshwater and seawater

    5 Mechanisms of toxicity

    6 Essentiality or non-essentiality of molybdenum and chromium: evidence for and against

    7 Potential for bioconcentration and/or biomagnification of molybdenum and chromium

    8 Characterization of uptake routes

    9 Characterization of internal handling

    10 Characterization of excretion routes

    11 Behavioral effects of molybdenum and chromium

    12 Molecular characterization of molybdenum and chromium transporters, storage proteins, and chaperones

    13 Genomic and proteomic studies

    14 Interactions with other metals

    15 Knowledge gaps and future directions

    9 Field studies on metal accumulation and effects in fish

    1 Historical review of natural and anthropogenic contamination of aquatic environments by metals

    2 Relative importance of diet versus water as metal sources in wild fish

    3 Bioenergetic effects of metal contamination in wild fish

    4 Metal effects on behavior

    5 Seasonal, interannual, and age-dependent variations in fish condition and contamination

    6 Applying predictive models in field situations

    7 Concluding remarks

    Index

    Other volumes in the fish physiology series

Product details

  • No. of pages: 520
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2011
  • Published: June 28, 2011
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123786364
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123786371

About the Series Volume Editors

Chris Wood

Affiliations and Expertise

Dept of Biology, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada

Anthony Farrell

Anthony Farrell
Dr. Tony Farrell is a professor in the Department of Zoology & Faculty of Land and Food Systems at the University of British Columbia and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. His research had provided an understanding of fish cardiorespiratory systems and has applied this knowledge to salmon migratory passage, fish stress handling and their recovery, sustainable aquaculture and aquatic toxicology. He has over 470 research publications in peer-reviewed scientific journals and an h-factor of 92. He has co-edited of 30 volumes of the Fish Physiology series, as well as an award-winning Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology. As part of his application of physiology to aquaculture, he has studied the sub-lethal impacts of sea lice and piscine orthoreovirus on the physiology of juvenile salmon. Dr. Farrell has received multiple awards, including the Fry Medal, which is the highest honour to a scientist from the Canadian Society of Zoologists, the Beverton Medal, which is the highest honour to a scientist from the Fisheries Society of the British Isles, the Award of Excellence, which is the highest honour of the American Fisheries Society and the Murray A. Newman Awards both for Research and for Conservation from the Vancouver Marine Sciences Centre. He is a former President of the Society of Experimental Biologists and a former Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Fish Biology. He served as a member of the Minister’s Aquaculture Advisory Committee on Finfish Aquaculture for British Columbia and was a member of the Federal Independent Expert Panel on Aquaculture Science.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Zoology and Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia and Fellow, Royal Society of Canada, Vancouver, Canada

Colin Brauner

Colin Brauner
Dr. Colin Brauner was educated in Canada at the University of British Columbia (Ph D), followed by a Post-doctoral fellowship at Aarhus University and the University of Southern Denmark, and was a Research Associate at McMaster University. He is a Professor of Zoology, UBC and Director of the UBC Aquatics Facility. He has been a Co-Editor of the Fish Physiology series since 2006. His research investigates environmental adaptations (both mechanistic and evolutionary) in relation to gas-exchange, acid-base balance and ion regulation in fish, integrating responses from the molecular, cellular and organismal level. The ultimate goal is to understand how evolutionary pressures have shaped physiological systems among vertebrates and to determine the degree to which physiological systems can adapt/acclimate to natural and anthropogenic environmental changes. This information is crucial for basic biology and understanding the diversity of biological systems, but much of his research conducted to date can also be applied to issues of aquaculture, toxicology and water quality criteria development, as well as fisheries management. His achievements have been recognized by the Society for Experimental Biology, UK (President’s medal) and the Canadian Conference for Fisheries Research (J.C. Stevenson Memorial Lecturer) and the Vancouver Marine Sciences Centre (Murray A. Newman Award for Aquatic Research). He is a former President of the Canadian Society of Zoologists.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Zoology, UBC and Director of the UBC Aquatics Facility, Canada