Fiber Technology for Fiber-Reinforced Composites - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780081018712

Fiber Technology for Fiber-Reinforced Composites

1st Edition

Editors: M. Ozgur Seydibeyoglu Amar Mohanty Manjusri Misra
Hardcover ISBN: 9780081018712
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 1st June 2017
Page Count: 336
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Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction to Fiber Technology

1.The Importance of Fibers for Composites

2.Fiber Reinforced Composites, A Historical Perspective

3.The Need for Fiber Technology Book

Chapter 2: Fiber-reinforced Composites

1.Introduction (Definitions, Applications)

2.Materials (Reinforcements, Matrices, Fiber/Matrix Adhesion)


4.Characterization and Testing

5.Fiber Surface Treatments



Chapter 3: Mechanics of Fiber Composites


2. Mechanics of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Composites

3. Mechanics of Short Fiber-Reinforced Composites

4. Mechanics of Woven Fabric Composites

5. Interfacial Mechanics in Fiber-Reinforced Composites

6. Mechanics of Curved Composites

7. Strength Failure Theories

8. Dynamic Behavior of Fiber Reinforced Composites

Chapter 4: Glass Fibers

1. Introduction

2. History of Glass Fiber

3. Manufacturing process of Glass

Fiber and Its Products

4. Types of Glass Fibers,

5. Physical Properties of Glass Fibers

6. Surface Chemistry of Glass Fibers and Its Adhesion to Matrix

7. Conclusion

8. References

Chapter 5: Carbon Fibers

1. Introduction

2. Different Precursors and Fiber Formation Methods

3. Carbonization Process

4.Characterization Techniques

5. Recent Developments in Technology

6. Applications of Carbon Fibers

7. Conclusion

8. References

Chapter 6: Aramid Fibers

1.Types, structure and composition

2.Fiber Manufacturing

3.Fiber properties



Chapter 7: Basalt Fibers

1.Introduction to basalt fibers

2.Preparation of Basalt Fibers

3.Characterization of Basalt Fibers

4.Mechanical, Electronic and Thermal Properties

5.Surface Treatment of Basalt Fibers

6.Basalt Fiber Reinforced Composites

7.Applications of Basalt Fibers



Chapter 8: Ceramic and Boron Fibers

1. Introduction

2. Classification of Ceramic Fibers: Oxide and Non-oxide Ceramic Fibers

3. Structures and Properties of Ceramic Fibers

4. Manufacturing Processes of the Inorganic Fibers

5. Applications of Ceramic and Boron Fibers

Chapter 9: Natural Fibers

1. Introduction to Natural Fibers

1.1. Introduction

1.2. History

2. Biology of Plant Fibers

2.1. Structure of Herbal Plant Fibers

2.2. Structure of Wood Fibers

2.3. Seed and Fruit Fibers

2.3.1 Cotton

2.3.2 Kapok

2.4. Bast and Leaf Fibers

2.4.1 Abaca

2.4.2 Sisal

2.4.3 Jute

2.4.4 Flax

2.4.5 Hemp

2.4.6 Henequen

2.4.7 Kenaf

3. Ethnobotany of Natural Fibers

4. Conclusion and Future Outlook

5. References

Chapter 10: Nanofibers


1.1.Micro- and Nanofibers

1.2.Methods Used to Form Micro- and Nanofibers

2. Electrospinning

2.1.The Fundamental Aspect

2.2.Factors Affecting Fiber Formation

2.3.Nanofibers containing nanoparticles

2.4.Fiber-Reinforced Composites

3.Potential Applications

3.1. Filter Membranes

3.2.NanofiberBased Sensors



Chapter 11: Surface Modification of Fibers and Sizing Operations

1. Introduction

2.Physical methods

2.1.Plasma Treatment

2.2.Thermal treatment

2.3.UV Treatment

2.4.Electron and Ion Bombardment

2.5.Ozone Treatment

f.Laser Treatment

3.Chemical Treatment

3.1.Alkaline Treatment

3.2.Acetylation treatment

3.3.Silane Treatment

3.4.Oxidative Treatment

3.5.Graft Copolymerization

3.6.Other Chemical Treatments

4.Biochemical Methods

5. Sizing

6. References

Chapter 12: The Use of Nanotechnology for Fiber-reinforced Composites



3.Nanocomposite Materials


4.1.Structure of fiber

4.2.Fiber Applications

5.Fiber Reinforced Composites Properties

5.1.Mechanical Properties

5.2.Electrical Properties



6.2.Energy Applications


8.Future Perspectives

Chapter 13: The Use of Biotechnology for Green Composites

1. Introduction to Green Composites


1.2.Life Cycle Assesment (LCA)

1.3.LCA’s of Composite Materials

2.Natural Fiber Sources

2.1.Animal Fibers

2.2.Plant Fibers

2.2.1.Wood Fibers Nanocellulose Lignin

2.2.2. Sisal Fibers

2.2.3.Jute Fibers

3.Natural Polymer Sources

2.1. PolyLactic Acid (PLA)

2.2.Polyhydroxylalkanoates (PHA)

2.3. Celluloseacetate (CA)

2.4. Thermoplastic Starch (TPS)


5.Biotechnology for composites


7.Conclusion and Future Outlook


Chapter 14: Design and Optimization of Fiber Composites


2.Structural Design

2.1. Design Requirements

2.2.Materials Selection

3. Optimization

Chapter 15: Future Outlook

Summary of Fiber Production Technologies, Challenges, Strategies, and Future Perspectives of Fiber Technology and Composites


Fiber Technology for Fiber-Reinforced Composites provides a detailed introduction to fiber reinforced composites, explaining the mechanics of fiber reinforced composites, along with information on the various fiber types, including manufacturing of fibers (starting from monomers and precursors), fiber spinning techniques, testing of fibers, and surface modification of fibers.

As material technologies develop, composite materials are becoming more and more important in transportation, construction, electronics, sporting goods, the defense industry, and other areas of research. Many engineers working in industry and academics at universities are trying to manufacture composite materials using a limited number of fiber types with almost no information on fiber technology, fiber morphology, fiber properties, and fiber sizing agents. This book fills that gap in knowledge.

Key Features

  • Unique in that it focuses on a broad range of different fiber types used in composites manufacturing
  • Contains contributions from leading experts working in both industry and academia
  • Provides comprehensive coverage on both natural and nanofibers


Academic and industrial researchers working in Material Science, Polymer Science and Technology, Automotive and Aerospace Engineering, Defense, Energy, Construction and Sporting goods


No. of pages:
© Woodhead Publishing 2017
Woodhead Publishing
Hardcover ISBN:

About the Editors

M. Ozgur Seydibeyoglu Editor

Dr. Seydibeyoğlu is a Materials Engineer with specialization in polymers, composites and fibers. He has an undergraduate degree in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Middle East Technical University. After completion of his undergraduate degree, Dr. Seydibeyoğlu completed his Master of Science degree in Polymer Science and Technology at Middle East Technical University. He completed his Ph.D. on Materials Science and Engineering working on polymer composites with micro and nanosize fibers at Istanbul Technical University.He is now Associate Prof. at the university managing 10 different projects on composites. Some of the

highlighted projects are “basalt-carbon intraply hybrid woven cloth based composites”, “TPU and Woven Cloth Based Health, Security Boots”, “Natural Fiber Composites for Automotive Applications”, “Biofiber Composites for Antimicrobial Polymers”, “Graphene Enhanced Carbon Fiber Composites”, “Hybrid Nanocomposites for Flame Retardancy”.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Turkey

Amar Mohanty Editor

Dr. Amar K Mohanty is a Full Professor and Premier’s Research Chair in Biomaterials and Transportation is the Director of Bioproducts Discovery & Development Centre at University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada. He is an international leader in the field of bioplastics, biobased materials and advanced biorefining with a focus in engineering new sustainable materials. He has more than 500 publications to his credit including 260 peer-reviewed journal papers, 25 patents (granted/filed), several conference presentation, 15 book chapters and three edited books. He was the chief editor of the CRC Press volume, “Natural Fibers, Biopolymers and Biocomposites,” Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL (2005) and the American Scientific Publishers volume “Packaging Nanotechnology”, Valencia, California, (2009).

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Plant Agriculture, School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Canada

Manjusri Misra Editor

Dr. Manju Misra is a professor in the School of Engineering and holds a joint appointment in the Dept. of Plant Agriculture at the University of Guelph. Dr. Misra’s current research focuses primarily on novel bio-based composites and nanocomposites from agricultural and forestry resources for the sustainable bio-economy targeting the development of bio-based and eco-friendly alternatives to the existing petroleum-based products. She has authored more than 380 publications, including 250+ peer-reviewed journal papers, 24 book chapters, and 15 granted patents. She was an editor of the CRC Press volume, “Natural Fibers, Biopolymers and Biocomposites,” Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL (2005); American Scientific Publishers volume “Packaging Nanotechnology”, Valencia, California, (2009) and “Polymer Nanocomposites”, Springer (2014).

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Plant Agriculture, School of Engineering, University of Guelph