Fish Nutrition

Fish Nutrition

1st Edition - January 1, 1972

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  • Editor: John Halver
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142960

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Description

Fish Nutrition aims to present the state of knowledge of basic and applied nutritional requirements of fishes. Most of the information found in this book involves salmonids, their nutrition, and metabolism of nutrients. This is in view of the fact that more research has been done and completed with this fish. Although applied fish nutrition is a very broad field, this book focuses on some of its aspects. These include the classes of nutrients and requirements for several types of fishes. This book comprises of 11 chapters. The first few chapters deal with the general nutrient requirements of fishes. Then, other chapters discuss calorie and energy as well as micro- and macronutrient needs and requirements. The following chapters deal with the non-nutrient components of the diet, or those that influence the characteristics of food products including texture, odor, flavor, and color. Other topics covered are enzymes and systems of intermediary metabolism (Chapter 6); feed formulation and evaluation (Chapter 7); and salmonid husbandry techniques (Chapter 9). Nutritional fish diseases are also discussed in this book. Some of these diseases include thyroid tumor, gill disease, anemia, lipoid liver degeneration, and visceral granuloma. In Chapter 11, the relationship of nutrition and pathology is given emphasis. This chapter also tackles the diet and general fish husbandry. This topic is very important, because an adequate diet for fish husbandry is the foundation of fish farming.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    1 Calorie and Energy Requirement

    I. Introduction

    II. Energy Requirement of Fish

    III. Factors Altering the Energy Requirements of Fish

    IV. The Energy Value of Foods For Fish

    V. Food Sources for Calories

    VI. Estimation of Calorie Needs of Fish

    VII. Dietary Calories and the Production of Fish

    VIII. Calorie Ratios in Fish Diets

    IX. Methods for Determining the Amount of Food to Feed

    References

    2 The Vitamins

    I. Historical Introduction

    II. The Water-Soluble Vitamins

    III. The Fat-Soluble Vitamins

    IV. Other Unknown Factors

    V. Anemias and Hemapoiesis

    References

    3 The Protein and Amino Acid Needs

    I. Introduction

    II. Qualitative Amino Acid Requirements of Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)

    III. Quantitative Amino Acid Requirements of Chinook Salmon

    IV. Protein Requirements of Chinook Salmon

    V. Utilization of Nitrogen Supplements by Chinook Salmon

    VI. Amino Acid Requirement Studies in Other Fish Species

    VII. Protein Requirement Studies in Other Fish Species

    VIII. Plasma Amino Acid Levels in Fish

    IX. General Discussion and Conclusions

    References

    4 Lipid Requirements

    I. Introduction

    II. Lipid Composition

    III. Lipid Metabolism

    IV. Lipid Requirements of Fish

    V. Conclusion

    References

    5 Nonnutrient Components of the Diet

    I. Introduction

    II. Genetically Determined Components of Plant and Animal Foodstuffs Other than Nutrients

    III. Adventitious Components of Foodstuffs (Food Contaminants)

    IV. Components Resulting from Technology

    V. Effect of Toxic Substances Entering Aquatic Environment of Fish

    VI. Summary

    References

    Addendum

    6 Enzyme and Systems of Intermediary Metabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. Carbohydrate Metabolism

    III. Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle (TCA) Enzymes

    IV. Oxidative Phosphorylation

    V. Electron Transport Systems

    VI. Enzymes of Lipid Metabolism

    VII. Enzymes of Nucleic Acid Metabolism

    VIII. Enzymes Concerned with Protein, Peptide, and Amino Acid Metabolism

    IX. Miscellaneous Enzymes

    X. Concluding Remarks

    References

    7 Feed Formulation and Evaluation

    I. Introduction

    II. Nutrient Sources

    III. Formulation and Processing Fish Feeds

    IV. Evaluation of Nutrients

    References

    8 Salmonid Husbandry Techniques

    I. Introduction

    II. Fish Cultural Practices

    III. Experimental Procedures

    IV. Summary

    References

    9 Nutritional Fish Diseases

    I. Introduction

    II. Thyroid Tumor

    III. Nutritional Gill Disease

    IV. Nutritional Anemia

    V. Vitamin Deficiency Diseases

    VI. Lipoid Liver Degeneration and Viral Hemorrahagic Septicemia

    VII. Visceral Granuloma

    VIII. Pathological Consequences of Starvation

    IX. Miscellaneous

    References

    10 Nutritional Pathology

    I. Introduction

    II. Imbalance of Specific Micronutrients

    III. Imbalance of Macronutrients

    IV. Toxicants

    V. Malnutrition

    VI. Miscellaneous

    References

    11 The Diet and General Fish Husbandry

    I. Introduction

    II. Cold-Water Fish Husbandry (Salmonidae)

    III. Secondary Cold-Water Fish Husbandry

    IV. Warm-Water Fish Husbandry

    V. Marine Fish Husbandry

    References

    Appendix

    Author Index

    Subject Index






Product details

  • No. of pages: 726
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1972
  • Published: January 1, 1972
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142960

About the Editor

John Halver

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