Fire and Ecosystems

Fire and Ecosystems

1st Edition - December 28, 1974

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  • Editor: T.T. Kozlowski
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323146173

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Fire and Ecosystems focuses on a number of aspects of fire ecology. This book deals separately with both harmful and beneficial effects of fire on soils, soil organisms, animals, and plants. This reference material elucidates the effects of fire on grasslands and considers the role of fire in temperate forests and related ecosystems. Four chapters are presented on a regional basis to highlight variations in responses, especially plant succession, to fire. The use of fire in land management is also explored. This book will serve as an invaluable reference material to researchers, teachers, and land managers.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    1. Introduction



    2. Effects of Forest Fire on Soil

    I. Introduction

    II. Reasons for Burning

    III. Physical Effects of Burning

    IV. Organic Matter

    V. Burning and Nutrients

    VI. Biological Effects of Burning

    VII. Loss of Nutrients due to Burning

    VIII. Burning in Forestry Practice


    3. The Effect of Fire on Soil Organisms

    I. Introduction

    II. Algae

    III. Bacteria

    IV. Actinomycetes

    V. Fungi

    VI. Soil Fauna


    4. Effects of Fire on Birds and Mammals

    I. Introduction

    II. Fire and the Life of Birds and Mammals

    III. Fire and the Kinds of Birds and Mammals

    IV. Fire and the Abundance of Birds and Mammals

    V. Evolution of Birds and Mammals and Burnable Habitat


    5. Effects of Fire on Grasslands

    I. Fire in the Grassland Environment

    II. Physical Characteristics of Grassland Fires

    III. Effects of Fire on Productivity

    IV. Effects of Fire on Vegetational Composition

    V. Grassland Succession

    VI. Discrepancies in Evaluating the Effects of Fire

    VII. Changes Resulting from Cessation of Fires

    VIII. Current and Future Uses of Fire in Grassland Management

    IX. Epilogue


    6. Effects of Fires on Temperate Forests: North Central United States

    I. Introduction

    II. Physical Factors in Ecological Change

    III. Fire Adaptation in Pine Species

    IV. Posture Development of Other Plant Species

    V. Interrelationships


    7. Effects of Fire on Temperate Forests: Northeastern United States

    I. Frequency and Type of Presettlement Fires

    II. Frequency and Type of Postsettlement Fires

    III. Fire Effects in Northeastern Types

    IV. Conclusion


    8. Effects of Fire on Temperate Forests and Related Ecosystems: Southeastern United States

    I. Introduction

    II. Natural Fires

    III. Man and Fire

    IV. Fire and Fire Characteristics

    V. The Southeastern Ecosystem "Fire Regimes"

    VI. Coastal Plain Forests

    VII. Coastal Plain Pine Savannas and Grasslands

    VIII. The Piedmont Plateau Forest and Grasslands

    IX. Appalachian Mountains, Mesophytic Forests, and Grasslands


    9. Effects of Fire on Temperate Forests: Western United States

    I. Introduction

    II. The Ponderosa Pine Region

    III. The Douglas-Fir Region

    IV. The Redwood Region

    V. Alaska


    10. Effects of Fire on Chaparral

    I. Introduction

    II. Kinds of Chaparral

    III. Occurrence of Fires in Chaparral

    IV. Adaptations of Chaparral to Fire

    V. Plant Successions after Fire in Climax Chaparral

    VI. Plant Successions after Fire in Woodland-Grass Chaparral

    VII. Plant Successions after Fire in Forest Chaparral

    VIII. Soil Erosion after Fire

    IX. Discussion and Fire Management Implications


    11. Fire in the Deserts and Desert Grassland of North America

    I. Introduction

    II. Four Deserts and the Desert Grassland

    III. Great Basin Desert

    IV. Mojave Desert

    V. Sonoran Desert

    VI. Chihuahuan Desert

    VII. Desert Grassland


    12. Effects of Fire in the Mediterranean Region

    I. Introduction

    II. Natural Fire Conditions in the Mediterranean Region

    III. Fire History of Mediterranean Ecosystems

    IV. Effects of Fire on Mediterranean Ecosystems

    V. Conclusions


    13. Effects of Fire in Forest and Savanna Ecosystems of Sub-Saharan Africa

    I. Introduction

    II. Some Major Types of Forest and Subhumid Wooded Savanna

    III. History of Fire in Forest and Derived and Subhumid Wooded Savanna

    IV. Kinds of Fire

    V. Influence of Fire in Forest Types, Related Derived Savanna, and Subhumid Wooded Savanna

    VI. Fire and the Future


    14. Use of Fire in Land Management

    I. Introduction

    II. Historical Uses of Fire

    III. Current Uses of Fire

    IV. Examples of Use of Prescribed Burning


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 556
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1974
  • Published: December 28, 1974
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323146173

About the Editor

T.T. Kozlowski

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