Fire Fighting Pumping Systems at Industrial Facilities

Fire Fighting Pumping Systems at Industrial Facilities

1st Edition - December 31, 1998

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  • Author: Dennis P. Nolan
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517214

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This book describes fixed firewater pump installations for industrial facilities from the viewpoint of the end users, fire protection engineers, loss prevention professionals, and those just entering a career in which decisions about fire pump installations must be made. Therefore much background information is given for the necessary requirements and usefulness of a firewater pump and the services that interface with it. This book's primary objective is the provision of practical information and basic background design principles on the application of fixed pumps for fire fighting purposes at industrial facilities, both onshore and offshore. Where specific details are necessary and pertinent to the discussion they are provided, otherwise, these can be found from the applicable fire codes and engineering practices to be applied to the facility. Experience from the installation of fire pumps in the petroleum and chemical industries, historical data, manufacturers specification sheets and regulatory code requirements have been drawn upon for the preparation of the information in this book.


Fire protection engineers, loss prevention professionals, and those just entering a career in which decisions about fire pump installations must be made.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Historical Applications of Firewater Pumping Systems
    Ancient Water Pumps
    Reciprocating Hand and Steam Driven Fire Pumps
    Modern Fire Pumps
    Rotary Pumps
    Invention of Centrifugal Pump
    Municipal Water Pumping Plants and Mains
    Offshore Facilities
    2. Philosophy of Protection
    Process Emergency Control Measures
    Incident Fuel Consumption
    Provide Protective Measures
    Passive Systems
    Active Systems
    Insurance Requirements
    Internal Company Policies and Standards
    3. Firewater Flow Requirements
    Risk Areas
    Exposure Cooling Requirements
    Fire Control Requirements
    Suppression Requirements
    Egress Water Sprays
    Residual Pressure Requirements
    4. Duration of Firewater Supplies
    Capability of Public Water Mains
    Primary Supplies
    Reserve Supplies
    5. Sources of Firewater Pump Supply
    Seas and Oceans
    Rivers, Channels, Ponds and Lakes
    Water Wells (Natural Underground Reservoirs)
    Manmade Reservoirs (Impounded Supplies)
    Storage Tanks
    Municipal and Private Firewater Distribution Mains
    Specialized Offshore Raw Seawater Systems
    Firewater Usage by Other Services
    Emergency Water Sources
    Water Quality
    Enhancements to Fire Fighting Water
    Marine Growth
    Biocide Injection
    Other Marine Growth Control Methods
    Future Use, Sources and Development
    6. Pump Types and Applications
    Centrifugal Pumps
    Pump/Impeller Design Relationships
    Single and Multi-stage Arrangements
    Volute and Turbine Pump Classification
    Axial Flow Pumps
    Positive Displacement Pumps
    Rotary Pumps
    Gear Pumps
    Lobe Pumps
    Sliding Vane Pumps
    Reciprocating Pumps
    Firewater Pump Characteristics
    Characteristic Firewater Pump ""Curve""
    Main and Standby Firewater Pumps
    Booster Firewater Pumps
    Water Mist Firewater Pumps
    Jockey Pumps
    Firewater Circulation Pumps
    Foam Pumps
    Packaged and Skid Units
    Retrofit Improvements to Existing Firewater Pumps
    Future Expansion
    Reliance on Mobile Firewater Pumping Apparatus
    Portable Pumps
    NFPA 20 Versus API 610 and Other Pump Types
    7. Pump Installation, Piping Arrangements and Accessories
    Code Requirements
    Listing Requirements
    Typical Installation
    Pump Separation
    Pump Room or Building Construction
    Offshore Facilities
    Arctic Locations
    Arid Locations
    Tropical Locations
    Earthquake Zones
    Multiple Pump Installations
    Pump Rotation
    Relief Valves
    Circulation Relief Valves
    Pressure and Flow Control Valves
    Isolation Valves
    Bypass Capability
    Pressure Gages
    Pressure Recorders
    Flow Measurement Capability
    Check Valves
    Air Release Valve
    Supervision of Isolation Valves
    Inlet Screens, Strainers and Filters
    Submerged Pump Intake Openings
    Cavitation, Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH) and Vortices
    Water Hammer or Surge
    Pumping System Hydraulic Design
    Vibration Limitation
    Torsional Vibration Analysis (TVA)
    Backflow Prevention
    Area and Task Lighting
    Sprinkler Protection
    Utility Services
    Outside Installations
    8. Materials of Construction
    Corrosion Considerations
    Cathodic Protection
    Fiberglass Materials
    Fresh Water Concerns
    Common Pump Materials
    9. Pump Drivers and Power Transmission
    Electric Motors
    NEMA Classification
    Splash Shield or Partitions
    Gasoline Engines
    Diesel Engines
    Engine Gage Panel
    Diesel Engine Fuel Supplies
    Fuel Refilling Aspects
    Fuel Contamination
    Engine Starting Systems
    Starting Batteries
    Engine Cooling System
    Engine Exhaust System
    Air Supplies and Ventilation
    Instrument Panel
    Steam Turbine
    Power Transmission Options
    Driver Pump Coupling
    Right Angle Gear Drives
    Indirect Hydraulic Drive
    Acoustical Concerns
    Maintenance Access
    10. Firewater Pump Controllers
    Firewater Pump Controllers
    Diesel Engine Firewater Pump Controllers
    Electric Motor Firewater Pump Controllers
    Controller Power Supplies
    Dual Power Source Controllers
    Automatic Transfer Switches (ATS)
    Low Suction Pressure Cut-Off
    Jockey Pump Controllers
    Remote Alarm and Shutdown Panels for Fire Pump Controllers
    Foam Pump Controllers
    Controller Listing or Approval
    Multiple Firewater Pump Installations
    Automatic Activation
    Firemain Pressure Switch Activation
    Remote Activation
    Local Activation
    Startup Attempts
    Color Coding of Panel Indicators
    Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams (P & IDs)
    Controller Indicators
    First-Up Fault Feature
    Cause and Effects Charts
    Firewater Pump Shutdown
    Specialized Installations
    Controller Location and Access Requirements
    11. Reliability
    Failure Categories
    Insurance Industry Experience
    Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)
    Single Point Failures (SPF)
    Number of Firewater Pumps
    Pump Failures
    Electrical Motor Failures
    Diesel Engine Failures
    Gearbox Failures
    Controllers Faults
    Plant Perils & Pumping System Exposure
    12. Classified Area Pump Installations
    Diesel Engine Ignition Hazards
    Primary Ignition Hazards
    Secondary Ignition Hazards
    Hot Surfaces
    Hot Exhaust Gases
    Exhaust System (Muffler)
    Exhaust System Spark or Flame Discharge
    Engine Overspeeding
    Flashback in Air Intake
    Material Selection
    Rated Instrumentation and Electrical Hardware
    Decompression Ports
    Electric Motors
    13. Firewater Pump Acceptance and Flow Testing
    Safety Precautions
    Factory Acceptance Test (FAT)
    Site Acceptance Test (SAT) and Commissioning
    Periodic Performance Tests - Frequencies and Duration
    Pump Curve Test Points
    Fuel Examination
    Specific Speed Verification
    Accuracy of Test Gages
    Weekly Testing
    Controller and Interface Testing
    Foam Pump Testing
    Basic Test Procedure
    14. Human Factors & Quality Control
    Human Factors
    Flow Arrows
    Starting Instructions
    Noise Levels
    Emergency and Pre-Fire Plans
    Quality Control

Product details

  • No. of pages: 247
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 1998
  • Published: December 31, 1998
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517214

About the Author

Dennis P. Nolan

Dr. Dennis P. Nolan has had a long career devoted to risk engineering, fire protection engineering, loss prevention engineering and systems safety engineering. He holds a Doctor of Philosophy degree in Business Administration from Berne University, Master of Science degree in Systems Management from Florida Institute of Technology and a Bachelor of Science Degree in Fire Protection Engineering from the University of Maryland. He is a U.S. registered professional engineer in fire protection engineering in the state of California.He is currently on the Executive Management staff of Saudi Aramco, located in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, as a Loss Prevention Consultant/Chief Fire Prevention Engineer. He covers some of the largest oil and gas facilities in the world. As part of his career, he has examined oil production, refining, and marketing facilities under severe conditions and in various unique worldwide locations, including Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, Russia, and North and South America. His activity in the aerospace field has included engineering support for the NASA Space Shuttle launch facilities at Kennedy Space Center (and for those undertaken at Vandenburg Air Force Base, California) and “classified” national defense systems. Dr. Nolan has received numerous safety awards and is a member of the American Society of Safety Engineers, He is the author of many technical papers and professional articles in various international fire safety publications. He has written at least four books, several published by Elsevier.

Affiliations and Expertise

Loss Prevention Consultant and Chief Fire Prevention Engineer, Saudi Aramco

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