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Fish Physiology: Homeostasis and Toxicology of Essential Metals - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123786364, 9780123786371

Fish Physiology: Homeostasis and Toxicology of Essential Metals, Volume 31A

1st Edition

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Series Volume Editors: Chris Wood Anthony Farrell Colin Brauner
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123786364
eBook ISBN: 9780123786371
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th July 2011
Page Count: 520
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Table of Contents

Contents of homeostasis and toxicology of non-essential metals, volume 31B

Contributors

Preface

1 An introduction to metals in fish physiology and toxicology: basic principles

1 Background

2 Structure of the book

3 Chemical speciation in freshwater and seawater

4 Sources of metals and economic importance

5 Environmental situations of concern

6 Acute and chronic ambient water quality criteria

7 Mechanisms of toxicity

8 Essentiality or non-essentiality of metals

9 Potential for bioconcentration and/or biomagnification of metals

10 Characterization of uptake routes

11 Characterization of internal handling

12 Characterization of excretion routes

13 Behavioral effects of metals

14 Molecular characterization of metal transporters, storage proteins, and chaperones

15 Genomic and proteomic studies

16 Interactions with other metals

2 Copper

1 Introduction

2 Chemical speciation and other factors affecting toxicity in freshwater and seawater

3 Sources of copper in the environment and its economic importance

4 Environmental situations of concern

5 Acute and chronic ambient water quality criteria

6 Mechanisms of toxicity

7 Essentiality of copper

8 Potential for bioconcentration and biomagnification of copper

9 Characterization of uptake routes

10 Characterization of internal handling

11 Characterization of excretion routes

12 Behavioral effects of copper

13 Molecular characterization of copper transporters, storage proteins, and chaperones

14 Genomic and proteomic studies

15 Interactions with other metals

16 Knowledge gaps and future directions

3 Zinc

1 Introduction

2 Chemical speciation of zinc in freshwater and seawater

3 Sources of zinc and economic importance

4 Environmental situations of concern

5 Ambient water quality criteria for zinc in various jurisdictions

6 Mechanisms of toxicity

7 Essentiality and roles of zinc in biology

8 Potential for bioconcentration of zinc

9 Characterization of uptake routes

10 Characterization of internal handling

11 Characterization of excretion routes

12 Behavioral effects of zinc

13 Molecular characterization of zinc transporters, storage proteins, and chaperones

14 Genomic and proteomic studies

15 Interactions with other metals

16 Knowledge gaps and future directions

4 Iron

1 Chemical speciation in freshwater and seawater

2 Sources of iron and economic importance

3 Environmental situations of concern

4 A survey of acute and chronic ambient water quality criteria in various jurisdictions in freshwater and seawater

5 Mechanisms of toxicity

6 Essentiality or non-essentiality of iron: evidence for and against

7 Potential for bioconcentration and/or biomagnification of iron

8 Characterization of uptake routes

9 Characterization of internal handling

10 Characterization of excretion routes

11 Behavioral effects of iron

12 Molecular characterization of epithelial iron transporters and hepcidin

13 Genomic and proteomic studies

14 Interactions with other metals

15 Knowledge gaps and future directions

5 Nickel

1 Nickel speciation in freshwater and saltwater

2 Nickel sources and economic importance

3 Environmental situations of concern

4 Environmental Criteria

5 Mechanisms of toxicity

6 Nickel essentiality

7 Potential for biomagnification or bioconcentration of nickel

8 Characterization of uptake routes

9 Internal handling of nickel

10 Characterization of excretion routes

11 Chemosensory and behavioral effects

12 Genomic, proteomic, and genotoxic effects

13 Nickel interaction with other metals

14 Knowledge gaps and future directions

6 Cobalt

1 Chemical speciation in freshwater and seawater

2 Sources (natural and anthropogenic) of cobalt and economic importance

3 Environmental situations of concern

4 A Survey of acute and chronic ambient water quality criteria in various jurisdictions in freshwater and seawater

5 Mechanisms of toxicity

6 Essentiality or non-essentiality of cobalt: evidence for and against

7 Potential for bioconcentration and/or biomagnification of cobalt

8 Characterization of uptake routes

9 Characterization of internal handling

10 Characterization of excretion routes

11 Behavioral effects of cobalt

12 Molecular characterization of cobalt transporters, storage proteins, and chaperones

13 Genomic and proteomic studies

14 Interactions with other metals

15 Knowledge gaps and future directions

7 Selenium

1 Introduction

2 Chemical speciation in freshwater and seawater

3 Sources of selenium and economic importance

4 Environmental situations of concern

5 Survey of water quality guidelines

6 Mechanisms of toxicity

7 Selenium essentiality

8 Potential for bioaccumulation and biomagnification of selenium

9 Characterization of uptake routes

10 Characterization of internal handling

11 Characterization of excretion routes

12 Behavioral effects of selenium

13 Molecular characterization of transporters, storage proteins, and chaperones

14 Genomic and proteomic studies

15 Interactions with other metals

16 Interactions with water temperature

17 Knowledge gaps and future directions

8 Molybdenum and chromium

1 Chemical speciation in freshwater and seawater

2 Sources (natural and anthropogenic) of molybdenum and chromium and economic importance

3 Environmental situations of concern

4 A survey of acute and chronic ambient water quality criteria in various jurisdictions in freshwater and seawater

5 Mechanisms of toxicity

6 Essentiality or non-essentiality of molybdenum and chromium: evidence for and against

7 Potential for bioconcentration and/or biomagnification of molybdenum and chromium

8 Characterization of uptake routes

9 Characterization of internal handling

10 Characterization of excretion routes

11 Behavioral effects of molybdenum and chromium

12 Molecular characterization of molybdenum and chromium transporters, storage proteins, and chaperones

13 Genomic and proteomic studies

14 Interactions with other metals

15 Knowledge gaps and future directions

9 Field studies on metal accumulation and effects in fish

1 Historical review of natural and anthropogenic contamination of aquatic environments by metals

2 Relative importance of diet versus water as metal sources in wild fish

3 Bioenergetic effects of metal contamination in wild fish

4 Metal effects on behavior

5 Seasonal, interannual, and age-dependent variations in fish condition and contamination

6 Applying predictive models in field situations

7 Concluding remarks

Index

Other volumes in the fish physiology series


Description

Homeostasis and Toxicology of Essential Metals synthesizes the explosion of new information on the molecular, cellular, and organismal handling of metals in fish in the past 15 years. These elements are no longer viewed by fish physiologists as "heavy metals" that kill fish by suffocation, but rather as interesting moieties that enter and leave fish by specific pathways, which are subject to physiological regulation. The metals featured in this volume are those about which there has been most public and scientific concern, and therefore are those most widely studied by fish researchers. Metals such as Cu, Zn, Fe, Ni, Co, Se, Mo and Cr are either proven to be or are strongly suspected to be essential in trace amounts, yet are toxic in higher doses.

The companion volume, Homeostasis and Toxicology of Non-Essential Metals, Volume 31B, covers metals that have no known nutritive function in fish at present, but which are toxic at fairly low levels, such as Ag, Al, Cd, Pb, Hg, As, Sr, and U. In addition, three chapters in Volumes 31A and 31B on Basic Principles (Chapter 1, 31A), Field Studies and Ecological Integration (Chapter 9, 31A) and Modeling the Physiology and Toxicology of Metals (Chapter 9, 31B) act as integrative summaries and make these two volumes a vital set for readers.

Key Features

  • All major essential metals of interest are covered in metal-specific chapters
  • Each metal-specific chapter is written by fish physiologists/toxicologists who are recognized authorities for that metal
  • A common format is featured throughout this two volume edition

Readership

Fish physiologists, nutritional physiologists, toxicologists and environmental regulators


Details

No. of pages:
520
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2012
Published:
28th July 2011
Imprint:
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:
9780123786364
eBook ISBN:
9780123786371

Reviews

"This ‘‘book’’ (actually 2 companion volumes) provides a comprehensive and accessible review of trace metal essentiality, effects of deficiency or excess, homeostatic processes, and toxicology in fishes. The chapters and volumes are constructed with a parallel structure that helps comparisons across the different metals. In addition to the core focus, each chapter includes a brief summary of geochemical speciation, environmental concentrations in natural and polluted areas, environmental quality criteria from different countries, uses, and arguments for and against essentiality. The chapters are all authoritative…These 2 volumes are likely to stand for some time as the defining compendium on the homeostasis and toxicology of metals in fish. The publisher lists them as the First Edition. Perhaps when the Second Edition is written, it will be feasible to expand the scope to include comparative information on aquatic organisms other than fish."--Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, Volume 8, Number 4, pp. 768-772

Ratings and Reviews


About the Series Volume Editors

Chris Wood

Affiliations and Expertise

Dept of Biology, McMaster University, Ontario, Canada

Anthony Farrell

Anthony Farrell

Dr. Tony Farrell is a professor in the Department of Zoology & Faculty of Land and Food Systems at the University of British Columbia and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. Tony’s research had provided an understanding of fish cardiorespiratory systems and has applied this knowledge to salmon migratory passage, fish stress handling and their recovery, sustainable aquaculture and aquatic toxicology. He has over 470 research publications in peer-reviewed scientific journals and an h-factor of 92. He has co-edited of 30 volumes of the Fish Physiology series, as well as an award-winning Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology. As part of his application of physiology to aquaculture, he has studied the sub-lethal impacts of sea lice and piscine orthoreovirus on the physiology of juvenile salmon. He has received multiple awards, including the Fry Medal, which is the highest honour to a scientist from the Canadian Society of Zoologists, the Beverton Medal, which is the highest honour to a scientist from the Fisheries Society of the British Isles, the Medal of Excellence, which is the highest honour of the American Fisheries Society and the Murray A. Newman Awards both for Research and for Conservation from the Vancouver Marine Sciences Centre. He is a former President of the Society of Experimental Biologists and a former Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Fish Biology. He served as a member of the Minister’s Aquaculture Advisory Committee on Finfish Aquaculture for British Columbia and was a member of the Federal Independent Expert Panel on Aquaculture Science.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Zoology and Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia and Fellow, Royal Society of Canada

Colin Brauner

Colin Brauner

Colin Brauner was educated in Canada at the University of British Columbia (Ph D), followed by a Post-doctoral fellowship at Aarhus University and the University of Southern Denmark, and was a Research Associate at McMaster University. He is a Professor of Zoology, UBC and Director of the UBC Aquatics Facility. He has been a Co-Editor of the Fish Physiology series since 2006. His research investigates environmental adaptations (both mechanistic and evolutionary) in relation to gas-exchange, acid-base balance and ion regulation in fish, integrating responses from the molecular, cellular and organismal level. The ultimate goal is to understand how evolutionary pressures have shaped physiological systems among vertebrates and to determine the degree to which physiological systems can adapt/acclimate to natural and anthropogenic environmental changes. This information is crucial for basic biology and understanding the diversity of biological systems, but much of his research conducted to date can also be applied to issues of aquaculture, toxicology and water quality criteria development, as well as fisheries management. His achievements have been recognized by the Society for Experimental Biology, UK (President’s medal) and the Canadian Conference for Fisheries Research (J.C. Stevenson Memorial Lecturer) and the Vancouver Marine Sciences Centre (Murray A. Newman Award for Aquatic Research). He is a former President of the Canadian Society of Zoologists.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Zoology, UBC and Director of the UBC Aquatics Facility