Fast Reactor Safety - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122949500, 9780323152655

Fast Reactor Safety

1st Edition

Editors: John Graham
eBook ISBN: 9780323152655
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1971
Page Count: 390
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Description

Fast Reactor Safety deals with safety design criteria and methodology for fast reactors. Topics covered include safety evaluation methods, system disturbances, containment, and licensing. The characteristics of fast reactors, including heat ratings and coolants, are also discussed. Comprised of six chapters, this book opens with an overview of methods used to evaluate nuclear safety, along with neutron kinetics, thermal and feedback effects, and fault tree analysis. The reader is then introduced to possible system disturbances in relation to three distinct fast reactor systems: liquid-metal-cooled fast breeder reactors, gas-cooled fast breeder reactors, and steam-cooled fast breeder reactors. The next chapter looks at safety criteria that are set to define the design of a safe plant, together with the safety features that might be included. The remaining chapters focus on the particular problems of a sodium-cooled design; containment building and primary circuit and vessel containment; and licensing of the plant. This monograph is intended for graduates and undergraduates in nuclear engineering who are attending courses in reactor safety.

Table of Contents


Foreword

Preface

List of Symbols

1. Safety Evaluation Methods

1.1 Purpose and Plan for Safety

1.2 Neutron Kinetics

1.3 Thermal Effects

1.4 Feedback Effects

1.5 System Behavior

1.6 Fault Tree Analysis

References

2. System Disturbances

2.1 Description of Main Reactor Systems

2.2 Flow Perturbations

2.3 Reactivity Perturbations

2.4 Thermal Perturbations

2.5 System Stability

2.6 External Influences

References

3. Safety Criteria

3.1 Failure Criteria

3.2 General Safety Criteria

3.3 The Principle of Redundancy

3.4 Safety Features

References

4 . Special Fast Reactor Characteristics

4.1 Heat Ratings and Coolants

4.2 Voiding Effects

4.3 Criticality in Super-prompt Accidents

4.4 Local Failure Effects

4.5 Sodium Fires

4.6 Previous Experience

References

5. Containment

5.1 Radiological Limits

5.2 Siting Limits and Considerations

5.3 Containment Design

5.4 Design Basis Accidents

5.5 Energy Partition and Mechanical Damage

5.6 Engineered Safety Features

References

6. Licensing

6.1 Codes, Standards, and Criteria

6.2 Regulatory Processes

6.3 Safety Analysis Reporting

6.4 Other Siting Considerations

References

Appendix: Computer Codes for Nuclear Accident Analysis

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
390
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1971
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323152655

About the Editor

John Graham