Fine Particulate Pollution - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080233994, 9781483163703

Fine Particulate Pollution

1st Edition

A Report of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

Authors: Yong Zhou
eBook ISBN: 9781483163703
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1979
Page Count: 122
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Description

Fine Particulate Pollution deals with the state of knowledge and the status of technology relating to pollution caused by fine particulates. The topics span all scientific and technical disciplines associated with atmospheric fine particulate pollution, including the definition of fine particulates, health effects, measurement, and sources, along with transport and transformation, control technology, regulations, economics, and research. This book is divided into six sections and begins with an overview of the chemical and physical characteristics of fine particles such as particle size, shape, morphology, chemical composition, resistivity, and electric charge. Subsequent sections examine the health and environmental effects of particulate pollutants; emission sources and control of fine particulate air pollution; chemical and physical reactions, transport, and fate of fine particulate pollutants; and sampling, monitoring, and measurement of fine particulate pollutants. The final section looks at regulations for fine particles in countries such as Austria, Germany, France, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and the United States. This monograph will be of interest to environmentalists as well as environmental policymakers and government officials concerned with air pollution control.

Table of Contents


Foreword

List of Illustrations

List of Tables

Section I. Chemical and Physical Characteristics of Fine Particles

Overview

A. Characteristics

1. Particle Size

2. Particle State

3. Particle Shape and Morphology

4. Chemical Composition of Fine Particles

5. Concentration of Fine Particles

6. Resistivity and Electric Charge of Particles

References

Additional Sources

Section II. Health and Environmental Effects of Particulate Pollutants

Overview

A. Effects on Health

1. Lung Dynamics and Airborne Particulate Matter

2. Experimental Biological Effects of Particulate Air Pollutants

3. Epidemiological Impact of Particulate Air Pollutants

B. Environmental Effects other than Health

References

Section III. Emission Sources and Control of Fine Particulate Air Pollution

Overview

A. Sources of Fine Particles and Their Control

1. Sources, Quantities, and Particle Size

B. Control Technology Collection Capabilities

C. New Concepts on Particle Collection

D. Problems of Costing Fine Particulate Control Systems

E. Major Research and Development Needs and Recommendations

References

Section IV. Chemical and Physical Reactions, Transport and Fate of Fine Particulate Pollutants

Overview

A. The Formation of Fine Particulates

B. The Behavior of Fine Particulates in the Atmosphere

C. Removal of Fine Particulates from the Atmosphere

D. Transport of Fine Particulates in the Atmosphere

References

Section V. Sampling, Monitoring and Measuring of Fine Particulate Air Pollutants

Overview

A. Particle Counting

B. In Situ Physical/Chemical Measurement

C. Sampling for Mass Determination and/or Subsequent Chemical and Physical Analysis

D. Physical and Chemical Methods for Particle Characterization

1. Sampling

2. Identification

3. Water-Soluble Compounds

4. Crystal Structure Analysis

5. Morphology

E. Synopsis of Recent Development

F. Cost of Particle Sampling and Analysis

1. Cost Comparison of Simple Systems for the Determination of Particle Concentrations

2. Cost as a Function of Reproducibility

3. Cost Comparison of Complicated Systems for the Determination of Fiber Concentration in Air

References

Additional Sources for Costs

Section VI. Regulations

Overview

A. Existing and Planned Regulations for Fine Particles

1. Austria

2. Belgium

3. Federal Republic of Germany (FRG)

4. Finland

5. France

6. Hungary

7. Italy

8. Norway

9. Poland

10. Sweden

11. Switzerland

12. Turkey

13. United Kingdom

14. United States

B. Summary

1. Total versus Fine Particulate

2. Specific Chemical Composition

References

Additional Sources

Details

No. of pages:
122
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1979
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483163703

About the Author

Yong Zhou

Professor Yong Zhou is a recognized expert in the field of non-linear difference equations and their applications in China. He was Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Dynamical Systems and Differential Equations over 2007-2011, and is present Guest Editor at Optimization (T&F), Nonlinear Dynamics and Journal of Vibration and Control (Sage), and at Elsevier former Guest Editor of Computers & Mathematics with Applications over 2010-2012 and Applied Mathematics and Computation over 2014-2015.

Affiliations and Expertise

Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, P.R. China.