Fire Behavior of Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses

Fire Behavior of Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses

1st Edition - December 4, 2000

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  • Authors: John Krasny, William Parker, Vytenis Babrauskas
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517207
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780815514572

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In the United States alone, deaths due to furniture and bed fires still rank as the top-most category of fire losses. The flammability of upholstered furniture is a major concern of engineers and others across a wide swath of organizations. This book was written to provide its audience with the science and engineering need to better understand the combustibility of the products they manufacture, purchase, and try to extinguish. Beginning with a brief overview of materials, safety design and standards, the text covers topics such as flame ignition, spread, toxic gases, heat release rate (HRR), test methods, fire hazard analysis, and selected regulations in the US, UK, and EU.


This book was written to address the science and engineering information needs of public and private sector fire technology personnel including fire service students and officers, fire investigators, fire protection engineers, government officials, textile, chemical, and furniture industry personnel, or institutional furniture purchasers.

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
    Arrangement of the Book
    Upholstered Furniture Structure and Mattresses
    Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses
    Design and Fire Safety
    Upholstered Item Fire Statistics
    Summary of Regulatory Development
    Pyrolysis and Combustion
    Transition to Flaming
    Flaming Ignition
    Flame Spread
    Heat Release
    Propagating and Non-Propagating Fires
    Inter-Item Spread
    Interaction with Enclosure
    Smoke and Toxic Gases
    Test Methods, Standards and Regulations
    Cigarette Ignition
    Flaming Fire Tests, Standards and Regulations
    Smoke and Toxic Gases
    Ignition Sources
    Matches, Small Gas Flames and Methenamine Pills
    Wood Cribs
    Newspaper Sheets and Their Gas Burner Replacements
    Waste Paper Baskets: Real and Simulated
    Radiant Flux Ignition Sources
    Other Ignition Sources and Locations
    Large Open-Flame or Radiation Sources
    Effects of Test Apparatus and of Test Scale
    Comparison of Bench-Scale Results
    Comparison of Bench and Full-Scale Results
    Upholstered Item Design Engineering
    Ignition Resistance to Cigarettes
    Flaming Fires
    Toxic Products
    Furniture Fire Models
    A Component HRR Model for Furniture Composites
    Fire Hazard Analysis
    Smoldering Fires
    Flaming Fires
    The Role of HRR
    The Role of Other Factors
    Relationship of HRR and Available Escape Time
    Hazard Predictions Based on Modeling

Product details

  • No. of pages: 450
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2007
  • Published: December 4, 2000
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815517207
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780815514572

About the Authors

John Krasny

Affiliations and Expertise

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST - Retired)

William Parker

Affiliations and Expertise

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST - Retired)

Vytenis Babrauskas

Affiliations and Expertise

Fire Science & Technology, Inc.

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