Fire and Ecosystems - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124242555, 9780323146173

Fire and Ecosystems

1st Edition

Editors: T.T. Kozlowski
eBook ISBN: 9780323146173
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th December 1974
Page Count: 556
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Description

Fire and Ecosystems focuses on a number of aspects of fire ecology. This book deals separately with both harmful and beneficial effects of fire on soils, soil organisms, animals, and plants. This reference material elucidates the effects of fire on grasslands and considers the role of fire in temperate forests and related ecosystems. Four chapters are presented on a regional basis to highlight variations in responses, especially plant succession, to fire. The use of fire in land management is also explored. This book will serve as an invaluable reference material to researchers, teachers, and land managers.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

1. Introduction

Text

References

2. Effects of Forest Fire on Soil

I. Introduction

II. Reasons for Burning

III. Physical Effects of Burning

IV. Organic Matter

V. Burning and Nutrients

VI. Biological Effects of Burning

VII. Loss of Nutrients due to Burning

VIII. Burning in Forestry Practice

References

3. The Effect of Fire on Soil Organisms

I. Introduction

II. Algae

III. Bacteria

IV. Actinomycetes

V. Fungi

VI. Soil Fauna

References

4. Effects of Fire on Birds and Mammals

I. Introduction

II. Fire and the Life of Birds and Mammals

III. Fire and the Kinds of Birds and Mammals

IV. Fire and the Abundance of Birds and Mammals

V. Evolution of Birds and Mammals and Burnable Habitat

References

5. Effects of Fire on Grasslands

I. Fire in the Grassland Environment

II. Physical Characteristics of Grassland Fires

III. Effects of Fire on Productivity

IV. Effects of Fire on Vegetational Composition

V. Grassland Succession

VI. Discrepancies in Evaluating the Effects of Fire

VII. Changes Resulting from Cessation of Fires

VIII. Current and Future Uses of Fire in Grassland Management

IX. Epilogue

References

6. Effects of Fires on Temperate Forests: North Central United States

I. Introduction

II. Physical Factors in Ecological Change

III. Fire Adaptation in Pine Species

IV. Posture Development of Other Plant Species

V. Interrelationships

References

7. Effects of Fire on Temperate Forests: Northeastern United States

I. Frequency and Type of Presettlement Fires

II. Frequency and Type of Postsettlement Fires

III. Fire Effects in Northeastern Types

IV. Conclusion

References

8. Effects of Fire on Temperate Forests and Related Ecosystems: Southeastern United States

I. Introduction

II. Natural Fires

III. Man and Fire

IV. Fire and Fire Characteristics

V. The Southeastern Ecosystem "Fire Regimes"

VI. Coastal Plain Forests

VII. Coastal Plain Pine Savannas and Grasslands

VIII. The Piedmont Plateau Forest and Grasslands

IX. Appalachian Mountains, Mesophytic Forests, and Grasslands

References

9. Effects of Fire on Temperate Forests: Western United States

I. Introduction

II. The Ponderosa Pine Region

III. The Douglas-Fir Region

IV. The Redwood Region

V. Alaska

References

10. Effects of Fire on Chaparral

I. Introduction

II. Kinds of Chaparral

III. Occurrence of Fires in Chaparral

IV. Adaptations of Chaparral to Fire

V. Plant Successions after Fire in Climax Chaparral

VI. Plant Successions after Fire in Woodland-Grass Chaparral

VII. Plant Successions after Fire in Forest Chaparral

VIII. Soil Erosion after Fire

IX. Discussion and Fire Management Implications

References

11. Fire in the Deserts and Desert Grassland of North America

I. Introduction

II. Four Deserts and the Desert Grassland

III. Great Basin Desert

IV. Mojave Desert

V. Sonoran Desert

VI. Chihuahuan Desert

VII. Desert Grassland

References

12. Effects of Fire in the Mediterranean Region

I. Introduction

II. Natural Fire Conditions in the Mediterranean Region

III. Fire History of Mediterranean Ecosystems

IV. Effects of Fire on Mediterranean Ecosystems

V. Conclusions

References

13. Effects of Fire in Forest and Savanna Ecosystems of Sub-Saharan Africa

I. Introduction

II. Some Major Types of Forest and Subhumid Wooded Savanna

III. History of Fire in Forest and Derived and Subhumid Wooded Savanna

IV. Kinds of Fire

V. Influence of Fire in Forest Types, Related Derived Savanna, and Subhumid Wooded Savanna

VI. Fire and the Future

References

14. Use of Fire in Land Management

I. Introduction

II. Historical Uses of Fire

III. Current Uses of Fire

IV. Examples of Use of Prescribed Burning

References

Author Index

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
556
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1974
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323146173

About the Editor

T.T. Kozlowski