Fine Particulate Pollution

Fine Particulate Pollution

A Report of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

1st Edition - January 1, 1979

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  • Author: Unknown Author
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483163703

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Description

Fine Particulate Pollution deals with the state of knowledge and the status of technology relating to pollution caused by fine particulates. The topics span all scientific and technical disciplines associated with atmospheric fine particulate pollution, including the definition of fine particulates, health effects, measurement, and sources, along with transport and transformation, control technology, regulations, economics, and research. This book is divided into six sections and begins with an overview of the chemical and physical characteristics of fine particles such as particle size, shape, morphology, chemical composition, resistivity, and electric charge. Subsequent sections examine the health and environmental effects of particulate pollutants; emission sources and control of fine particulate air pollution; chemical and physical reactions, transport, and fate of fine particulate pollutants; and sampling, monitoring, and measurement of fine particulate pollutants. The final section looks at regulations for fine particles in countries such as Austria, Germany, France, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and the United States. This monograph will be of interest to environmentalists as well as environmental policymakers and government officials concerned with air pollution control.

Table of Contents


  • Foreword

    List of Illustrations

    List of Tables

    Section I. Chemical and Physical Characteristics of Fine Particles

    Overview

    A. Characteristics

    1. Particle Size

    2. Particle State

    3. Particle Shape and Morphology

    4. Chemical Composition of Fine Particles

    5. Concentration of Fine Particles

    6. Resistivity and Electric Charge of Particles

    References

    Additional Sources

    Section II. Health and Environmental Effects of Particulate Pollutants

    Overview

    A. Effects on Health

    1. Lung Dynamics and Airborne Particulate Matter

    2. Experimental Biological Effects of Particulate Air Pollutants

    3. Epidemiological Impact of Particulate Air Pollutants

    B. Environmental Effects other than Health

    References

    Section III. Emission Sources and Control of Fine Particulate Air Pollution

    Overview

    A. Sources of Fine Particles and Their Control

    1. Sources, Quantities, and Particle Size

    B. Control Technology Collection Capabilities

    C. New Concepts on Particle Collection

    D. Problems of Costing Fine Particulate Control Systems

    E. Major Research and Development Needs and Recommendations

    References

    Section IV. Chemical and Physical Reactions, Transport and Fate of Fine Particulate Pollutants

    Overview

    A. The Formation of Fine Particulates

    B. The Behavior of Fine Particulates in the Atmosphere

    C. Removal of Fine Particulates from the Atmosphere

    D. Transport of Fine Particulates in the Atmosphere

    References

    Section V. Sampling, Monitoring and Measuring of Fine Particulate Air Pollutants

    Overview

    A. Particle Counting

    B. In Situ Physical/Chemical Measurement

    C. Sampling for Mass Determination and/or Subsequent Chemical and Physical Analysis

    D. Physical and Chemical Methods for Particle Characterization

    1. Sampling

    2. Identification

    3. Water-Soluble Compounds

    4. Crystal Structure Analysis

    5. Morphology

    E. Synopsis of Recent Development

    F. Cost of Particle Sampling and Analysis

    1. Cost Comparison of Simple Systems for the Determination of Particle Concentrations

    2. Cost as a Function of Reproducibility

    3. Cost Comparison of Complicated Systems for the Determination of Fiber Concentration in Air

    References

    Additional Sources for Costs

    Section VI. Regulations

    Overview

    A. Existing and Planned Regulations for Fine Particles

    1. Austria

    2. Belgium

    3. Federal Republic of Germany (FRG)

    4. Finland

    5. France

    6. Hungary

    7. Italy

    8. Norway

    9. Poland

    10. Sweden

    11. Switzerland

    12. Turkey

    13. United Kingdom

    14. United States

    B. Summary

    1. Total versus Fine Particulate

    2. Specific Chemical Composition

    References

    Additional Sources

Product details

  • No. of pages: 122
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1979
  • Published: January 1, 1979
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483163703

About the Author

Unknown Author

Dr. Sam Stuart is a physiotherapist and a research Fellow within the Balance Disorders Laboratory, OHSU. His work focuses on vision, cognition and gait in neurological disorders, examining how technology-based interventions influence these factors. He has published extensively in world leading clinical and engineering journals focusing on a broad range of activities such as real-world data analytics, algorithm development for wearable technology and provided expert opinion on technology for concussion assessment for robust player management. He is currently a guest editor for special issues (sports medicine and transcranial direct current stimulation for motor rehabilitation) within Physiological Measurement and Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, respectively.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Fellow, Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, UK Honorary Physiotherapist, Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, North Shields, UK

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