Extreme Events in Geospace

Extreme Events in Geospace

Origins, Predictability, and Consequences

1st Edition - December 1, 2017

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  • Editor: Natalia Buzulukova
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128127018
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128127001

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Extreme Events in Geospace: Origins, Predictability, and Consequences helps deepen the understanding, description, and forecasting of the complex and inter-related phenomena of extreme space weather events. Composed of chapters written by representatives from many different institutions and fields of space research, the book offers discussions ranging from definitions and historical knowledge to operational issues and methods of analysis. Given that extremes in ionizing radiation, ionospheric irregularities, and geomagnetically induced currents may have the potential to disrupt our technologies or pose danger to human health, it is increasingly important to synthesize the information available on not only those consequences but also the origins and predictability of such events. Extreme Events in Geospace: Origins, Predictability, and Consequences is a valuable source for providing the latest research for geophysicists and space weather scientists, as well as industries impacted by space weather events, including GNSS satellites and radio communication, power grids, aviation, and human spaceflight. The list of first/second authors includes M. Hapgood, N. Gopalswamy, K.D. Leka, G. Barnes, Yu. Yermolaev, P. Riley, S. Sharma, G. Lakhina, B. Tsurutani, C. Ngwira, A. Pulkkinen, J. Love, P. Bedrosian, N. Buzulukova, M. Sitnov, W. Denig, M. Panasyuk, R. Hajra, D. Ferguson, S. Lai, L. Narici, K. Tobiska, G. Gapirov, A. Mannucci, T. Fuller-Rowell, X. Yue, G. Crowley, R. Redmon, V. Airapetian, D. Boteler, M. MacAlester, S. Worman, D. Neudegg, and M. Ishii.  

Key Features

  • Helps to define extremes in space weather and describes existing methods of analysis
  • Discusses current scientific understanding of these events and outlines future challenges
  • Considers the ways in which space weather may affect daily life
  • Demonstrates deep connections between astrophysics, heliophysics, and space weather applications, including a discussion of extreme space weather events from the past
  • Examines national and space policy issues concerning space weather in Australia, Canada, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States


Geophysicists and space weather scientists; Industries and agencies dealing with telecommunication, satellite communication, human spaceflight, prevention of electrical outages, and operational aspects of extreme events

Table of Contents

  • Part 1: Overview of Impacts and Effects
    1. Linking Space Weather Science to Impacts--The View from Earth

    Part 2: Solar Origins and Statistics of Extremes
    2. Extreme Solar Eruptions and their Space Weather Consequences
    3. Solar Flare Forecasting: Present Methods and Challenges
    4. Geoeffectiveness of Solar and Interplanetary Structures and Generation of Strong Geomagnetic Storms
    5. Statistics of Extreme Space Weather Events
    6. Data-Driven Modeling of Extreme Space Weather Events and their Predictability

    Part 3: Geomagnetic Storms and Geomagnetically Induced Currents
    7. Super Geomagnetic Storms: Past, Present, and Future
    8. An Overview of Science Challenges Pertaining to our Understanding of Extreme Geomagnetically Induced Currents
    9. Extreme-Event Geoelectric Hazard Maps
    10. Global 3D Modeling of the Earth's Magnetosphere for Extreme Geomagnetic Storms
    11. Empirical Modeling of Extreme Events: Storm-time Geomagnetic Field, Electric Current, and Pressure Distributions

    Part 4: Plasma and Radiation Environment
    12. Observations of Extreme Events from GOES Spacecraft
    13. Near-Earth Radiation Environment for Extreme Solar and Geomagnetic Conditions
    14. Magnetospheric "Killer" Relativistic Electron Dropouts (REDs) and Repopulation: A Cyclical Process
    15. Extreme Space Weather Spacecraft Surface Charging and Arcing Effects
    16. Deep Dielectric Charging and Spacecraft Anomalies
    17. Solar Particle Events and Human Deep Space Exploration: Measurements and Considerations
    18. Extreme Events in Atmospheric Radiation at Aviation and Suborbital Altitudes
    19. High Energy Transient Luminous Atmospheric Phenomena: The Potential Danger for Suborbital Flights?

    Part 5: Ionospheric/Thermospheric Effects and Impacts
    20. Ionosphere and Thermosphere Responses to Extreme Geomagnetic Storms
    21. How the Thermosphere and Ionosphere Might React to an Extreme Space Weather Event
    22. The Effect of Solar Radio Bursts on GNSS Signals
    23. Extreme Ionospheric Storms and Their Effects on GPS Systems
    24. Recent Geoeffective Space Weather Events and Technological System Impacts
    25. Extreme Space Weather in Time: Effects on Earth and Mars

    Part 6: Dealing with the Space Weather
    26. Dealing with Extreme Space Weather: The Canadian Experience
    27. Space Weather: What are Policy Makers Seeking?
    28. Extreme Space Weather and Emergency Management
    29. The Social and Economic Impacts of Severe Space Weather
    30. Extreme Space Weather Events in the Australian Contex
    31. Extreme Space Weather Research in Japan

Product details

  • No. of pages: 798
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2017
  • Published: December 1, 2017
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128127018
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128127001

About the Editor

Natalia Buzulukova

Dr. Natalia Buzulukova is a research scientist in University of Maryland/NASA GSFC, Heliophysics Science Division, Maryland, US. She obtained her PhD from Moscow Space Research Institute working in the field of plasma physics and data analysis. Dr. Buzulukova’s scientific interests cover a broad range of topics, including magnetohydrodynamic modeling of the Earth’s magnetosphere, kinetic Particle-In-Cell simulations of the geomagnetic tail, bounce-averaged models of the Earth’s ring current, modeling of the Earth’s plasmasphere, modeling of energetic neutral atom emissions, modeling of the Earth’s radiation belts, and space weather applications. Dr. Buzulukova is experienced in working with satellite data sets, including past and current NASA missions, and has authored or co-authored more than 20 publications in peer-reviewed journals related to the field.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Scientist, NASA GSFC/University of Maryland, USA

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